Related Science News – Page 26 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

August 6, 2019

Paper trail leads to heart valve discoveries

Paper is at the heart of an experimental device developed by Rice University bioengineers to study heart disease. They are using paper-based structures that mimic the layered nature of aortic valves, the tough, flexible tissues that keep blood flowing through the heart in one direction only. The devices allow the engineers […]
August 6, 2019

Transgender Women Can Regain Fertility Shows Case Study

Scientists at Magee-Womens Research Institute (MWRI), collaborating with clinicians at UPMC Magee-Womens Hospital and UPMC Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh report two cases in which young transgender women attempted to recover their fertility after starting and stopping gender-affirming medications. The study, published in Pediatrics, found that one transgender woman was able to produce viable sperm after a […]
August 5, 2019

The Michelson Prizes

The Michelson Prizes are annual awards of $150,000 that support young investigators under the age of 35 who are using disruptive concepts and inventive processes to significantly advance human immunology and vaccine and immunotherapy discovery research for major global diseases. The Prizes are funded by the Michelson Medical Research Foundation […]
August 5, 2019

Can a combination immune therapy reduce genital herpes outbreaks?

Yale investigators have shown that the combination of a vaccine and a medicated cream is a promising strategy to dramatically reduce the recurrence of genital herpes. Their study, co-led by researchers at the University of Pennsylvania and University of Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, was published in the journal npj Vaccines. […]
August 5, 2019

Scientists discover immune cell subtype in mice that drives allergic reactions

Allergies can be life-threatening when they cause anaphylaxis, an extreme reaction with constriction of the airways and a sudden drop in blood pressure. Scientists have identified a subtype of immune cell that drives the production of antibodies(link is external) associated with anaphylaxis and other allergic reactions. The research was funded by […]
August 5, 2019

Clinical trial to evaluate experimental treatment in people allergic to multiple foods

Though food allergy affects more than 4.8 million children in the United States, no approved preventative treatments currently exist. While experimental desensitization strategies are available in research settings, people with food allergies must avoid known allergens and are advised to carry injectable epinephrine to prevent potentially life-threatening allergic reactions caused […]
August 5, 2019

Liver Damage More Commonly Due to Malignant Tumors than Cancer Immunotherapy Drug

Immunotherapy as a treatment for advanced solid organ tumors has rapidly evolved over the past decade, often yielding remarkable results. However, its use has also given way to new adverse effects, including drug-induced gastrointestinal and liver toxicities. “Checkpoint inhibitors are a game changer for a lot of oncology patients with […]
August 4, 2019

Why older people smell the way they do? Japanese have even a special word for it

You definitely have smelled it before, Whether it’s your grandparents or complete strangers, old people have a very specific smell. Some people describe it as musty, others – as stale of even medical. But what causes it? And why so many older people smell so alike? Well, part of the […]
August 4, 2019

Keeping notes in your smartphone? One day you might have fake memories

How often do you leave notes for yourself on your phone? Most people do it almost every day. It is very convenient – we write something down and our phones remind us about it whenever we set them to. But how this habit affects your memory? Scientists from the University […]
August 3, 2019

Scientists found a way to improve regeneration of intestine tissue

Time is not good for us. As we age, condition of our bodies start to decline right to the cellular level. A lot of the age-related gastrointestinal problems can be traced to ageing cells of the intestinal epithelium. But now scientists from the University of Helsinki and Karolinska Institutet found […]
August 2, 2019

Feverfew could hold a secret to treating an incurable cancer

Feverfew is a common flowering garden plant. It has small flowers and looks rather lovely, but it is also used as medicine. In fact, it is sold in health food shops as a remedy for migraine and other aches and pains. Now scientists from the University of Birmingham were able […]
August 2, 2019

Scientists used super-resolution microscopy to take a closer look at the components of dementia

Invisible illness – this is how various mental conditions are sometimes described. For example, you cannot really see dementia. Or can you? Scientists from the University of Queensland used super-resolution microscopy to see key molecules in living brain cells. This may help understanding memory formation and the mechanisms of dementia. […]
August 2, 2019

New ‘don’t eat me’ signal may provide basis for cancer therapies

Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have discovered a new signal that cancers seem to use to evade detection and destruction by the immune system. The scientists have shown that blocking this signal in mice implanted with human cancers allows immune cells to attack the cancers. Blocking other “don’t eat […]
August 2, 2019

Orchestrating Development in the Fly Embryo

Most multicellular organisms on Earth—including you—begin as a single fertilized egg and then undergo a complex choreography of cellular growth to become a functioning adult composed of countless cells. Understanding this process is a major goal in the field of developmental biology. Now, using the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster as a model […]
August 2, 2019

Hormone Therapy Linked to Heart Fat, Hard Arteries

Hormone replacement therapy is a common treatment for menopause-related symptoms, and new research from the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health reinforces the importance of tailoring hormone therapy to each patient, based on her individual risk factors for cardiovascular disease. In a study published in the Journal of the American […]
August 2, 2019

Psoriasis therapy linked to reduced coronary inflammation in patients with the skin condition

