Related Science News – Page 249 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

January 3, 2019

Tiny, implantable device uses light to treat bladder problems

A team of neuroscientists and engineers has developed a tiny, implantable device that has potential to help people with bladder problems bypass the need for medication or electronic stimulators. The team — from Northwestern University, Washington University in St. Louis and the University of Illinois in Urbana-Champaign — developed a […]
January 3, 2019

Sandia microneedles technique may mean quicker diagnoses of major illnesses

When people are in the early stages of an undiagnosed disease, immediate tests that lead to treatment are the best first steps. But a blood draw — usually performed by a medical professional armed with an uncomfortably large needle — might not be quickest, least painful or most effective method, […]
January 3, 2019

Caesarean sections prevent natural transfer of immune system-boosting bacteria

Baby‘s birth is always an exciting moment, but it can also be hugely stressful. In fact, in certain cases natural birth is not even an option and parents are encouraged to choose caesarean section. It is a medical procedure that can save baby‘s and mother‘s lives in certain situation. Now […]
January 2, 2019

Don’t go breaking my heart

For the first time, engineers have demonstrated an electronic device to closely monitor beating heart cells without affecting their behavior. A collaboration between the University of Tokyo, Tokyo Women’s Medical University and RIKEN in Japan produced a functional sample of heart cells with a soft nanomesh sensor in direct contact […]
December 31, 2018

Eating well and exercising improve surgical outcomes

Eating well and exercising before surgery can improve surgical outcomes in the context of standardized care pathways, even among patients who have extremely serious procedures, according to a study by UW Medicine scientists published in PLOS ONE. “I tell my patients, ‘This is your job. This is something you can do […]
December 29, 2018

Scientists hope that newly discovered protein could lead to an effective psoriasis treatment

Psoriasis – a common, chronic skin disease that affects over 100 million people worldwide. It is incurable, even though there are pretty effective techniques for managing the symptoms. However, now scientists from the University of Birmingham have discovered a protein, which could eventually lead to more effective therapies for many […]
December 28, 2018

Japanese AI System Differentiates between Cancer Cells and Automatically Detects Their Susceptibility to Radiotherapy

Reporting in the academic journal Cancer Research, a group of Japanese researchers have devised an artificial intelligence (AI) system (called VGG16) that can identify different types of cancer cells comprising a single tumour, and successfully gauge their susceptibility to radiotherapy. “This study demonstrates rapid and accurate identification of radioresistant tumour […]
December 28, 2018

Better mouse model built to enable precision-medicine research for Alzheimer's

Incorporating genetic diversity into a mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease resulted in greater overlap with the genetic, molecular and clinical features of this pervasive human disease, according to a study funded by the National Institute on Aging (NIA), part of the National Institutes of Health. The study also suggests that […]
December 28, 2018

Want to improve your memory? Start drawing even if you're not good at it

There is nothing fun about getting old. One of the worst things is deterioration of mental capacities, such as memory. As people get older, retention of new information typically declines, but there are ways to delay and slow down this process. Scientists from the University of Waterloo found that drawing […]
December 28, 2018

Researchers unravel mystery of how, when DNA replicates

A team of Florida State University researchers has unlocked a decades-old mystery about how a critical cellular process is regulated and what that could mean for the future study of genetics. In cells, DNA and its associated material replicate at regular intervals, a process essential to all living organisms. This […]
December 28, 2018

How do hair follicles grow? A Yale-led study untangles the science

An outstanding question in dermatology that researchers have studied for decades is: How do hair follicles emerge from a sea of seemingly uniform skin cells during embryonic development? New research findings from a Yale-led team offer answers to that question, which may lead to strategies for regenerating lost hair follicles […]
December 28, 2018

Diabetes-inducing blood vessel damage could be prevented by a growth factor, study finds

Scientists have identified a growth factor found in the kidneys that could minimise the diabetes-inducing effects of blood vessel damage. The findings come in the wake of recent data from Diabetes UK which revealed that almost 4.6 million people nationwide have either type 1 or type 2 diabetes.  Coupled with […]
December 28, 2018

Looking ‘outside the tumor’ to detect lung cancer

Scientists in Anant Madabhushi’s computational imaging lab at Case Western Reserve University have started thinking outside the box—or in their case, looking outside the tumor. They’re hoping that this novel computerized approach represents a historic leap in diagnosing cancer using just routine CAT scans. If proven successful, it would be […]
December 27, 2018

Novel drops could prevent vision loss after eye trauma or severe infections

Eye trauma or various infections often lead to impaired vision or even blindness. However, these conditions do not have such an effect in themselves – usually disability occurs due to scar tissue forming in cornea. This outer layer of the eye is transparent, but turns opaque due to scarring. Now […]
December 27, 2018

Cell by Cell: HMS studies featured in Science's 'Breakthrough of the Year'

A series of studies conducted by teams led by Harvard Medical School systems biologists Allon Klein, Marc Kirschner and Sean Megason, as well as the work of teams led by Alexander Schier at Harvard University in collaboration with Aviv Regev at the Broad Institute of MIT-Harvard, have been featured as part of the “2018 Breakthrough of the […]
December 27, 2018

