Related Science News – Page 80 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

June 11, 2021

Living Therapeutics Initiative Will Accelerate Development and Delivery of Revolutionary Treatments

UC San Francisco is launching a new initiative to propel the development of living therapeutics – a category of treatments broadly defined as human and microbial living cells that are selected, modified, or engineered to treat or cure disease – and bring them quickly to patients. The Living Therapeutics Initiative (LTI) will […]
June 11, 2021

Uncovering how low-protein diets might reprogram metabolism

In 2014, Dudley Lamming was reading a study out of Australia that looked at how mice responded to dozens of controlled diets when one thing caught his attention: The mice fed the least amount of protein were the healthiest. “That was really interesting because it goes against a lot of health information that people […]
June 10, 2021

Chimeric tool advanced for wide range of regenerative medicine, biomedical research applications

The findings on cellular communication hold promise for early human development, disease progression and aging, as well as organ transplantation and for testing therapeutics. The ability to grow the cells of one species within an organism of a different species offers scientists a powerful tool for research and medicine. It’s […]
June 10, 2021

Nanorobots could target cancers and clear blood clots

Tiny nano-sized robots and vehicles that can navigate through blood vessels to reach the site of a disease could be used to deliver drugs to tumours that are otherwise difficult to treat. Once injected or swallowed, most drugs rely upon the movement of body fluids to find their way around […]
June 10, 2021

How brain cells repair their DNA reveals “hot spots” of aging and disease

Salk scientists reveal new insights into neurodegenerative disorders and potential for genetic therapies. Neurons lack the ability to replicate their DNA, so they’re constantly working to repair damage to their genome. Now, a new study by Salk scientists finds that these repairs are not random, but instead focus on protecting […]
June 10, 2021

Injectable microspheres one day will heal damaged hearts

More people survive heart attacks now than ever before. And that is great news, even though these people continue living with damaged hearts. Scientists at UCL are working on new methods to repair them. One of the more promising techniques would be a stem cell therapy to repair damaged tissues. […]
June 10, 2021

A new technique for correcting disease-causing mutations

Gene editing, or purposefully changing a gene’s DNA sequence, is a powerful tool for studying how mutations cause disease, and for making changes in an individual’s DNA for therapeutic purposes. A novel method of gene editing that can be used for both purposes has now been developed by a team […]
June 10, 2021

Neurological symptoms are common even in mild cases of COVID-19

Most people who had COVID-19 experienced a mild case of the disease. This made other people less afraid to contract COVID-19, because they started thinking that it is more of an annoyance rather than an actual health concern. However, as this new study from UCL has shown, even mild cases […]
June 10, 2021

Researchers develop antibody drug that could treat diabetic retinopathy

The life-saving diabetic medication insulin, developed at the University of Toronto 100 years ago, was the first biologic therapy – a protein to treat disease. Now, a new biologic therapy developed by U of T researchers has the potential to reverse a common diabetes complication. A team led by Stéphane Angers, professor […]
June 10, 2021

New insight into biosynthesis and architecture of photosynthetic membranes in bacteria

A new study conducted by the researchers at the University of Liverpool reveals how the ancient photosynthetic organisms – cyanobacteria – evolve their photosynthetic machinery and organise their photosynthetic membrane architecture for the efficient capture of solar light and energy transduction. Oxygenic photosynthesis, carried out by plants, algae, and cyanobacteria, […]
June 10, 2021

Smokers needed angioplasty and stenting a decade before non-smokers

Smokers needed their blocked arteries fixed nearly a decade earlier than non-smokers, and patients with obesity underwent these procedures four years earlier than non-obese patients, according to a new statewide study. The research included patients without a history of heart attack who were treated at hospitals across Michigan participating in BMC2, […]
June 10, 2021

Can cannabis help with arthritis? U of A team funded by Alberta Innovates to develop decision tool for patients and health-care providers

An interdisciplinary team of researchers at the University of Alberta will develop a cannabis use decision tool for the estimated 20 per cent of Canadians who live with arthritis, thanks to a $300,000 award from Alberta Innovates. People with arthritis are more likely than others to use cannabis for pain, mood […]
June 10, 2021

Protein in prostate cancer may inhibit tumor growth

Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer among men, according to the American Cancer Society. It’s also one of the trickiest cancers to diagnose and treat. But new research from the University of Georgia has identified a protein that appears to prevent cancer from spreading to and colonizing the bone, […]
June 10, 2021

A Breakthrough in the Physics of Blood Clotting

Heart attacks and strokes – the leading causes of death in human beings – are fundamentally blood clots of the heart and brain. Better understanding how the blood-clotting process works and how to accelerate or slow down clotting, depending on the medical need, could save lives. New research by Georgia […]
June 9, 2021

Scientists reveal how brain cells in Alzheimer’s go awry, lose their identity

New technique models brain cells in older patients more accurately than ever before. Despite the prevalence of Alzheimer’s, there are still no treatments, in part because it has been challenging to study how the disease develops. Now, scientists at the Salk Institute have uncovered new insights into what goes awry […]
June 9, 2021

