Related Science News – Page 14 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

March 6, 2019

Dementia’s gender differences revealed

Dementia is one of the leading causes of death in Australia, but University of Queensland research has found the disease affects men and women differently. UQ health biostatistician Dr Michael Waller said the collaborative study with the Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health examined 1.1 million Australian death certificates for any mention of […]
March 5, 2019

Second-Ever Patient Cured of HIV, with Effective Treatment Potentially on the Way

Reporting in the journal Nature ten years (almost to the day) since the first confirmed case of an HIV-infected person (dubbed the “Berlin patient” and later revealed to be an American named Timothy Brown) being rid of the disease, a group of physicians claim to have successfully cured the second-ever […]
March 5, 2019

New ORNL AI tool revolutionizes process for matching cancer patients with clinical trials

A team of researchers from the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory Health Data Sciences Institute have harnessed the power of artificial intelligence to better match cancer patients with clinical trials.The researchers were one of ten teams to develop a digital tool to address complex challenges relevant to medical […]
March 5, 2019

New insights into underlying causes of Alzheimer’s disease

The International Genomic Alzheimer’s Project (IGAP), which is a collaboration of four consortia, including the Genetic and Environmental Risk for Alzheimer’s Disease (GERAD) consortia led by Cardiff University, analysed data from more than 94,000 individuals with Alzheimer’s disease. “This work emphasizes the need for collaborative science,” said Dr Rebecca Sims, […]
March 5, 2019

3 Heart Health Risks All Men Should Know

When it comes to cardiovascular health, men and women have many of the same risks. After all, everyone faces the challenges of managing weight, blood pressure and cholesterol, among other factors — and heart disease remains the No. 1 cause of death in both sexes. But as women have unique heart […]
March 5, 2019

Designing New Proteins Could Lead to Cancer Treatment

Using the power of computer science, physics and biology, scientists are attempting to mimic what took millions of years of evolution to refine: the creation of new proteins. The human body contains at least tens of thousands of different proteins, which act as workhorses driving many of the functions that […]
March 5, 2019

Attacking ‘Invisible Threat’ that Affects Cancer Care Workers

Chemotherapy drugs are lifesaving to cancer patients, but these toxic drugs are hazardous to the health care workers who come into contact with them. Despite the risks, many health care workers do not use recommended personal protective equipment such as gloves or gowns when handling chemotherapy. A study from the University […]
March 5, 2019

Data sharing uncovers five new risk genes for Alzheimer’s disease

Analysis of genetic data from more than 94,000 individuals has revealed five new risk genes for Alzheimer’s disease, and confirmed 20 known others. An international team of researchers also reports for the first time that mutations in genes specific to tau, a hallmark protein of Alzheimer’s disease, may play an […]
March 5, 2019

Cells use sugars to communicate at the molecular level

The human body is made up of 30 to 40 million cells, a large and complex network of blood cells, neurons, and specialized cells that make up organs and tissues. Until now, figuring out which mechanisms control communication between them has proven a significant challenge for the field of cell […]
March 4, 2019

Not Just Neurons: Precision Signaling Architecture Discovered in Non-Neural Cells that Direct Development

While virtually all cells in an animal’s body communicate with their neighbors in one way or another, many scientists thought that only neurons — the specialized cells that comprise much of the brain and nervous system — produce structures that allow signals to be delivered to specific locations over long […]
March 4, 2019

Data science tool that reveals molecular causes of disease shows power in infant cancer analysis

Princeton University researchers are gaining new insights into the causes and characteristics of diseases by harnessing machine learning to analyze molecular patterns across hundreds of diseases simultaneously. Demonstrating a new tool now available to researchers worldwide, the team of computer scientists and biologists has already uncovered and experimentally confirmed previously […]
March 4, 2019

Study: Male circumcision protects women from STI’s, cancer

U.S. rates of sexually transmitted infections (STI) are soaring to such an extent that public health officials are posting billboards that exhort sexual partners to use condoms. But who is championing male circumcision as a mechanism to protect women? Researchers, that’s who. A recent systematic review of 81 published studies and abstracts […]
March 4, 2019

New mechanism of bone growth discovered

In a paper published in the journal Nature, an international research team led by researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden report that bone growth in mice takes place in accordance with the same principles as when new cells are constantly produced in blood, skin and other tissue. This contradicts the previous […]
March 4, 2019

Happy in marriage? Genetics may play a role

People fall in love for many reasons — similar interests, physical attraction, and shared values among them. But if they marry and stay together, their long-term happiness may depend on their individual genes or those of their spouse, says a new study led by Yale School of Public Health researchers. […]
March 4, 2019

Icefish genome may offer insights into age-related health issues

White-blooded Antarctic icefishes live with anemia, oversized hearts and low bone mineral density, traits that in people would normally signal disease. These adaptations, however, help the fish survive in cold water and may offer a window on human aging, says a UO biologist. That potential human health payoff comes with […]
March 4, 2019