Understanding Alzheimer’s disease through collaboration and data sharing

Of the many outstanding mysteries of neuroscience, the pathogenic origins of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) remain one of the most perplexing neurological puzzles. An estimated 5.7 million Americans are presently afflicted with the disease, which gradually ravages the aging brain, resulting in progressive loss of memory followed by other cognitive abilities. […]
December 27, 2018

New insight into aggressive breast cancers

Professor Matt Smalley, from Cardiff University’s European Cancer Stem Cell Research Institute, said: “There are 150 new cases of breast cancer diagnosed in the UK every day. To achieve better outcomes for people facing this disease, we need to better understand how it develops so we can improve therapies. “We […]
December 27, 2018

Fragile X Syndrome Research Gains Momentum

With the help of a new human embryonic stem cell line, researchers make initial strides toward treatment for the genetic mutation. Fragile X syndrome is the most common inherited cause of intellectual disability and autism and poses a significant burden to affected families. The syndrome gets its name because — […]
December 27, 2018

Gene discovery reveals new targets for treating atherosclerosis, inflammatory diseases

A group of genes that has been largely ignored by scientists could play critical roles in atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), inflammation, and likely obesity and other metabolic diseases, new research suggests. The discovery was made by researchers at the University of Virginia School of Medicine in the context of how our bodies recognize and remove […]
December 27, 2018

Healing with words, through writing workshops for cancer patients

Jack L. Ivey learned he had cancer in 2007. Though he’d been writing since middle school, he had never penned any poetry. Then he joined the Writing a Life workshop, a program that encourages cancer patients at Penn Medicine’s Abramson Cancer Center (ACC) to express their feelings about cancer through writing. In […]
December 27, 2018

Decoding the Mystery of the Super-Ager

It was the kind of case no traditional medical textbook could explain. The subject – let’s call him Peter Green – was a white male in his late 80s, enrolled in longitudinal studies of the elderly at the UCSF Memory and Aging Center. Green’s brain scans “were not pretty,” recalls Joel Kramer, […]
December 27, 2018

Higher radiation dose needed to X-ray obese patients increases cancer risk

Extremely obese people are needing a far higher dose of radiation during x-ray examinations than people of normal weight, increasing their risk of cancer, new research has shown. Extremely obese people are needing a far higher dose of radiation during x-ray examinations than people of normal weight, increasing their risk […]
December 27, 2018

Seattle team pivotal to FDA OK on drug for rare skin cancer

An immunotherapy clinical trial based in Seattle, among other U.S. sites, was pivotal to the Dec. 19 approval by the Food and Drug Administration of the drug pembrolizumab (Keytruda) to treat Merkel cell carcinoma, a rare and often fatal skin cancer. The FDA’s accelerated approval of the drug was based on findings […]
December 27, 2018

300 Blind Mice Uncover Genetic Causes of Eye Disease

undreds of new genes linked to blindness and other vision disorders have been identified in a screen of mouse strains. Many of these genes are likely important in human eye vision and the results could help identify new causes of hereditary blindness in patients. The work was published in Nature Communications […]
December 27, 2018

Two Type 2 diabetes drugs linked to higher risk of heart disease

Two drugs commonly prescribed to treat Type 2 diabetes carry a high risk of cardiovascular events such as heart attack, stroke, heart failure or amputation, according to a new Northwestern Medicine study. “People should know if the medications they’re taking to treat their diabetes could lead to serious cardiovascular harm,” […]
December 27, 2018

Yale Cancer Center scientists advise caution in immunotherapy research

In a new study by Yale Cancer Center (YCC), scientists suggest that as the number of clinical trials in cancer immunotherapy grows exponentially, some caution should be exercised as we continue to better understand the biology of these new therapeutic targets. The findings are published in the journal Cell. Researchers around the world […]
December 27, 2018

Researchers detect age-related differences in DNA from blood

Researchers have discovered age- and health-related differences in fragments of DNA found floating in the bloodstream (not inside cells) called cell-free DNA (cfDNA). These differences could someday be used to determine biological age — whether a person’s body functions as older or younger than their chronological age, the researchers say. In […]
December 27, 2018

Researchers Identify How Skin Ages, Loses Fat and Immunity

Dermal fibroblasts are specialized cells deep in the skin that generate connective tissue and help the skin recover from injury. Some fibroblasts have the ability to convert into fat cells that reside under the dermis, giving the skin a plump, youthful look and producing a peptide that plays a critical […]
December 27, 2018

Serious Loneliness Spans the Adult Lifespan but there is a Silver Lining

In recent years, public health officials have warned about a rising epidemic of loneliness, with rates of loneliness reportedly doubling over the past 50 years. In a new study, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine put a specific, concerning and surprising face to the issue. Published […]
December 24, 2018

Technology scales-up to tackle the world’s ‘weightiest’ issue

According to a report released by the World Health Organisation (WHO) in February of 2018, worldwide obesity levels have almost tripled since the 1970’s. What once may have been a shocking revelation cam as little surprise to health professionals at the time, who’ve spent decades tackling one of the world’s […]