Related Science News – Page 102 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

May 29, 2021

Brain injury research to focus on moderate concussion

Viji Santhakumar, an associate professor of molecular, cell and systems biology at the University of California, Riverside, has received funding from the National Institute of Neurological Disaster and Stroke of the National Institutes of Health to further pursue research on moderate concussive brain injury, which results from car accidents or sports-related concussions. […]
May 28, 2021

Head and neck cancer cells hijack nearby healthy tissue, promoting further invasion of cancer cells

Up to half of patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma will experience tumor recurrence or new tumors—tumors that often spread and are difficult to treat. A team of scientists led by the University of Michigan School of Dentistry identified a mechanism by which head and neck cancer cells […]
May 28, 2021

Final results of SPRINT study confirm controlling blood-pressure critically important in preventing heart disease and stroke

Follow-up data from the landmark SPRINT study of the effect of high blood pressure on cardiovascular disease have confirmed that aggressive blood-pressure management—lowering systolic blood pressure to less than 120 mm Hg—dramatically reduces the risk of heart disease, stroke and death from these diseases, as well as death from all […]
May 28, 2021

Immediate skin-to-skin contact after birth improves survival of pre-term babies

Continuous skin-to-skin contact starting immediately after delivery even before the baby has been stabilised can reduce mortality by 25 per cent in infants with very low birth weight. This according to a study in low- and middle-income countries coordinated by the WHO on the initiative of researchers at Karolinska Institutet […]
May 28, 2021

Smoking during pregnancy associated with child’s risk of having congenital heart disease

Children born to mothers who smoked during pregnancy were at increased risk of having congenital heart disease, a new study published in the Journal of the American Heart Association has found. The study was led by the University of Bristol, in an international collaboration with researchers from seven institutions. It […]
May 28, 2021

Many of us could carry extra fat due to a change in a single gene

New research has found that one in every 340 people might carry a mutation in a single gene that makes them more likely to have a greater weight from early childhood and, by 18 years of age, they could be up to 30 pounds heavier with the excess weight likely […]
May 28, 2021

Cardiac MRI effective in detecting asymptomatic, symptomatic myocarditis in athletes

A cardiac MRI of athletes who had COVID-19 is seven times more effective in detecting inflammation of the heart than symptom-based testing, according to a study led by researchers at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center and College of Medicine with 12 other Big Ten programs. The findings are published online by JAMA Cardiology. The […]
May 28, 2021

When cancer cells “put all their eggs in one basket”

Normal cells usually have multiple solutions for fixing problems. For example, when DNA becomes damaged, healthy white blood cells can use several different strategies to make repairs. But cancer cells may “put all their eggs in one basket,” getting rid of all backup plans and depending on just one pathway […]
May 27, 2021

Engineered organism could diagnose Crohn's disease flareups

In an important step toward the clinical application of synthetic biology, Rice University researchers have engineered a bacterium with the capability of diagnosing a human disease. An engineered strain of the gut bacteria E. coli senses pH and glows when it encounters acidosis, an acidic condition that often occurs during flareups of inflammatory bowel […]
May 27, 2021

Scientists discover brain cells that compete to sustain or suppress traumatic memories

Two clusters of brain cells compete to promote either the persistence or disappearance of traumatic memories, according to a new study conducted in mice. The findings could provide important insights into human conditions such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety disorders, and associated problems such as alcohol use disorder (AUD) […]
May 26, 2021

Mothers can influence offspring’s height, lifespan and disease risk in unexpected ways – through their mitochondria

Mitochondria –  the ‘batteries’ that power our cells – play an unexpected role in common diseases such as type 2 diabetes and multiple sclerosis, concludes a study of over 350,000 people conducted by the University of Cambridge. The study, published in Nature Genetics, found that genetic variants in the DNA […]
May 26, 2021

Protein simulation, experiments unveil clues on origins of Parkinson's disease

Parkinson’s disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disease and affects more than 10 million people around the world. To better understand the origins of the disease, researchers from Penn State College of Medicine and The Hebrew University of Jerusalem have developed an integrative approach, combining experimental and computational methods, to understand how individual […]
May 26, 2021

Researchers use ‘hole-y’ math and machine learning to study cellular self-assembly

A new study shows that mathematical topology can reveal how human cells organize into complex spatial patterns, helping to categorize them by the formation of branched and clustered structures. The field of mathematical topology is often described in terms of donuts and pretzels. To most of us, the two differ […]
May 26, 2021

Commonly Used Drugs for Schizophrenia Linked to Greater Cognitive Impairment

Writing in the journal The American Journal of Psychiatry, a multi-institution team of scientists led by researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine report that medications commonly prescribed to reduce the severity of physical and mental health symptoms associated with schizophrenia may have a cumulative effect of […]
May 26, 2021

Older Adults with Functional Impairments Linked to Prescription Drug Use/Misuse

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately 22 percent of older adults in the United States suffer from a functional impairment, defined as difficulties performing daily activities, such as bathing or getting dressed, or problems with concentration or decision-making affected by physical, mental or emotional conditions. In […]
May 26, 2021

