Related Science News – Page 112 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

May 14, 2020

Pricey Protocol Not Proven to Prevent or Reverse Alzheimer’s, Says UCSF Neurologist

Promising Research May Have Been Sullied by Shoddy Science. A protocol comprising dietary supplements and lifestyle changes that claim to prevent or reverse Alzheimer’s disease and cognitive decline has drawn media fanfare and critical acclaim from health gurus and even physicians. But the endorsement of these claims is frequently based […]
May 14, 2020

Yale researchers discover how HIV hides from treatment

Even after successful antiretroviral therapy, HIV can hide dormant in a tiny number of immune system cells for decades and re-emerge to threaten the life of its host. Now Yale University researchers have discovered a molecular explanation for how the virus accomplishes this insidious trick, they report in the journal […]
May 13, 2020

Fasting plus vitamin C proves effective for hard-to-treat cancers

A USC study found that a combination of a fasting-mimicking diet plus vitamin C delayed tumor progression and even caused disease regression in mice. Scientists from USC and the IFOM Cancer Institute in Milan have found that a fasting-mimicking diet could be more effective at treating some types of cancer when […]
May 13, 2020

Colour of cells a 'thermometer' for molecular imbalance

An imbalance of unstable molecular species called ‘free radicals’ will change the colour of cells – and a new imaging technique could one day allow scientists to detect and decode this colour without needing to take samples from the body, a new study by UNSW Sydney researchers has found. The […]
May 13, 2020

First Epigenetic Study in 3D Human Cancer Cells

Frequently, promising cancer therapies fail when applied to patients in the real clinical setting. This occurs despite many of these new treatments demonstrating promising results at the preclinical stage in the lab. One explanation is that many of the tumor models used in early research phases are established cell lines […]
May 13, 2020

Our ability to focus may falter after eating one meal high in saturated fat

Fatty food may feel like a friend during these troubled times, but new research suggests that eating just one meal high in saturated fat can hinder our ability to concentrate – not great news for people whose diets have gone south while they’re working at home during the COVID-19 pandemic. […]
May 13, 2020

Could a drug combination prevent people with the eye disease uveitis lose their sight?

Two in 10,000 people are at risk of serious sight loss from a form of eye inflammation known as uveitis. A new clinical research study, led by the University of Bristol and University Hospitals Bristol and Weston NHS Foundation Trust (UHBW), will evaluate a drug combination treatment for the eye […]
May 13, 2020

Mice with patchy coats lay bare how stem cells endure

Whether we like it or not, our hair continually grows. Its regenerative powers reside deep inside each hair follicle, in a cluster of dividing stem cells—some of which will specialize and eventually give rise to new hair while others will produce new stem cells. Scientists have delineated numerous mechanisms that […]
May 13, 2020

Activating an Estrogen Receptor Can Stop Pancreatic Cancer Cells from Growing

Activating the G protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER) – a receptor found on the surface of many normal and cancer tissues – has been shown to stop pancreatic cancer from growing, but may also make tumors more visible to the immune system and thus more susceptible to modern immunotherapy. Researchers at […]
May 13, 2020

Potato power: Spuds serve high quality protein that’s good for women’s muscle

Researchers from McMaster University have found that the potato, primarily known as a starchy vegetable, can be a source of high-quality protein that helps to maintain muscle. The findings, reported in the journal Nutrients, highlight the potential benefits of what is considered a non-traditional source of protein, particularly as dietary […]
May 13, 2020

New imaging tool helps researchers see extent of Alzheimer’s early damage

New imaging technology allows scientists to see the widespread loss of brain synapses in the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease, a finding that one day may help aid in drug development, according to a new Yale University study. The research, published in Alzheimer’s & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer’s […]
May 13, 2020

Study shows how memory function could be preserved after brain injury

UC Riverside-led study identifies role played by an immune signaling molecule in regulating memory function in the normal and injured brain. A study examining the effect of the immune receptor known as Toll-like Receptor 4, or TLR4, on how memory functions in both the normal and injured brain have found […]
May 12, 2020

Many cells make new moves

New research show cells move and interact with each other in a way that is counter to what scientists have always believed. The study, published in the Journal of the Royal Society Interface shows that cell movement actually increases when there are more cells around. “We were quite surprised,” said Alex Browning, a […]
May 12, 2020

Liver surgery success boosted by growth hormone

Growth hormone has been identified as playing a key role in reducing inflammation and increasing survival rates following liver surgery. Researchers at The University of Queensland Diamantina Institute investigated how the body’s growth hormone assists with liver regeneration in a study using mice. Project leader Dr Andrew Brooks said mice […]
May 12, 2020

Adult skates can spontaneously repair cartilage injuries

Researchers have found that adult skates have the ability to spontaneously repair injured cartilage, using a type of cartilage stem cell. Human cartilage has very limited capacity for repair, and the finding may lead to new stem cell treatments for human cartilage injuries. Published in the journal eLife, the study […]
May 12, 2020

