Related Science News

July 19, 2019

More cancer patients get help to quit smoking

When patients who smoke begin cancer treatment at Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis — or at any of Siteman’s satellite locations — they also now receive advice about quitting smoking, referrals to easy-access smoking-cessation services and, if suitable, prescriptions for medications that […]
July 19, 2019

Omega-6 fatty acid could help prevent heart disease

An omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid has the potential to help fight heart disease, finds a new study by researchers at Cardiff University in collaboration with Ben-Gurion University of the Negev. With funding from the British Heart Foundation, the team found that dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA), an omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid, could […]
July 18, 2019

Unmasking mutant cancer cells

As cancer cells progress, they accumulate hundreds and even thousands of genetic and epigenetic changes, resulting in protein expression profiles that are radically different from that of healthy cells. But despite their heavily mutated proteome, cancer cells can evade recognition and attack by the immune system. Immunotherapies, particularly checkpoint inhibitors […]
July 18, 2019

Eisai Presents Research Evaluating Correlation of Highly-Precisely Measured Amyloid Beta in Plasma and Cerebrospinal Fluid

Eisai Co.,Ltd. announced its latest research on evaluation about correlation of amyloid beta (Abeta) in plasma and in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) by high precision measurement with the newly developed automated protein assay system, jointly developed with Sysmex Corporation, using fullautomated immunoassay system HISCLTM(1) series for creating the simplified diagnosis of […]
July 18, 2019

Can We Separate Living Longer From Living Healthier?

Aging research indicates that better healthspan—the quality of life as we age—may be more important than lifespan. In a report published in Nature Communications, a surprising new genetic discovery by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and UPMC Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh suggests that there may be molecular switches that control […]
July 18, 2019

Using Marijuana to Treat Glaucoma

Marijuana increased in popularity in the mid-1970s when there was interest in cannabinoids for reduction in intraocular pressure (IOP), which is the fluid pressure inside the eye. Now, its usage has increased due to its pleasure-inducing side effects, and behind tobacco, alcohol and caffeine, it is the most widely used […]
July 18, 2019

Can gut infection trigger Parkinson’s disease?

A new study by Montreal scientists published today in Nature demonstrates that a gut infection can lead to a pathology resembling Parkinson’s disease (PD) in a mouse model lacking a gene linked to the human disease. This discovery extends recent work by the same group suggesting that PD has a […]
July 18, 2019

Multiple Sclerosis Attacks Brain’s ‘Projection Neurons’

Brain damage associated with multiple sclerosis (MS) specifically targets a common class of brain cells called projection neurons, according to a new international study by scientists at UC San Francisco, Cambridge University, and the University of Heidelberg. MS is a progressive neurodegenerative disease of the brain and spinal cord that […]
July 17, 2019

Eisai's Anticancer Agent Halaven Approved for Treatment of Locally Advanced or Metastatic Breast Cancer in China

Eisai has received a New Drug Approval for its in-house developed anticancer agent Halaven (eribulin mesylate) for use in the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer, previously treated with at least two prior chemotherapy regimens, including an anthracycline and a taxane, from the China National Medical […]
July 17, 2019

Resistance training can relieve menopause discomfort

Resistance training two to three times a week can reduce hot flushes and night sweats in post-menopausal women, according to a Linköping University study. This is the first study ever to investigate the relationship between resistance training and menopause discomfort. Some previous research has shown certain relationships between general exercise […]
July 17, 2019

https://today.uconn.edu/2019/07/common-steroid-soften-tumors-chemo/

A common drug used to alleviate side effects of cancer treatment may also make the treatment more successful if given beforehand, report a consortium of research institutions including the University of Connecticut. Dexamethasone, a steroid often given to decrease swelling and nausea, and relieve side effects of chemotherapy treatments for […]
July 17, 2019

