Related Science News – Page 39 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

October 4, 2019

Patient cancer cells reliably grow on new 3D scaffold, showing promise for precision medicine

A new 3D structure for growing cell cultures could enable doctors to test medications on model tumors grown from a patient’s own cells, according to results from a team of engineers and cancer researchers at the University of Michigan. Unlike previous devices, the new structure is made from protein fibers […]
October 3, 2019

NIH researchers create new viral vector for improved gene therapy in sickle cell disease

Researchers at the National Institutes of Health have developed a new and improved viral vector—a virus-based vehicle that delivers therapeutic genes—for use in gene therapy for sickle cell disease. In advanced lab tests using animal models, the new vector was up to 10 times more efficient at incorporating corrective genes […]
October 3, 2019

VR game gives users ‘eyes-on’ experience with vision loss

In a virtual world, a knight in full armour sits in front of me, expectantly waiting for me to deal them some playing cards. As the game progresses, a large black spot grows in the middle of my vision. I try to pick up the deck of cards from the […]
October 3, 2019

Engineered T Cells May Be Harnessed to Kill Solid Tumor Cells

There is now a multitude of therapies to treat cancer, from chemotherapy and radiation to immunotherapy and small molecule inhibitors. Chemotherapy is still the most widely used cancer treatment, but chemotherapy attacks all the rapidly dividing cells that it locates within the body, whether they're ultimately harmful or beneficial. A […]
October 3, 2019

Study will offer genetic cancer tests at primary-care level

It may sound odd, but most tests for hereditary cancer risks are prescribed by doctors after the patient has been diagnosed with cancer – past the time when such information would be prospectively most useful to the patient. With that backdrop, UW Medicine researchers will explore the feasibility and benefits of administering […]
October 3, 2019

Research to focus on small molecule that can help fight breast cancer

A biochemist at the University of California, Riverside, has received a grant from the Congressionally Directed Medical Research Programs, or CDMRP, of the U.S. Department of Defense to develop a novel lead compound to treat breast cancer, the second most commonly diagnosed cancer among American women. John Jefferson Perry, an assistant professor […]
October 3, 2019

NIA announces major $73 million Alzheimer's grant, Emory leads international drug discovery center

The National Institute on Aging (NIA) is awarding approximately $37 million over five years to a team of international researchers, led by Emory University, to help accelerate the development of promising new therapies that will effectively treat or prevent Alzheimer’s disease (AD). NIA is part of the National Institutes of […]
October 3, 2019

Risk of Heart Valve Infections Rising in Hospitals

People with heart disease or defective or artificial heart valves are at increased risk of developing a potentially deadly valve infection. Rutgers researchers reported that new risk factors for this condition have emerged and that an increasing number of patients admitted to hospitals for other diseases are at risk of […]
October 3, 2019

Improved treatments for diseases like osteoarthritis a step closer thanks to new multimillion pound funding

A team of researchers from The University of Manchester will help “reveal fundamental rules of life” and, potentially, find improved treatments for diseases such as osteoarthritis and healing wounds. The team, from the Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health (FBMH) and led by Principal Investigator, Professor Karl Kadler, have been awarded £4.6 […]
October 3, 2019

Living in deprived neighbourhood for longer amount of time will damage your health

At some point in your life you may find yourself in a ditch. You may even live in a bad neighbourhood for a while and be rather poor. And it’s hard. However, it is not just hard on your mental state – it is also quite unhealthy. A new UCL-led […]
October 2, 2019

The first gene-edited birds – scientists are trying to fix our chickens

There are no wild chickens. It is an animal that humans pretty much invented by breeding wild fowls. And we continue improving our chickens until they have all of our desired characteristics. There are more chickens in the world than any other bird and it is incredibly important for us […]
October 2, 2019

New CRISPR-Cas9 variant may boost precision in gene editing

Researchers have developed a new variant of the gene editing technique CRISPR-Cas9 that has the potential to increase precision during gene therapy in humans. The new variant reduced unintended changes in DNA compared to its wildtype, suggesting it could play a role in gene therapies that require high precision. The […]
October 2, 2019

Surgical Innovation Course Fosters New Approach to Bone Healing

Within minutes of breaking a bone, the body begins to repair itself. The immune system sends in cells that act as housekeepers, sweeping out small bone pieces and killing germs. The body forms a soft protective callus to bridge the fracture and blood vessels that grow into the area to […]
October 2, 2019

Collagen fibers encourage cell streaming by balancing individual aggression with collective cooperation

Collagen is the most abundant protein in mammals, making up skin, bone, tendons and other soft tissues. Its fibrous nature helps cells to move throughout the body, but until now, it wasn’t clear how the length of fibers influences how cells move in groups. Amit Pathak, a mechanical engineer in […]
October 2, 2019

Food Insecurity in Young Adults Raises Risk for Diabetes, High Blood Pressure, Asthma

A paradox of food insecurity in wealthy countries is its association with excess weight. Now, a study led by researchers at UC San Francisco finds that young adults in the United States who are food insecure not only are slightly more likely to be obese, they are significantly more likely […]
October 2, 2019

