Related Science News – Page 12 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

November 11, 2019

Implantable bioartificial kidney achieves preclinical milestone

The Kidney Project, a national effort to develop an implantable bioartificial kidney that could eliminate the need for dialysis, announced a key milestone in the presentation at the American Society of Nephrology Kidney Week 2019 conference in Washington, DC. The project team reported that UC San Francisco scientists successfully implanted […]
November 11, 2019

Supplements don’t preserve kidney health in Type 2 diabetes

Supplements of vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acids (often sold as fish oil) do not help people with type 2 diabetes stave off chronic kidney disease, according to findings from the largest clinical study to date of the supplements in this patient population. The paper was published in JAMA and presented concurrently […]
November 11, 2019

New genetic analysis improves diagnosis of intellectual disability

Whole-genome sequencing can be used to diagnose intellectual disability more accurately than other methods of genetic analysis, researchers at Karolinska Institutet report in the scientific journal Genome Medicine. Whole-genome sequencing using analytical tools developed by the researchers will now be introduced for first-line clinical diagnosis at Karolinska University Laboratory in […]
November 10, 2019

Fujitsu Improves Efficiency in Cancer Genomic Medicine in Joint AI Research with the Institute of Medical Science at the University of Tokyo

Fujitsu has announced the results of a joint research project it has been conducting with the Institute of Medical Science at the University of Tokyo since April 2018. As part of this joint research, Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd. has successfully developed and verified AI technology to improve the efficiency of treatment […]
November 10, 2019

Strive to remember: Researchers find high-intensity exercise improves memory in seniors

Researchers at McMaster who examine the impact of exercise on the brain have found that high-intensity workouts improve memory in older adults. The study, published in the journal Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism, has widespread implications for treating dementia, a catastrophic disease that affects approximately half a million Canadians and […]
November 8, 2019

Early Results from First-In-U.S. Trial of CRISPR-Edited Immune Cells for Cancer Patients Suggest Safety of Approach

Genetically editing a cancer patient’s immune cells using CRISPR/Cas9 technology, then infusing those cells back into the patient appears safe and feasible based on early data from the first-ever clinical trial to test the approach in humans in the United States. Researchers from the Abramson Cancer Center of the University of […]
November 8, 2019

Defining Aging

The biomedical and public health advances of the past century have increased human longevity around the globe. These great strides notwithstanding, the increase in life expectancy has resulted in the growth of an aging population worldwide, posing a set of medical, public health and socioeconomic challenges. The aging population has […]
November 8, 2019

Researcher will improve diagnoses for cancer

In the 1970s, with the help of electron microscopy, scientists discovered that human RNA can also be circular. However, it was far from clear what this actually meant – and how it might be understood. And up to a few short years ago, it was widely assumed in scientific circles […]
November 8, 2019

Blood cancers: a “new generation” stem cell transplant significantly reduces complications for patients

The discovery of the UM171 molecule, by Dr. Guy Sauvageau and Anne Marinier, made headlines in 2014 following an article in Science. Hailed by some as a revolution, even a miracle, in the field of blood stem cell transplantation, the UM171 molecule is delivering on its promise. After the two-year clinical […]
November 8, 2019

To Monitor Cancer Therapy in the Body, Penn Researchers Tag CAR T Cells with Imaging Markers

With CAR T cell therapy, a patient’s own immune cells are genetically modified and inserted back into the body to find and kill cancer. This form of immunotherapy has already revolutionized some cancer treatments, but once the CAR T cells are inside a patient, where do they go? How do […]
November 7, 2019

Lymphatic system found to play key role in hair regeneration

Given the amount of wear and tear it’s subjected to on a daily basis, the skin has a phenomenal ability to replenish itself. Spread throughout it are small reservoirs of stem cells, nested within supportive microenvironments called niches, which keep a tight rein on this repair process. Too much tissue […]
November 7, 2019

New clues found to help protect heart from damage after heart attack

Studying mice, scientists have shown that boosting the activity of specific immune cells in the heart after a heart attack can protect against developing heart failure, an invariably fatal condition. Patients with heart failure tire easily and become breathless from everyday activities because the heart muscle has lost the ability […]
November 7, 2019

One Fell Swoop

As we age, our bodies tend to develop diseases such as heart failure, kidney failure and diabetes, and the presence of anyone disease increases the risk of developing others. A drug usually targets only one condition, largely ignoring the interconnectedness of age-related diseases and requiring patients to take multiple drugs, […]
November 7, 2019

New assessment could identify risks of frailty

Signs of frailty and the risks it brings could be identified in young and old people alike through a new assessment developed in a study by researchers at the Universities of Strathclyde, Manchester, Liverpool, Edinburgh, and Yale. Increasing the risk of frailty is a defining characteristic of the aging process […]
November 7, 2019

A Game-Changing Test for Prion, Alzheimer's, and Parkinson's Diseases is on the Horizon

Synthetic molecules made at Berkeley Lab can be used to diagnose numerous devastating illnesses. There are currently no effective treatments for prion diseases, a family of fatal neurodegenerative conditions caused by accumulations of misfolded copies of a naturally occurring protein. But now, there is finally an effective way to test […]
November 6, 2019