Lighting the path for cells

ETH researchers have developed a new method in which they use light to draw patterns of molecules that guide living cells. The approach allows for a closer look at the development of multicellular organisms – and in the future may even play a part in novel therapies. Highly complex organisms […]
May 12, 2020

New Insights into Early Embryonic Development

Revealing the architecture of embryos at a crucial stage in development. The majority of pregnancies that fail do so at a very early developmental stage, before the pregnancy is even detectable by tests. This critical stage, occurring about a week after fertilization, is when an embryo implants itself into the […]
May 12, 2020

Brain-scan abnormalities found in children with PANS

Subtle abnormalities occur in key brain structures of children diagnosed with the pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome, a disease characterized by abrupt, severe behavioral problems, according to a new study from the School of Medicine. The findings, reported in a paper published in JAMA Network Open, may help resolve an ongoing debate […]
May 12, 2020

New HIV vaccine strategy strengthens, lengthens immunity in primates

Investigators at the School of Medicine and several other institutions have shown that a new type of vaccination can substantially enhance and sustain protection from HIV. A paper describing the vaccine, which was given to monkeys, was published online in Nature Medicine. The findings carry broad implications for immunologists pursuing vaccines for the […]
May 12, 2020

Sex, Genes and Vulnerability

Researchers pinpoint genes behind sex biases in autoimmune disorders, schizophrenia. Some diseases exhibit a clear sex bias, occurring more often, hitting harder or eliciting different symptoms in men or women. For instance, the autoimmune conditions lupus and Sjögren's syndrome affect nine times more women than men, while schizophrenia affects more […]
May 12, 2020

First roadmap of human skeletal muscle development created by UCLA scientists

Findings could lead to better methods for creating muscle cells from stem cells. An interdisciplinary team of researchers at the Eli and Edythe Broad Center for Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research at UCLA has developed a first-of-its-kind roadmap of how human skeletal muscle develops, including the formation of muscle […]
May 11, 2020

Stem cells shown to delay their own death to aid healing

Already known for their shape-shifting abilities, stem cells can now add “death-defying” to their list of remarkable qualities. A new study shows how stem cells – which can contribute to creating many parts of the body, not just one organ or body part – are able to postpone their own […]
May 11, 2020

Unexpectedly potent protein droplets

Repeats of individual building blocks within proteins are the cause of many hereditary diseases, but how such repeats actually cause disease is still largely unknown. Researchers in Berlin investigated how repeat elongations lead to the disease synpolydactyly, and have found that the attractive forces between the mutated proteins cause them […]
May 11, 2020

Exercise Boosts Motor Skill Learning Via Changes in Brain’s Transmitters

Doctors have relentlessly impressed upon us the many benefits of exercise. Energy, mood, sleep and motor skills all improve with a regular fitness regimen that includes activities such as running. This has become of particular interest in the time of the COVID-19 pandemic. But what happens in the brain during […]
May 11, 2020

Nanostimulators boost stem cells for muscle repair

In regenerative medicine, an ideal treatment for patients whose muscles are damaged from lack of oxygen would be to invigorate them with an injection of their own stem cells. In a new study published in the journal ACS Nano, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign demonstrated that “nanostimulators” […]
May 11, 2020

Molecule reduces multiple pathologies associated with Alzheimer’s disease

When tested in brain cells and in a mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease, a new compound significantly reduced the number of amyloid plaques in the brain, lessened brain inflammation and diminished other molecular markers of the disease. The researchers who developed the compound reported their findings in the journal ACS […]
May 11, 2020

Game-changing blood test accurately detects Alzheimer’s disease

A simple blood test that can detect Alzheimer’s disease (AD) has been discovered and validated in a joint effort by a McGill team and researchers in Sweden. Their results are published in the May issue of The Lancet Neurology. An accompanying commentary calls the discovery “transformative.” The blood test accurately measures one of the […]
May 11, 2020

NSF provides support for drug discovery platform for hard-to-treat cancers

A new round of support will help a Purdue University-affiliated startup further develop a platform designed to create drugs for people with hard-to-treat cancers. Akanocure Pharmaceuticals, Inc., has received Small Business Innovation Research Phase II funding from America's Seed Fund, powered by the National Science Foundation, to develop chemical tools and platforms to produce valuable […]
May 8, 2020

Newly discovered mechanism can explain increased risk of dementia

Millions of people around the world use acid suppressants called proton pump inhibitors for conditions like heartburn, gastritis and stomach ulcers. Researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden now report how the long-term use of these drugs could increase the risk of developing dementia. Their results are published in the journal […]
May 8, 2020

More Selective Elimination of Leukemia Stem Cells and Blood Stem Cells

Hematopoietic stem cells from a healthy donor can help patients suffering from acute leukemia. However, the side effects of therapies are often severe. A group of researchers led by the University of Zurich have now shown how human healthy and cancerous hematopoietic stem cells can be more selectively eliminated using […]