OSU researcher expands research into deadly muscle-wasting syndrome

An Oregon State University scientist has received a $2.3 million, five-year grant to build on his promising research into a debilitating muscle-wasting syndrome that kills as many as 30% of the cancer patients it afflicts. Oleh Taratula of the OSU College of Pharmacy will use the award from the National […]
July 17, 2019

Cancer Device Created at Rutgers to See if Targeted Chemotherapy is Working

Rutgers researchers have created a device that can determine whether targeted chemotherapy drugs are working on individual cancer patients. The portable device, which uses artificial intelligence and biosensors, is up to 95.9 percent accurate in counting live cancer cells when they pass through electrodes, according to a study in the journal Microsystems […]
July 17, 2019

HIV Persists in Spinal Fluid, Linked to Cognition Problems

Even after nearly a decade of strict HIV treatment, cells sheltering the virus could be found in the cerebrospinal fluid of half of participants in a national clinical trial of people living with HIV. Moreover, those participants had a higher likelihood of cognitive deficits than their peers without cells harboring […]
July 16, 2019

HIIT is great at reducing the risk of age-related dementia

Dementia is a daunting condition, which is in the cards for many. It is caused by a variety of factors and can be attributed to several different diseases. With our population ageing rapidly, more and more people will be suffering from dementia in the near future. But what can we […]
July 16, 2019

‘Magnetic’ air pollution putting city dwellers at risk of heart disease

The hearts of people living in highly polluted urban areas could be up to ten times more polluted than those living in places with cleaner air, putting them at increased risk of heart disease, according to new research. Scientists, led by Professors Barbara Maher of Lancaster University and Lilian Calderón-Garcidueñas […]
July 16, 2019

Healthy blood vessels may be the answer to Alzheimer’s prevention

USC research into Alzheimer’s — which will be on display at the upcoming Alzheimer’s Association International Conference — has uncovered much about the disease, including establishing a link between cardiovascular health and a fully functioning brain. If you’re worried about Alzheimer’s disease, your best shot at prevention could be maintaining […]
July 16, 2019

Healthy lifestyle may offset genetic risk of dementia

Living a healthy lifestyle may help offset a person’s genetic risk of dementia, according to new research. The study was led by the University of Exeter – simultaneously published in JAMA and presented at the Alzheimer’s Association International Conference 2019 in Los Angeles. The research found that the risk of dementia […]
July 16, 2019

Targeting a key protein may keep ovarian cancer cells from spreading

Preventing a protein from doing its job may keep a certain type of ovarian cancer cell from growing and dividing uncontrollably in the lab, according to a new study from Penn State College of Medicine. In a study with cell cultures, the researchers identified the protein as a potential therapeutic target for high-grade […]
July 16, 2019

New study discovers genetic changes linked to leukaemia in children with Down’s syndrome

Researchers at the University of Oxford, in collaboration with colleagues from Hannover Medical School and Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, have discovered the specific gene mutations that are required for the development of leukaemia in children with Down’s syndrome. Children with Down’s syndrome have a 150-fold increased risk of myeloid leukaemia, and while […]
July 16, 2019

New ALS biomarkers, potential new drug targets described by researchers

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS, is an adult-onset neurodegenerative disease that causes paralysis and ultimately death when the nerves enervating the lungs cease to carry the signals needed for breathing. The disease has what is called a “focal onset,” where paralysis starts with an arm or a leg and spreads […]
July 15, 2019

New vaccine strategy boosts T-cell therapy

A promising new way to treat some types of cancer is to program the patient’s own T cells to destroy the cancerous cells. This approach, termed CAR-T cell therapy, is now used to combat some types of leukemia, but so far it has not worked well against solid tumors such […]
July 15, 2019

Southampton scientists make breakthrough in search for future drugs for age-related blindness

University of Southampton researchers have developed an innovative solution to treating sight loss in old age. Led by Professors Andrew Lotery, Jessica Teeling and Dr Arjuna Ratnayaka, the study has been able to replicate important features of dry age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in mice. These mice quickly develop damage in their retinas similar to […]