Related Science News – Page 180 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

September 24, 2019

Perturbed Genes Regulating White Blood Cells Linked to Autism Genetics and Severity

Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine say they are getting closer to identifying the mechanisms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and biomarkers that can aid in early diagnosis and predictions of symptom severity. A team of scientists analyzed blood gene expression data from 302 one- to […]
September 24, 2019

Drug target for Alzheimer’s disease has dual action

UQ researchers have discovered a potential drug target for Alzheimer’s disease — an enzyme which has effects on both the immune and nervous systems. Dr Ramón Martínez-Mármol and Professor Frédéric A. Meunier from the Queensland Brain Institute Clem Jones Centre for Ageing Dementia Research found that targeting one enzyme could combat the disease on two fronts. […]
September 24, 2019

Combining cardio, resistance training best for breast cancer patients, study suggests

Despite confirming that benefits of exercise for breast cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy wear off quickly once they stop, a new University of Alberta study also showed that patients prescribed a training regimen with a resistance-training component were more likely to continue exercising once their treatment ended. In the study, led by U […]
September 24, 2019

Onions and garlic may be recipe for reducing breast cancer risk

Onions and garlic are key ingredients in sofrito, a condiment that’s a staple of Puerto Rican cuisine. They may also be a recipe for reducing the risk of breast cancer. That’s according to the findings of a study led by University at Buffalo and University of Puerto Rico researchers. It’s […]
September 24, 2019

New family of drugs which could combat prostate cancer identified at University of Bath

A new family of drugs which inhibit the activity of a protein associated with prostate and other cancers has been reported by scientists from the University of Bath. They provide a promising avenue for research to potentially develop new therapies to treat a range of cancers thanks to the design […]
September 24, 2019

Probes shed new light on Alzheimer’s cause

Rice University researchers have found a way to track the formation of soluble amyloid beta peptide aggregates implicated in the onset of Alzheimer’s disease. The Rice lab of Angel Martí reported its development of a ruthenium-based fluorescent complex that binds to soluble, oligomeric amyloid beta peptides. As the peptides come together to form the […]
September 24, 2019

Light-activated metal catalyst destroys cancer cells' vital energy source

A space-age metal that formed part of the asteroid that destroyed the dinosaurs could provide a new method of treating cancer tumours selectively using light. Scientists at the University of Warwick in collaboration with colleagues in China, France, Switzerland and Heriot-Watt University have developed a technique that uses light to […]
September 23, 2019

Bathroom Scale Could Monitor Millions with Heart Failure

“Good morning. Bill. Please. Step onto the scale. Touch the metal pads.” The device records an electrocardiogram from Bill’s fingers and – more importantly – circulation pulsing that makes his body subtly bob up and down on the scale. Machine learning tools compute that Bill’s heart failure symptoms have worsened. […]
September 23, 2019

Two Studies Show Promise, Safety of Proton Therapy in the Brain in Children with Cancer

From improving outcomes in children with brain cancer to lowering the risk of damage to the brainstem in children with central nervous system tumors, a pair of new studies published today add to the growing body of research showing the potential benefits of proton therapy. The first study, published in Pediatric […]
September 23, 2019

Basic Cell Discovery Could Lead to Improved Drugs for Heart Failure

Michigan Medicine researchers determine that receptors inside heart cells could be targets for better beta blockers. Beta blockers are versatile drugs that have been around since the 1960s that can help slow heart rate and lower blood pressure – a fact that isn’t lost on certain musical soloists who take them […]
September 23, 2019

Capturing cancer cells in 3-D

What makes cancer so deadly is its ability to spread, a process called metastasis. This doesn’t take place on a flat surface like a petri dish; it happens in the 3-D world of the human body. Stopping or even slowing it holds promise for extending the lives of cancer patients. […]
September 23, 2019

A Child’s Shattered Chromosomes Illustrate the Value of Supportive Therapies

To a trained eye, the chromosome chart (karyotype) above has 4 irregularities, circled in red. They’re chromosome pairs of uneven size. The chromosomes represent genetic material missing or extra, but also a beautiful girl. Her father contacted me after he read my recent post about a friend’s child with a rare mutation […]
September 20, 2019

Eisai and Meiji Announce Parkinson's Disease Treatment Equfina Tablets (Safinamide Mesilate) Approved In Japan

Eisai Co., Ltd. and Meiji Seika Pharma Co., Ltd. has announced the manufacturing and marketing approval in Japan for the indication of improvement of wearing-off phenomenon in patients with Parkinson's disease under treatment with a drug containing levodopa for Equfina TABLETS (safinamide mesilate, “safinamide”), which was developed for use in […]
September 20, 2019

Heart Function: Built to Endure

Major physical changes occurred in the human heart as people shifted from hunting and foraging to farming and modern life. As a result, human hearts are now less “apelike” and better suited to endurance types of activity. But that also means those who lead sedentary lives are at greater risk for […]
September 20, 2019

Brain tumors form synapses with healthy neurons, Stanford-led study finds

Scientists at the Stanford University School of Medicine have shown for the first time that severe brain cancers integrate into the brain’s wiring. The tumors, called high-grade gliomas, form synapses that hijack electrical signals from healthy nerve cells to drive their own growth. Experiments demonstrated that interrupting these signals with an existing […]
September 20, 2019

