Related Science News – Page 69 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

August 14, 2020

Study Suggests New Potential Approach Against Fatal Childhood Brain Cancer

Progress against DIPG, a fatal childhood brain tumor, is usually a game of inches. Studies that hint at even small gains are cause for celebration. That’s why researchers at the University of Michigan and their collaborators are excited about discoveries that point toward a new potential treatment approach — one […]
August 14, 2020

Aspirin Caution

The results of a recent clinical trial indicate that, for older adults with advanced cancer, initiating aspirin therapy may increase their risk of disease progression and early death. Notably, the vast majority of the study participants did not previously take aspirin before age 70. The study, conducted by Harvard Medical […]
August 14, 2020

Exercise Enhancement

Loss of a specific enzyme increases fat metabolism and exercise endurance in mice. Sugars and fats are the primary fuels that power every cell, tissue, and organ. For most cells, sugar is the energy source of choice, but when nutrients are scarce, such as during starvation or extreme exertion, cells […]
August 13, 2020

Research captures how human sperm swim in 3D

Using state-of-the-art 3D microscopy and mathematics, Dr. Hermes Gadêlha from the University of Bristol, Dr. Gabriel Corkidi, and Dr. Alberto Darszon from the Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico have reconstructed the movement of the sperm tail in 3D with high-precision. Using a high-speed camera capable of recording over 8,000 frames […]
August 13, 2020

Unlocking how cellular proteins control cancer spread

A new insight into cell signals that control cancer growth and migration could help in the search for effective anti-cancer drugs. A McGill-led study reveals key biochemical processes that advance our understanding of colorectal cancer, the third most common cancer among Canadians. Using the CMCF beamline at the Canadian Light Source (CLS) […]
August 13, 2020

Study reveals immune-system deviations in severe COVID-19 cases

Some people get really sick from COVID-19, and others don’t. Nobody knows why. Now, a study by investigators at the Stanford University School of Medicine and other institutions has turned up immunological deviations and lapses that appear to spell the difference between severe and mild cases of COVID-19. That difference may stem […]
August 13, 2020

Oxygen Therapy Harms Lung Microbiome in Mice

One of the hallmarks of severe COVID-19 is shortness of breath and significantly reduced levels of oxygen in the blood, called hypoxemia. Upon hospitalization, these patients are administered oxygen in an attempt to bring their levels back up to normal. However, a new study hints that this universal therapy may […]
August 13, 2020

Prostate Cancer Treatment Might Help Some Glioblastoma Patients

Anti-androgens are known to increase the effectiveness of radiation therapy for prostate cancer patients, helping to slow the rate at which cancer can repair DNA damage caused by the treatment. Could the same strategy work against glioblastoma, an aggressive brain cancer that quickly grows resistant to radiation? Research led by […]
August 13, 2020

World's First Development and Demonstration of a Quantum Cryptographic Communication Technology Applied System for Genomic Medicine

Toshiba Corporation (TOKYO: 6502), Tohoku University Tohoku Medical Megabank Organization (ToMMo) and Tohoku University Hospital have demonstrated that quantum cryptographic communications technology can provide genomic medicine with a safe, completely secure data management environment. This was achieved by (1) developing a system which applies quantum cryptographic communications technology to clinical […]
August 13, 2020

Should we sequence newborns’ DNA? The answer is complicated, study finds

Many adults seek genetic counseling or opt to send samples of their saliva to different companies, to find out if the specific patterns in their DNA may put them at higher risk for developing the disease. But many doctors and scientists — including National Institutes of Health Director Francis Collins […]
August 13, 2020

Perfectly Balanced: The Yin and Yang of Inflammation Controlled By A Single Molecule

Penn Study Reveals A Molecular Mechanism That Helps The Body Mount Perfectly Balanced Responses to Deadly Infections. Researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania have now identified a protein called histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3) as the orchestrator of the immune system’s inflammation response to infection. […]
August 13, 2020

TAU Scientists Successfully Reduce Metastatic Spread Following Tumor Removal Surgery

A research group from Tel Aviv University (TAU) successfully reduced metastatic spread following tumor removal surgery in colorectal cancer patients. Using a short medication treatment around the time of the surgery, the researchers were able to reduce body stress responses and physiological inflammation during this critical period, preventing the development of metastases […]
August 13, 2020

Immunotherapy-resistant cancers eliminated in mouse study

Immunotherapy has revolutionized cancer treatment by stimulating the patient’s own immune system to attack cancer cells, yielding remarkably quick and complete remission in some cases. But such drugs work for less than a quarter of patients because tumors are notoriously adept at evading an immune assault. A new study in […]
August 13, 2020

Brain’s Ability to Rewire Itself is Connected to Gene Expression

From birth, the normal human brain rewires itself in response to sensory stimulation from the outside world. To put it simply, it does this by strengthening the connections between certain brain cells through a junction called a synapse. The brain’s ability to change in this way is known as synaptic […]
August 13, 2020

Plant-based meat lowers some cardiovascular risk factors compared with red meat

A diet that includes an average of two servings of plant-based meat alternatives lowers some cardiovascular risk factors compared with a diet that instead includes the same amount of animal meat, Stanford Medicine scientists found. Swapping out red meat for plant-based meat alternatives can lower some cardiovascular risk factors, according […]
August 12, 2020

Are Your Gums Saying Something About Your Dementia Risk?