International team of scientists detect cause of rare pediatric brain disorder

Mathilde came into the world with chubby cheeks and a full head of auburn hair. But she was a very sick baby, and was immediately transferred on January 19, 2013 to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at the Montreal Children’s Hospital of the McGill University Health Centre (MCH-MUHC). By the […]
March 4, 2019

Researchers ‘Bait’ Proteins Behind Neurodegeneration

A single misbehaving protein – called TDP-43 – is behind 97 percent of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) cases and 45 percent of frontotemporal dementia diagnoses. It also is found in 80 percent of chronic traumatic encephalopathy and 60 percent of Alzheimer’s disease cases. Now, University of Pittsburgh researchers have found a way […]
March 4, 2019

Embryos’ signaling proteins go with the flow

Rice University scientists say context rules dynamic mechanisms that turn cells into tissues. How cells in developing embryos communicate depends a great deal on context, according to scientists at Rice University. They found that a protein signaling pathway known as WNT and its interactions are far more dynamic than once thought as the response […]
March 4, 2019

New biomaterial could improve bone grafting

A new biomaterial-based bone graft extender created by Vanderbilt and U.S. Army researchers has the potential to improve treatment of critical orthopedic conditions. While a graft using a patient’s own bone  – typically from the pelvis or femur – for re-implantation is considered the standard technique to repair, replace or […]
March 2, 2019

Drinking during pregnancy leads to mental illness in children

Drinking is not good for your body and health and you know it. Everyone knows it at this point. However, it can also affect other person’s body as well. A team of scientists led by the University of Bristol found that women who drink during pregnancy put their children in […]
March 2, 2019

When kidney failure starts at the heart

OHSU, PNNL collaboration pinpoints protein in blood linked to compromised kidney function One of the most common and deadly complications from a heart attack is kidney failure. New research indicates that a specific protein in the bloodstream created after cardiac arrest may be the culprit. Led by Oregon Health & […]
March 1, 2019

Brain Protein Crucial to Stroke Recovery Identified

Every 40 seconds, someone in the United States suffers a stroke and available therapies, such as clot busting drugs or clot removal devices, are focused on limiting the extent of brain damage. Now, research from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and the VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System shows that a brain protein called […]
March 1, 2019

Pesticide Exposure Contributes to Faster ALS Progression

A new study helps determine the role of pesticides and pollutants during the course of the progressive neurodegenerative disease that has no cure. While exact causes of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) remain unknown, new research shows pesticides and other environmental pollutants advance the progression of the neurodegenerative disease. The latest study […]
March 1, 2019

Older biologic age linked to elevated breast cancer risk

Biologic age, a DNA-based estimate of a person’s age, is associated with future development of breast cancer, according to scientists at the National Institutes of Health. Biologic age was determined by measuring DNA methylation, a chemical modification to DNA that is part of the normal aging process. The study showed […]
March 1, 2019

Watching TV leads to a decline in memory in people over 50

There is nothing we value more than our mind. We want to be smart and we want to surround ourselves with smart people. We would do anything to make our minds healthy, but there are certain things that do not help our cognitive function and memory. Scientists from UCL found […]
February 28, 2019

Better together: Mitochondrial fusion supports cell division

Mitochondria are the powerhouses of the cell. And for mitochondria, much like for double-header engines stacked together in a steam train, working in multiples has its benefits. New research from Washington University in St. Louis shows that when cells divide rapidly, their mitochondria are fused together. In this configuration, the […]
February 28, 2019

A Single Dose of a PD-1 Inhibitor Before Surgery Predicts Outcomes in Melanoma Patients

A single dose of a PD-1 inhibitor before surgery for melanoma can put patients in remission. Researchers from the Abramson Cancer Center at the University of Pennsylvania, who documented this finding in the largest cohort of patients to be treated with anti-PD-1 drugs before surgery, also showed that immune responses brought […]
February 28, 2019

Using anti-cancer immunotherapy to fight HIV

Researchers at the University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre (CRCHUM) have shown that immunotherapy treatments against cancer could reduce the amount of virus that persists in people on triple therapy. In a study published in the journal Nature Communications, they show, in the cells of people living with HIV, how these therapies reveal […]
February 28, 2019

Radiation-resistant E. coli evolved in the lab give view into DNA repair

Scientists in the University of Wisconsin–Madison Department of Biochemistry are watching evolution happen in real time. In a recent study published online in the Journal of Bacteriology, biochemistry professor Michael Cox and his team describe blasting E. coli bacteria with ionizing radiation once a week, causing the bacteria to become radiation resistant. In doing so, they […]
February 28, 2019

Do risk assessments of endocrine disruptors provide sufficient protection?

Both in Denmark and internationally, there is political agreement on the need to minimize the exposure of people and the environment to endocrine disruptors. In order to legislate in a way that protects both humans and the environment, it is crucial for lawmakers to know what dose is safe. Risk […]