Genetic Tools Help Identify a Cellular Culprit for Type 1 Diabetes

By mapping its genetic underpinnings, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine have identified a predictive causal role for specific cell types in type 1 diabetes, a condition that affects more than 1.6 million Americans. The findings were published in the journal Nature. Type 1 diabetes is […]
May 26, 2021

Metabolic hormone ‘leptin’ linked to vaccine response

Reduced levels of a metabolic hormone known as leptin is linked to poor vaccine antibody responses in the general population, a University of Queensland study has found. The researchers made the discovery while investigating several cohorts’ responses to the influenza vaccine or hepatitis B vaccine pre-COVID. UQ’s Professor Di Yu […]
May 26, 2021

Case Western Reserve-led research team aims to determine which diabetic individuals can successfully donate corneas for transplant (and which should not)

About a third of the corneal transplant surgeries in the United States involve people with diabetes who donate their corneas after death. The number of corneal transplants has grown over the last decade, but through continuous research, the medical community has learned that not all corneal tissue from diabetics may […]
May 26, 2021

In vivo drug discovery for β-cell proliferation in diabetes

In a study published in Nature Metabolism, researchers at the Department of Cell and Molecular Biology developed a novel technique to identify small molecules that can make insulin-producing β-cells divide. Olov Andersson and Jeremie Charbord explain: Diabetes is characterized by the progressive loss of functional β-cells. One possible approach to curing diabetes is […]
May 26, 2021

Electrical nerve stimulation research could pave the way to new treatments

A project to measure the effects of electrical stimulation of a major nerve that could hold the key to new treatments for a range of diseases from epilepsy to depression is underway at the University of Bath. Members of C3Bio, the University’s Centre for Biosensors, Bioelectronics and Biodevices, are working to […]
May 26, 2021

Microglia Become More Pro-Inflammatory in the Aging Brain

In this open access commentary, the authors discuss efforts to uncover the mechanisms by which microglia in the aging brain are primed to undertake inflammatory responses, more so than those in the young brain. This may be due in part towards increased numbers of senescent microglia, secreting pro-inflammatory signals. This […]
May 26, 2021

New findings to boost IVF success rates

In vitro fertilization fulfils the wishes of half a million parents each year, yet fertility treatment leaves plenty of room for improvement. A majority of potential embryos are ruled out for implantation, flagged by a genetic test designed to root out abnormalities early on.  This selection process limits the success […]
May 26, 2021

New wiki on salivary proteins may transform diagnostic testing and personalized medicine

To improve the development of new saliva-based diagnostic tests and personalized medicine, the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR) has supported the development of the Human Salivary Proteome Wiki, the first public platform that catalogues and curates data on each of the thousands of proteins within our saliva. Detailed […]
May 26, 2021

Team Develops New Tools to Battle Cancer, Advance Genomics Research

Scientists at the University of Virginia School of Medicine have developed important new resources that will aid the battle against cancer and advance cutting-edge genomics research. UVA’s Chongzhi Zang and his colleagues and students have developed a new computational method to map the folding patterns of our chromosomes in three […]
May 26, 2021

Flickering Lights and Sound Could Be New Weapon Against Alzheimer’s

For the past few years, Annabelle Singer and her collaborators have been using flickering lights and sound to treat mouse models of Alzheimer’s disease, and they’ve seen some dramatic results. Now they have resulted from the first human feasibility study of the flicker treatment, and they’re promising. “We looked at safety, tolerance, and adherence, […]
May 26, 2021

Nasal spray could be used to treat Parkinson's disease

Parkinson’s disease is an incurable neurodegenerative condition, affecting millions of people in the world. It is one of the leading causes of age-related dementia as well as a very common cause of disability or death. Now scientists at the University of York are pushing to make a nasal spray treatment […]
May 25, 2021

People with familial longevity show better cognitive aging

If you come from a family where people routinely live well into old age, you will likely have better cognitive function (the ability to clearly think, learn and remember) than peers from families where people die younger. Researchers affiliated with the Long Life Family Study (LLFS) recently broadened that finding […]
May 25, 2021

Full-Genome CRISPR Screen Reveals Surprising Ways Neurons Survive Oxidative Stress

When a single gene in a cell is turned on or off, its resulting presence or absence can affect the function and survival of the cell. In a new study appearing in Nature Neuroscience, UCSF researchers have successfully catalogued this effect in the human neuron by separately toggling each of […]
May 25, 2021

Imaging project finds the machinery behind brain cells

Ultrahigh-resolution, high-speed imaging of fruit fly brains has allowed University of Oregon scientists to capture mechanical motions that stem cells use to make neurons, the cells that make up the brain. The motions coordinate cell division during differentiation, when some newly born cells become neurons. Differentiation is essential for building […]
May 25, 2021

Researchers intend to discover microbiome’s role in personalized nutrition

Personalized nutrition has emerged in recent years as a key potential solution to a variety of diseases that originate in the gut, and Nebraska scientists are mining microbiome data to determine how individuals’ digestive systems might respond to different nutritional approaches. Ultimately, these findings could help scientists and doctors recommend […]