Gum disease, especially the kind that is irreversible and causes tooth loss, may be associated with mild cognitive impairment and dementia 20 years later, according to a study published in the July 29, 2020, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. “We looked at […]
August 12, 2020

Young nearsighted kids benefit from bifocal contact lenses, study shows

Bifocal contact lenses aren’t just for aging eyes anymore. In nearsighted kids as young as 7 years old, multifocal contact lenses with a heavy dose of added reading power can dramatically slow further progression of myopia, new research has found. In the three-year clinical trial of almost 300 children, a […]
August 12, 2020

U of T researchers discover how to get more cancer-fighting nanoparticles to where they're needed

Researchers in the University of Toronto's Faculty of Applied Science & Engineering have discovered a dose threshold that greatly increases the delivery of cancer-fighting drugs into a tumour. The findings, published recently in the journal Nature Materials, provide a potentially universal method for gauging nanoparticle dosage and could help advance a new generation […]
August 12, 2020

Researchers target immune system to treat rare cancer

A genetic diagnosis led to the successful treatment of a 52-year old man, guiding immune therapy for his rare cancer and providing relief after a lifetime of unexplained immune symptoms. Researchers led by A/Prof Tri Phan at the Garvan Institute of Medical Research, analyzed the genome of Sydney man Michael, […]
August 12, 2020

New Molecular Signaling Mechanism Determining Repair Pathways of DNA Double-Strand Breaks

A research team of Prof. Bae Jee-hyeon of College of Pharmacy and Prof. Lee Kang-seok, Kim Keun-pil and Kim Han-yong of Department of Life Science has identified a molecular signaling mechanism that determines the repair pathways of DNA double-strand breaks (DSB) causing serious damage to genomes. The research results were […]
August 12, 2020

Researchers discover how genome controls early human development

A team led by scientists from The University of Manchester has discovered how our genome controls the development of many of the organs critical to human life. The study, published in Nature Communications, casts crucial light on the little-understood stretches of DNA that sit between genes. The work will help scientists […]
August 11, 2020

Should You Really Be Behind the Wheel After Concussion?

Even after all of their symptoms are gone, people who have had a concussion take longer to regain complex reaction times, the kind you need in most real-life driving situations on the road, according to a preliminary study released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's […]
August 11, 2020

Aging memories may not be ‘worse,’ just ‘different’

“Memory is the first thing to go.” Everyone has heard it, and decades of research studies seem to confirm it: While it may not always be the first sign of aging, some faculties, including memory, do get worse as people age. It may not be that straightforward. Zachariah Reagh, assistant […]
August 10, 2020

SFU chemist’s new process fast-tracks drug treatments for viral infections and cancer

Discovering antiviral and anticancer drugs will soon be faster and cheaper thanks to new research from SFU chemist Robert Britton and his international team. For the past 50 years, scientists have used manmade, synthetic, nucleoside analogues to create drug therapies for diseases that involve the cellular division and/or the viral […]
August 10, 2020

Malignant cancer diagnosed in a dinosaur for the first time

Researchers at McMaster University and the Royal Ontario Museum (ROM) have reported  the discovery and diagnosis of an aggressive malignant bone cancer — an osteosarcoma — for the first time ever in a dinosaur. No malignant cancers—tumours that can spread throughout the body and have severe health implications—have ever been […]
August 10, 2020

What Factors Help Predict Who Will Keep Their Memory into Their 90s?

Why do some people stay sharp into their 90s, even if they have the amyloid plaques in the brain that are associated with Alzheimer’s disease? And why do others reach their 90s without ever developing any plaques? These questions are explored in a new study published in the July 22, […]
August 10, 2020

Blood test could predict who will benefit from immunotherapy, researchers find

A test that detects changing levels of tumour fragments in the blood may be an easy, non-invasive and quick way to predict who will benefit from immunotherapy, University of Toronto researchers say. Immunotherapy can shrink tumours and prolong survival for patients for whom other treatments have failed. But it only helps […]
August 10, 2020

Promising new treatment of advanced skin cancer

A new type of immunotherapy for the skin cancer malignant melanoma shows promising results. Three severely ill patients are now long-term survivors. The study, published in OncoImmunology, is the result of a collaboration between researchers at Karolinska Institutet and Karolinska University Hospital. “Immunotherapy is based on activation of the body's […]
August 10, 2020

Diabetes medication could help reducing one of the worst effects of aging

Aging is just not fun. At the later stages of your life you are more likely to encounter some serious health problems, such as Alzheimer’s disease. Once you hear this diagnosis, you know you’re in for a bad ending, because it is incurable. However, now scientists at the University of […]
August 9, 2020

Precision Medicine Identifies Key Recurring Mutation in Head and Neck Cancer

Head and neck cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths worldwide, and squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) account for the majority of these cases. In a new study, based on preclinical research and published in Molecular Cancer Therapeutics, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research, researchers […]