Related Science News – Page 13 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

December 21, 2018

Researchers restore breathing and partial forelimb function in rats with chronic spinal cord injuries

Millions of people worldwide are living with chronic spinal cord injuries, with 250,000 to 500,000 new cases each year—most from vehicle crashes or falls. The most severe spinal cord injuries completely paralyze their victims and more than half impair a person’s ability to breathe. Now, a breakthrough study published in Nature […]
December 21, 2018

First Oral Immunotherapy for Peanut Allergy Gets Closer to FDA Vote

After learning their son Andrew had a serious peanut allergy, Jennifer and Daniel Ayala did everything they could to protect him, from becoming master label readers to sending him to birthday parties with his own treats. Still, there were times Andrew accidentally ingested peanut, most often from an outside food […]
December 21, 2018

Genome Offers Clues to Esophageal Cancer Disparity

A change in the genome of Caucasians could explain much higher rates of the most common type of esophageal cancer in this population, a new study finds. It suggests a possible target for prevention strategies, which preliminary work suggests could involve flavonoids derived from cranberries. Flavonoids are a class of […]
December 21, 2018

Study finds elevated risk of certain rare blood cancers after chemotherapy for most solid tumors

Findings from a new study by researchers at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) show that patients treated with chemotherapy for most solid tumors during 2000–2014 experienced an increased risk of therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome/acute myeloid leukemia (tMDS/AML). The study, which used U.S. population-based cancer registry data from NCI’s Surveillance, Epidemiology, and […]
December 21, 2018

Mapping the brain, cell by cell

MIT chemical engineers and neuroscientists have devised a new way to preserve biological tissue, allowing them to visualize proteins, DNA, and other molecules within cells, and to map the connections between neurons. The researchers showed that they could use this method, known as SHIELD, to trace the connections between neurons […]
December 21, 2018

Edging closer to personalized medicine for patients with irregular heartbeat

In 2015, then-President Barack Obama launched a precision medicine initiative, saying that its promise was “delivering the right treatments, at the right time, every time to the right person.” A biomedical engineer at Washington University in St. Louis has answered the call by making a significant step toward precision medicine […]
December 21, 2018

Graduate degree bolsters clinician’s research into preventing blindness

The technology for an eye specialist to review a picture of a patient’s eye taken miles away to screen for eye disease has been around for decades. Yet, less than half of Wisconsin adults with diabetes, who are particularly vulnerable to vision-threatening diseases, get annual eye screenings. Dr. Yao Liu, […]
December 21, 2018

Molecule predicts patient’s ability to survive melanoma

Doctors may be able to assess the survival rates of melanoma patients following the discovery of a molecule that allows the cancer to spread from the skin to other parts of the body. University of Queensland researchers hope that targeting this molecule may offer a way to stop the cancer from […]
December 21, 2018

Lithium might work as an anti-aging drug, depending on your genes

There is growing evidence that lithium could be re-purposed as an anti-aging drug, and a new study from King’s College London suggests that lithium’s protective effects are due to a slowing down of the molecular aging process in cells. The research, published in Neuropsychopharmacology, also finds some individuals may benefit from […]
December 21, 2018

Yale-led team examines impact of diet intervention on autoimmunity in mice

Could a change in diet be beneficial to people with autoimmune diseases such as lupus? A Yale-led team of researchers have revealed how a dietary intervention can help prevent the development of this autoimmune disease in susceptible mice. The study was published in Cell Host & Microbe. For the study, led […]
December 21, 2018

E-bandage generates electricity, speeds wound healing in rats

Skin has a remarkable ability to heal itself. But in some cases, wounds heal very slowly or not at all, putting a person at risk for chronic pain, infection and scarring. Now, researchers have developed a self-powered bandage that generates an electric field over an injury, dramatically reducing the healing […]
December 20, 2018

Regulating the Rapidly Developing Fruit Fly

From birth, it takes humans almost two decades to reach adulthood; for a fruit fly, it takes only about 10 days. During a fly embryo's initial stages of development, the insect looks different from minute to minute, and its body plan is defined in just a few hours. Caltech researchers […]
December 20, 2018

2,000 human brains yield clues to how genes raise risk for mental illnesses

Artificial intelligence model improves prediction six-fold. It’s one thing to detect sites in the genome associated with mental disorders; it’s quite another to discover the biological mechanisms by which these changes in DNA work in the human brain to boost risk. In their first concerted effort to tackle the latter, […]
December 20, 2018

Finding the first male chromosome

Experts studying the evolutionary differentiation of organisms into male and female sexes have identified a very small sex chromosomal region called “OSU” in the first male-like green alga. They found OSU by comparing the whole genome sequences of two different types of algae from immediately before and after the evolution […]
December 20, 2018

What prevents remyelination in the brain? New stem cell research reveals a critical culprit

New research on remyelination, the spontaneous regeneration of the brain’s fatty insulator that keeps neurons communicating, could lead to a novel approach to developing treatments for multiple sclerosis (MS) and other inflammatory diseases. The pre-clinical findings published in Cell Reports by a University at Buffalo team reveal that activation of a specific […]
December 20, 2018