In surprising twist, some Alzheimer’s plaques may be protective, not destructive

Salk scientists find brain’s immune cells form some plaques as a defense in Alzheimer’s, suggesting a new therapeutic direction. One of the characteristic hallmarks of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the buildup of amyloid-beta plaques in the brain. Most therapies designed to treat AD target these plaques, but they’ve largely failed […]
June 9, 2021

High daily intake of caffeine may contribute to glaucoma, but only for some people

Like thousands of other people you may be starting your day with a cup of coffee. Maybe you consume more caffeine as your day goes by. But did you ever think that it might be seriously bad for you? Scientists at UCL found that big doses of daily caffeine may […]
June 9, 2021

New heart metric may improve survival for heart-failure patients, study finds

A new physiological measurement of heart function developed at UVA Health could improve survival for heart-failure patients by identifying high-risk patients who require tailored treatments, a study has found. The study is the first to show a survival benefit from wireless pressure-monitoring sensors implanted in the pulmonary arteries. Pulmonary artery […]
June 9, 2021

To Prevent Delirium, Increase Mobility, Connection and Sleep

Accelerated cognitive decline in patients with and without existing dementia is one of the most disturbing outcomes of hospitalizations for older adults, affecting at least 2.6 million Americans every year. But the condition, known as delirium, is believed to be preventable in up to 40 percent of hospital-acquired cases, and […]
June 9, 2021

How “good” viruses can selectively destroy DNA of “bad” bacteria

A new study from Tel Aviv University (TAU) revealed a mechanism through which “good” viruses can attack the genetic systems of “bad” bacteria, destroying them and blocking their reproduction. The researchers demonstrated that the “good” virus (bacteriophage) is able to block the replication mechanism of the bacteria’s DNA without damaging its own. […]
June 9, 2021

New study showed that COVID-19 produces a strong autoimmune response

COVID-19 causes a big variety of different symptoms and some of them are quite difficult to explain. Now a new University of Birmingham-led study discovered that at least some of those symptoms are due to the body's immune response against its own tissues and organs. This is some important knowledge […]
June 9, 2021

Global travelers pick up numerous genes that promote microbial resistance

Carried like stowaways in the guts of international travelers, new and potentially deadly strains of antimicrobial-resistant superbugs may be coming to a community near you, suggests new research from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. “Even before the COVID-19 pandemic, we knew that international travel was contributing to […]
June 9, 2021

Harnessing healthy behaviors to prevent dementia

A new Alzheimer’s disease drug will hit the market soon, the first in nearly two decades. But some experts say the evidence for it isn’t terribly strong and worry that it may cost a lot. Still, the announcement of its approval by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration made headlines […]
June 9, 2021

Study shows how taking short breaks may help our brains learn new skills

In a study of healthy volunteers, National Institutes of Health researchers have mapped out the brain activity that flows when we learn a new skill, such as playing a new song on the piano, and discovered why taking short breaks from practice is a key to learning. The researchers found […]
June 9, 2021

Researchers Improve Efficiency and Accessibility of CRISPR

One of the most powerful tools available to biologists these days is CRISPR-Cas9, a combination of specialized RNA and protein that acts as a molecular scalpel, allowing researchers to precisely slice and dice pieces of an organism's genetic code. But even though CRISPR-Cas9 technology has offered an unprecedented level of […]
June 9, 2021

Final results of SPRINT study confirm controlling blood-pressure is critically important in preventing heart disease and stroke

Follow-up data from the landmark SPRINT study of the effect of high blood pressure on cardiovascular disease have confirmed that aggressive blood-pressure management—lowering systolic blood pressure to less than 120 mm Hg—dramatically reduces the risk of heart disease, stroke and death from these diseases, as well as death from all […]
June 9, 2021

Scientists develop the ‘evotype’ to help unlock the power of evolution for better engineering biology

Scientists from the University of Bristol have pioneered a new approach to help biological engineers both harness and design the evolutionary potential of new biosystems. Their concept of the ‘evotype’ lays a foundation for the next generation of stable, safe and self-improving biotechnologies. A defining characteristic of all life is […]
June 9, 2021

Cancer a compelling reason to cut alcohol, and drink counting helps

A new study comparing different ways of encouraging people to reduce their alcohol intake has found telling people alcohol causes cancer makes them want to drink less, and encouraging them to count their drinks helps them do it. Lead author Professor Simone Pettigrew from The George Institute for Global Health said that […]
June 8, 2021

How Accurate Are Virtual Assessments of Cognitive Function?

Virtual care provided through telephone or videoconference has been broadly implemented in recent months because of the COVID-19 pandemic. A new analysis of published studies has examined the accuracy and reliability of virtual compared with in-person cognitive assessments for diagnosing dementia or mild cognitive impairment. The analysis, which is published […]
June 8, 2021

Lung cancer’s resistance to chemotherapy reveals new treatment approach

New research at the Garvan Institute of Medical Research and ANZAC Research Institute has uncovered a mechanism that helps lung cancer cells resist standard chemotherapies. A team led by Associate Professor David Croucher and Associate Professor Andrew Burgess found that individual lung adenocarcinoma cells, the most common form of lung […]