Antibody “road block” enables fine-tuning for cardiac recovery, decreases risk of heart failure

More than one million Americans per year experience myocardial infarction, commonly known as a heart attack, as well as the healing and rebuilding phase that begins shortly thereafter – a complicated process which involves remodeling and repairing the heart. This process is known as the granulation phase and is critical […]
September 20, 2019

Study gives the green light to the fruit fly’s color preference

For more than a century, the humble and ubiquitous fruit fly has helped scientists shed light on human genetics, disease, and behavior. Now a new study by University of Miami researchers reveals that the tiny, winged insects have an innate time- and color-dependent preference for light, raising the intriguing possibility […]
September 20, 2019

Cancer cells turn to cannibalism to survive chemotherapy

Researchers from Tulane University School of Medicine have discovered that some cancer cells survive chemotherapy by eating their neighboring tumor cells. The study, which was published in the Journal of Cell Biology, suggests that this act of cannibalism provides these cancer cells with the energy they need to stay alive and initiate tumor […]
September 19, 2019

Early maternal anemia tied to intellectual disability, ADHD and autism

The timing of anemia—a common condition in late pregnancy—can make a big difference for the developing fetus, according to research at Karolinska Institutet published in JAMA Psychiatry. The researchers found a link between early anemia and increased risk of autism, ADHD and intellectual disability in the child. Anemia discovered toward […]
September 19, 2019

Multi-institutional team to study effects of age, gender on brain injury mechanics

Traumatic brain injury and chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) have become common in athletes who suffer repeated blows to the head. Most recently, former New England Patriots tight end Rob Gronkowski revealed that he had sustained about 20 concussions during his nine-year career in the National Football League. Now, a team […]
September 19, 2019

Regulatory heft needed to curb false promises on stem cells, says health law expert

The legal and regulatory tools designed to protect the public from the marketing of unproven stem cell therapies will remain ineffective without bureaucratic will and grassroots efforts, according to a University of Alberta health law expert. “There's this perception that stem cells are revolutionizing science and they have transformed medicine […]
September 19, 2019

Study points to new drug target in fight against cancer

Researchers have identified a potential new drug target in the fight against cancer. In a study in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, an international team of researchers describe how a cancer-linked version of the protein mitoNEET can close the primary gateways in the outer surface of mitochondria, the “power plants” […]
September 19, 2019

Testing chemicals for birth defects using stem cells, not mice

Researchers at the University of California, Riverside, are part of an ambitious plan at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, or EPA, to eliminate animal testing by 2035. Their contribution: developing a way to test whether chemicals cause musculoskeletal birth defects using lab-grown human tissue, not live animals. Nicole zur Nieden, an […]
September 19, 2019

Once-common hysterectomy technique linked to worse uterine cancer outcomes

Every year, nearly 700,000 American women have surgery to remove their uterus (hysterectomy) or uterine fibroids (myomectomy). A laparoscopic surgical technique once commonly used in these procedures could be worsening the outcomes for women who have undiagnosed uterine cancer at the time of the procedure, reports a Yale-led study in the […]
September 18, 2019

A curiosity driven genetic discovery that should impact cancer treatments

A team of geneticists with a desire to understand the inner workings of genes implicated in cellular identity has discovered new biological targets that may help devise alternative therapies for cancers that are becoming resistant to existing drugs. First discovered in fruit flies, Polycomb genes were initially studied due to their essential […]
September 18, 2019

Researchers build microscopic biohybrid robots propelled by muscles, nerves

Researchers have developed soft robotic devices driven by neuromuscular tissue that triggers when stimulated by light – bringing mechanical engineering one step closer to developing autonomous biobots. In 2014, research teams led by mechanical science and engineering professor Taher Saif and bioengineering professor Rashid Bashir at the University of Illinois worked together to developed the first self-propelled biohybrid swimming and walking biobots […]
September 18, 2019

Eating cheese may offset blood vessel damage from salt?

Cheese lovers, rejoice. Antioxidants naturally found in cheese may help protect blood vessels from damage from high levels of salt in the diet, according to a new Penn State study. In a randomized, crossover design study, the researchers found that when adults consumed a high-sodium diet, they also experienced blood […]
September 18, 2019

It takes a community to lower cardiovascular risk

Concerted effort by friends, family and non-physician health workers can make a dramatic difference in reducing the risk factors for heart problems in patients with hypertension, an international study by Hamilton researchers has found. People with new or poorly controlled hypertension given an integrated and comprehensive intervention by non-physician health […]
September 18, 2019

Cardiovascular disease leading cause of death world-wide, but cancer rising cause in rich countries: Study

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the major cause of death among middle-aged adults around the world; however, in high-income countries deaths from cancer have become twice as frequent as those from CVD. The findings come from the first large prospective international study documenting the frequency of common diseases and death rates […]
September 18, 2019

CRISPR patent portfolio now at 14 and counting for University of California

The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) today awarded the University of California (UC), University of Vienna and Emmanuelle Charpentier a patent for CRISPR-Cas9 that, along with two others awarded this month, brings the team’s comprehensive portfolio of gene-editing patents to 14. The newest patent, U.S. 10,415,061, covers compositions comprising […]