HPV discovery raises hope for new cervical cancer treatments

Researchers at the University of Virginia School of Medicine have made a discovery about human papillomavirus, or HPV for short, that could lead to new treatments for cervical cancer and other cancers caused by the virus. HPV is responsible for nearly all cases of cervical cancer and 95 percent of anal cancers. It is the most common […]
December 20, 2018

Alzheimer’s disease: ‘A Three-Player Game’

Among the major challenges of studying Alzheimer’s disease and other dementia-related brain disorders: modeling and replicating the biological structures that play a huge role in those conditions. The pathological version of the tau protein, which is responsible for the neurofibrillary tangles present in the brains of those with any of […]
December 20, 2018

FSU researchers identify ways breast cancer avoids immune system detection

Recent breakthroughs in immunotherapy are making a huge difference in treating some forms of cancer, especially metastatic cancer. But breast cancer has proven a tricky foe for this new therapy, and an interdisciplinary team of FSU researchers is now a little bit closer to figuring out why. Associate Professor of […]
December 20, 2018

Study: Selfish genes can act as both makers, breakers of species

A selfish streak in genes known to drive species apart might occasionally bring them closer together, says a new study from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln and University of Rochester. Though the vast majority of genes are essential to organisms’ survival and reproduction, some selfishly turn against their counterparts to improve […]
December 19, 2018

Newly identified enzyme could play key role in childbirth and muscle diseases, Stanford scientists say

Since the 1960s, scientists have known of a modification that occurs to a particular molecule in muscles, especially after exercise. What scientists haven’t known is how that modification happens, or even why. Now, in a serendipitous finding that started with seemingly unrelated work in viral infections, a team of Stanford […]
December 19, 2018

Polycystic ovary syndrome might spell trouble for middle-aged women

Women with polycystic ovary syndrome develop metabolic syndrome earlier than women without the condition—likely putting them at higher risk of developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease, according to a new study by the University of Michigan. Unlike other studies that examined polycystic ovary syndrome and metabolic syndrome at only one point […]
December 19, 2018

New, dual-function vaccine design

University of Tokyo researchers developed a novel approach to boost the effectiveness of a new type of vaccine. This approach is expected to be highly adaptable and boost the potential applications of new vaccines for personalized immunotherapy for cancer and prevention of emerging or re-emerging infectious diseases. Until now, so-called […]
December 19, 2018

Growing a brain

Scientists identified two distinct control mechanisms in the developmental transition of undifferentiated stem cells into healthy brain cells. This fundamental research using mice may inform regenerative medicine treatments for neurodegenerative diseases and spinal cord injuries, in the future. When an embryo develops, stem cells differentiate into all the types of […]
December 19, 2018

Sex Chromosomes Hold the Secret to Female Longevity

Around the world, women outlive men. This is true in sickness and in health, in war and in peace, even during severe epidemics and famine. In most animal species, females live longer than males. Now, scientists at UC San Francisco have zeroed in on a possible genetic mechanism for this […]
December 19, 2018

Sugar targets gut microbe linked to lean and healthy people

Sugar can silence a key protein required for colonization by a gut bacterium associated with lean and healthy individuals, according to a new Yale study published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA. The gut microbiota plays a key role in human health, and its […]
December 19, 2018

Possible biomarker for multiple sclerosis identified

A biomarker for multiple sclerosis has been identified in humans by researchers at Purdue University and the Indiana University School of Medicine. A biomarker for multiple sclerosis that could be an early warning for the disease has shown promise in both human and animal testing. Researchers at Purdue University and […]
December 18, 2018

Metabolic syndrome increases risk of pregnancy complications

Research led by the University of Adelaide shows that metabolic syndrome in pregnant women increases their risk for pregnancy complications including preeclampsia and gestational diabetes by 2-4 times. Published in the journal PLOS Medicine the research assessed maternal metabolic health at 15 weeks’ gestation in 5530 women in the international […]
December 18, 2018

Teens get more sleep, show improved grades and attendance with later school start time, researchers find

When Seattle Public Schools announced that it would reorganize school start times across the district for the fall of 2016, the massive undertaking took more than a year to deploy. Elementary schools started earlier, while most middle and all of the district’s 18 high schools shifted their opening bell almost an hour later — […]
December 18, 2018

The 'Graying' of T Cells

The elderly suffer more serious complications from infections and benefit less from vaccination than the general population. Scientists have long known that a weakened immune system is to blame but the exact mechanisms behind this lagging immunity have remained largely unknown. Now research led by investigators at Harvard Medical School […]
December 18, 2018

NIH scientists find that breast cancer protection from pregnancy starts decades later

In general, women who have had children have a lower risk of breast cancer compared to women who have never given birth. However, new research has found that moms don’t experience this breast cancer protection until many years later and may face elevated risk for more than 20 years after […]