Mitochondria studies critical to search for heart failure cure

The power of mitochondrial science has the potential to unlock new solutions for heart failure, according to a working group co-chaired by researchers at the University of Washington School of Medicine and Boston University School of Medicine and convened by the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute at the National […]
October 2, 2019

Genome editing to be tested in kidney organoids

Gene editing will be tested in UW Medicine labs on kidney organoids – tiny, kidney-like structures grown from stem cells – as part of a federally funded effort to develop safe, effective genome editing technologies and therapies. The National Institutes of Health announced the next set of grant awards for the […]
October 2, 2019

Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center Offers Novel MRI-Guided Radiation Therapy for Cancer Treatment

New magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) guided radiation therapy technologies, designed to improve the targeting and treatment of cancerous tumors, have been added to the Department of Radiation Oncology at the Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women’s Cancer Center,  making it the first site in New England to be able to provide advanced, real-time, pinpoint-accurate MRI-guided […]
October 1, 2019

First-time pregnancy complications linked to increased risk of hypertension later in life

Women who experience complications such as preterm births and preeclampsia during their first pregnancy are nearly twice more likely than women without complications to develop high blood pressure later in life — some as quickly as three years later, according to a new study of more than 4,000 women. The study […]
October 1, 2019

Scientists found a way to significantly improve treatment outcomes for a rare type of ovarian cancer

Ovarian cancer is the eighth most commonly occurring cancer in women – it is not very common. And in most cases disease cannot be detected in patients after they receive a course of chemotherapy and a surgery. However, 70 % of ovarian cancer patients relapse and then the disease becomes […]
October 1, 2019

Living well, living longer with HIV-AIDS

A nurse scientist at Case Western Reserve University is further expanding her research on aging-related health challenges increasingly faced by people living longer with HIV-AIDS. Allison Webel, an associate professor at the Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing at Case Western Reserve, has for more than a decade focused on […]
September 30, 2019

Map showing gene interactions could lead to new cancer therapies

Nearly 150,000 cancer-related deaths can be attributed annually to Epstein-Barr (EBV) virus, in part because of the lack of effective treatment options. Now, a research team has created the first comprehensive map of interactions between the genes of the virus and host cells in EBV-associated cancers, knowledge that could lead […]
September 30, 2019

Gene Therapy Update: Remembering Jesse Gelsinger

Like the mythological phoenix bird, gene therapy has risen from the ashes and is spreading its wings. September 17 marked 20 years since the death of 19-year-old Jesse Gelsinger in a gene therapy trial. That tragedy halted the fledgling field, with the outlook worsening when, soon after, boys with an […]
September 30, 2019

Immunologists identify T cell homing beacons for lungs

Scientists have identified a pair of molecules critical for T cells, part of the immune system, to travel to and populate the lungs. A potential application could be strengthening vaccines against respiratory pathogens such as influenza. The findings were published online in Journal of Experimental Medicine. Much research on immunity […]
September 30, 2019

Study finds age may hinder cancer development

A new study, published in Aging Cell, has found that human ageing processes may hinder cancer development. Ageing is one of the biggest risk factor for cancer. However, the biological mechanisms behind this link are still unclear. Each cell in the human body is specialised to carry out certain tasks and […]
September 30, 2019

U of A researchers move closer to ‘magic’ cancer treatment

Imagine cancer treatment without chemotherapy, radiation or surgery. Just a small aspirin-like pill. Sound like magic? That’s because it kind of is, according to Khaled Barakat, a University of Alberta biophysicist searching for innovative immunotherapies that could help knock out multiple types of cancer simply by empowering the immune system. “We […]
September 30, 2019

Spotlighting a common female cancer, and a health disparity

Most women now know to how to check for breast cancer.  And a yearly pap smear to check for cervical cancer is de rigueur.  But awareness of endometrial cancer, not so much. That bothers Dr. Kemi Doll, a gynecologic oncologist with the University of Washington School of Medicine. “The truth is, this is […]
September 30, 2019

Extra amino acid could work wonders

There are 20 amino acids in the standard genetic code. A Rice University professor wants to know what one can do with 21. Rice chemist Han Xiao has landed a $1.8 million National Institutes of Health grant to learn how a custom-designed 21st amino acid could be employed to make life-saving substances — and […]
September 30, 2019

Pancreatic cancer discovery reveals how the aggressive cancer rules fuels its growth

A new discovery about pancreatic cancer sheds light on how the cancer fuels its growth and may help explain how promising cancer drugs work – and for whom they will fail. The finding one day could help doctors determine which treatments will be most effective for patients, so that they […]
September 29, 2019

Patients could stop breathing for a while to make radiation therapy more accurate

Radiation therapy can be a very effective way to treat cancer – tumour are zapped with a very accurate and very sharp beam of radiation. However, despite the machines being incredibly precise, the treatment might be compromised by the patient’s movement. Now scientists from the University of Birmingham demonstrated that […]