Researchers have found that anti-inflammatory biologic therapies used to treat moderate to severe psoriasis can significantly reduce coronary inflammation in patients with the chronic skin condition. Scientists said the findings are particularly notable because of the use of a novel imaging biomarker, the perivascular fat attenuation index (FAI), that was […]
August 2, 2019

The empty octopus in the cell

A fundamental research study on microRNAs, tiny molecules that help control gene activity inside plants and animals, has made an unexpected connection to a molecule associated with multiple genetic diseases. Researchers at the Institute for Quantitative Biosciences discovered that a protein, VCP, known for its involvement in neurodegenerative diseases also […]
August 2, 2019

House move during early pregnancy linked to heightened premature birth risk

Moving to a new residence during the first three months of pregnancy is linked to a heightened risk of premature birth and low birthweight, as well as a slightly higher risk of a smaller-than-expected-size baby, according to new research from the University of Washington published online in the Journal of […]
August 1, 2019

Complications from cardiac devices range widely from hospital to hospital

We expect quality from our healthcare systems and institutions. We need to be sure that we are getting services of the highest order and we want consistency. However, we are certainly not getting it. Scientists from the University of Adelaide and Flinders University found that cardiac device complications vary widely […]
August 1, 2019

Does physical exercise help people with chronic pain? Scientists are looking into it

It is difficult to comprehend how many people are dealing with chronic pain every day. Studies have shown that 30 % of people involved in motor vehicle accidents will go on to develop a chronic pain. And then there are people with all kinds of conditions, injuries and illnesses causing […]
August 1, 2019

Dry AMD requires broad, systems biology approach leveraging big data, multiple disciplines

A large-scale, collaborative, systems biology approach is needed to expedite the discovery of treatments for dry age-related macular degeneration (AMD) – a leading cause of blindness among people 65 and older for which is there is no treatment— according to a report by a working group of scientists appointed by […]
July 31, 2019

USask medical team receives $987,000 to test new imaging agents for improved cancer diagnosis

A University of Saskatchewan medical research team will receive $987,000 from Western Economic Diversification (WD) towards a $4.55-million project aimed at producing and testing new imaging agents for diagnosing lung and colorectal cancers in humans. The federal investment will enable clinical development of first-of-their-kind imaging agents for molecular, non-invasive diagnosis […]
July 31, 2019

AstraZeneca Challenge: Molecular Strategies to Minimize Off-Target Toxicities of Antibody Drug Conjugates

An antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) is comprised of an antibody connected to a cytotoxic agent with a linker. ADCs are designed to selectively target tumors via binding to specific markers found on the cell surface. Although many ADCs are in clinical development, only a few are FDA approved. To improve the […]
July 31, 2019

Intermittent Fasting: Is it Right for You?

Weight loss can be difficult, but could intermittent fasting help? This eating pattern, which features cycles of fasting and eating, is making headlines as research confirms it’s not only what you eat, but when you eat, that matters in the struggle to lose weight. During intermittent fasting, individuals use specific periods of eating — […]
July 31, 2019

Simultaneous infection by two viruses the key to studying rare lymphoma

New research has found that a rare blood cancer can be simulated in the lab only by simultaneously infecting white blood cells with two viruses typically found in the tumors. The successful creation of stable, cancer-like cells in the lab opens up opportunities for understanding the progression of this and […]
July 31, 2019

Drug administration at the appropriate time of the day could prove more efficient in the treatment against hearing loss

Dexamethasone, a synthetic glucocorticoid, may be more effective in protecting the auditory system when delivered during the active phase. A novel study shows how the time of the day impacts on the treatment outcome. The study is published in Current Biology and has been conducted by researchers at Karolinska Institutet. […]
July 30, 2019

High levels of oestrogen in the womb linked to autism

Scientist have identified a link between exposure to high levels of oestrogen sex hormones in the womb and the likelihood of developing autism. The findings are published in the journal Molecular Psychiatry. The discovery adds further evidence to support the prenatal sex steroid theory of autism first proposed 20 years […]
July 30, 2019

Neuroscientists identify brain region linked to altered social interactions in autism model

Although psychiatric disorders can be linked to particular genes, the brain regions and mechanisms underlying particular disorders are not well-understood. Mutations or deletions of the SHANK3 gene are strongly associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and a related rare disorder called Phelan-McDermid syndrome. Mice with SHANK3 mutations also display some […]
July 30, 2019

Unraveling links to possible origins, better treatment for genetic disorders

In recent decades, scientists have successfully mapped the human genome, but it’s viewed in a way similar to viewing a screen without a sharp resolution picture. Now a new digital tool designed at the University of Missouri will allow scientists to study the detailed interactions between chromosomes within the human genome through […]
July 30, 2019

When a fix for one vision problem causes another

As we age, our eyes lose their ability to focus up close. It’s a condition called presbyopia, and it’s both extremely common and relatively easy to fix, with solutions like reading glasses, bifocals, or progressive lenses. Another common correction, called monovision, solves the problem with different lenses in each eye, […]