Mechanism of beta-cells involved in the development of type-1 diabetes revealed

Researchers Lorenzo Pasquali and Mireia Ramos-Rodríguez have published recently in Nature Genetics the results of a study on the mechanisms that cause an inflammatory response to trigger pancreatic beta-cell death, leading to the onset of Type 1 Diabetes (T1D). L. Pasquali is a Ramon y Cajal researcher at the Josep […]
November 6, 2019

Researchers identify certain gut bacteria that may be involved in causing bowel cancer

People who have a certain type of bacteria in their guts may be at greater risk of developing bowel cancer. The findings will be presented by the University of Bristol researcher, Dr. Kaitlin Wade, at the 2019 NCRI Cancer Conference in Glasgow. While there is increasing evidence that the make-up […]
November 6, 2019

New technology delivers genome editing complexes directly to stem cells

The development of a set of strategies for delivering genome editing complexes directly to stem cells has earned a group of innovators at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine a first-year grant of nearly $700,000 through the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Somatic Cell Genome Editing Program. The work […]
November 6, 2019

Scrambled cytoplasm from frog eggs organizes into cell-like structures

Can scrambled eggs unscramble themselves? Well, sort of. The cytoplasm of ruptured Xenopus frog eggs spontaneously reorganizes into cell-like compartments, according to a study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine. “We were gobsmacked,” said James Ferrell, MD, Ph.D., professor of chemical and systems biology and of biochemistry. “If you blend a […]
November 6, 2019

Unique case of disease resistance reveals possible Alzheimer’s treatment

Defying the odds, an individual at high risk for early-onset Alzheimer’s disease remained dementia-free for many years beyond what was anticipated. A study funded in part by the National Institute on Aging (NIA), part of the National Institutes of Health, led researchers to suggest that a gene variant may be […]
November 6, 2019

Cell signalling breakthrough opens up new avenues for research

Researchers at the University of Liverpool have made a major breakthrough in the field of cell signaling. In humans, signaling in cells normally regulates cell growth and repair. However, abnormal cell signaling contributes to many diseases, including cancer and neurodegeneration. Therefore, identifying specific proteins that control cell signaling in health […]
November 5, 2019

Scientists identify protein that promotes brain metastasis

A protein that breast, lung and other cancers use to promote their spread – or metastasis – to the brain, has been identified by a team led by Weill Cornell Medicine and NewYork-Presbyterian investigators. The protein, CEMIP, will now be a focus of efforts to predict, prevent and treat brain […]
November 5, 2019

Nanoparticle orientation offers a way to enhance drug delivery

MIT engineers have shown that they can enhance the performance of drug-delivery nanoparticles by controlling a trait of chemical structures known as chirality — the “handedness” of the structure. Many biological molecules can come in either right-handed or left-handed forms, which are identical in composition but are mirror images of […]
November 5, 2019

New process of the antitumor response of NK cells in myeloma discovered

NK cells mean Natural Killer cells. They are part of the innate immune system. They are known primarily for their ability to recognize and kill tumor cells, cells infected by viruses and bacteria, or dying by apoptosis. Although evidence about their antitumoral capacity, how this activity occurred remained unknown. The […]
November 5, 2019

Blood Test Can Predict Prognosis in Deadly Brain Cancer

A blood test that measures the amount of cell-free DNA (cfDNA) in the bloodstream – called a liquid biopsy – correlates with how patients will progress after they are diagnosed with glioblastoma (GBM), the deadliest and most common primary brain tumor in adults. In a new study, researchers from the Abramson […]
November 5, 2019

Escaping Alzheimer’s

There is, in Colombia, a family with a tragic legacy of forgetfulness. “People in this large family get Alzheimer’s like clockwork at age 45-50,” said UC Santa Barbara neuroscientist Kenneth S. Kosik, the campus’s Harriman Professor of Neuroscience and co-director of the Neuroscience Research Institute. Their aggressive, genetic form of the […]
November 5, 2019

Researchers discover a way to turn Parkinson protein on itself

Researchers have found a way to create a super-inhibitor that effectively stops the development of Parkinsons by using the Parkinson disease itself as an active building block. Various neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s are closely linked to the aggregation of individual components called monomers of a specific protein that forms […]
November 5, 2019

Genes from ‘fossil’ virus in human DNA found to be active

Inserted in the human genome thousands of years ago, the genes can produce viral proteins without activating the whole virus. Genes from a virus that was stitched into the human genome thousands of years ago are active, producing proteins in the human brain and other tissues, according to researchers at […]
November 5, 2019

Marker reveals if benign-appearing meningiomas are perilous

A modified protein in benign-appearing meningiomas can reveal which are truly benign and which are more dangerous and require more aggressive treatment, researchers have discovered. The finding may also offer clues as to why these ‘benign’ tumors, which arise from the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord, start […]
November 5, 2019

Yale Cancer Center study shows checkpoint inhibitor prolongs survival in patients with certain head and neck cancers

The checkpoint inhibitor pembrolizumab (Keytruda) increases the survival time of patients with advanced head and neck cancers, according to a new global study led by Yale Cancer Center (YCC). The data was published in the journal The Lancet. The findings of the phase 3 study show that, compared to the standard […]