Related Science News – Page 85 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

November 7, 2017

New techniques give blood biopsies greater promise

Researchers at the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, the Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research at MIT, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Massachusetts General Hospital have developed an accurate, scalable approach for monitoring cancer DNA from blood samples. Reporting in Nature Communications, the team demonstrates that nearly 90 percent of a […]
November 6, 2017

Ageing has opposite effects on male and female tendons

New research from the University of Liverpool, published in the journal ‘Nature Scientific Reports’, has identified that ageing has distinct and opposite effects on the genes expressed in the tendons of males and females. Tendons are bundles or bands of strong fibres that attach muscles to bones. Tendons transfer force from […]
November 6, 2017

“Bubbles” Boost Search for Treatment to Aid Head and Neck Cancer Patients

A scientific team at the University of Rochester is using innovative technology to discover preventative treatments for salivary gland radiation damage typical for head and neck cancer patients—and recently received a $3.8 million National Institutes of Health grant to support their investigation. Cancer patients can lose salivary gland function during […]
November 6, 2017

Rochester chemists find new means to “block” cancer cell growth

When we are still embryos, proteins of the so-called “hedgehog” signaling pathway stimulate our cells to develop into different organs. When we are adults, this pathway falls largely silent, except in certain tissues that constantly regenerate themselves, for example our skin, and the linings of our blood vessels and digestive […]
November 4, 2017

Startup Licenses UA Technology That Shortens Cancer Cell Life

The University of Arizona has licensed a drug that aims to shorten the lives of cancer cells to startup Reglagene. The technology, invented at the College of Pharmacy and the BIO5 Institute by Laurence Hurley and Vijay Gokhale, has been shown to be effective in shortening the lives of target cells, essentially inducing cancer cells to grow old […]
November 3, 2017

Targeting Enzyme in ‘Normal’ Cells May Impede Pancreatic Cancer’s Spread, Penn Vet Team Shows

Cancer of the pancreas is a deadly disease, with a median survival time of less than six months. Only one in 20 people with pancreatic cancer survives five years past the diagnosis. The reason is the cancer’s insidiousness; tumor cells hide deep inside the body, betraying no symptoms until late […]
November 3, 2017

Study: Yoga reduces falls among the elderly

People who do hatha yoga report improved balance, but only now has yoga’s impact on falls received rigorous study. Now, University of Wisconsin–Madison professor of family medicine Irene Hamrick reports that the number of falls in older adults dropped 48 percent in the six months after yoga classes began, compared […]
November 3, 2017

Study examines potential of sound waves to manage Parkinson's disease

An initial test to determine if a scalpel-free form of brain surgery can reduce tremor caused by Parkinson’s disease has produced encouraging results. Further research is warranted, the researchers conclude in a paper published Monday by the scientific journal JAMA Neurology. The pilot study, led by Dr. Jeff Elias of […]
November 3, 2017

Scientists Decipher Mechanisms Underlying the Biology of Aging

Understanding the factors that control aging has been one of humanity’s endless pursuits, from the mystical fountain of youth to practical healthful regimens to prolong life expectancy. A team of scientists at the University of California San Diego has now helped decipher the dynamics that control how our cells age, […]
November 2, 2017

Cancer cells destroyed with dinosaur extinction metal

Cancer cells can be targeted and destroyed with the metal from the asteroid that caused the extinction of the dinosaurs, according to new research by an international collaboration between the University of Warwick and Sun Yat-Sen University in China. Researchers from the Professor Sadler and Professor O’Connor groups in Warwick’s […]
November 2, 2017

Colon cancer breakthrough could lead to prevention

Colon cancer, Crohn’s, and other diseases of the gut could be better treated – or even prevented – thanks to a new link between inflammation and a common cellular process, established by the University of Warwick. Led by Dr Ioannis Nezis at Warwick’s School of Life Sciences, new research demonstrates […]
November 2, 2017

New tissue-engineered blood vessel replacements closer to human trials

Researchers at the University of Minnesota have created a new lab-grown blood vessel replacement that is composed completely of biological materials, but surprisingly doesn’t contain any living cells at implantation. The vessel, that could be used as an “off the shelf” graft for kidney dialysis patients, performed well in a […]
October 30, 2017

Rousing Masses to Fight Cancer with Open Source Machine Learning

Here’s an open invitation to steal. It goes out to cancer fighters and tempts them with a new program that predicts cancer drug effectiveness via machine learning and raw genetic data. The researchers who built the program at the Georgia Institute of Technology would like cancer fighters to take it for free, […]
October 30, 2017

Scientists find a role for Parkinson’s gene in the brain

A new study published in the journal Neuron sheds light on the normal function of LRRK2, the most common genetic cause for late-onset Parkinson’s disease. The study was supported by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), part of the National Institutes of Health. For more than 10 […]
October 30, 2017

Data from Wearable Biosensors Correlates with Multiple Sclerosis Disease Severity in Pilot Study

Data from the SysteMS pilot study, a collaboration between Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Verily and Biogen exploring the use of biosensors as a measure of MS disease severity, were presented today at MSParis2017, the seventh Joint Meeting of the European Committee for Treatment and Research in MS and Americas Committee […]
October 27, 2017

Transplantation of young blood vessel cells boosts aging stem cells

Transplanting young blood vessel cells into older mice can make their aged stem cells take on the characteristics of young stem cells, leading to healthier blood systems and promoting better recovery from cancer treatment side effects, according to new research from Weill Cornell Medicine. Blood stem cells, also known as […]
October 26, 2017

Stemlike cells at tumor perimeter promote new blood vessels to feed tumor growth

Cancerous tumors need nutrients to grow, so they secrete factors promoting new blood-vessel formation to feed themselves. Researchers have long known that cells in low-oxygen environments at the center of the tumor send out these factors, but a new study by University of Illinois researchers found that stemlike cells at […]
October 26, 2017

Transplanted Hematopoietic Stem Cells Reverse Damage Caused by Neuromuscular Disorder

Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine report that a single infusion of wildtype hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) into a mouse model of Friedreich’s ataxia (FA) measurably halted cellular damage caused by the degenerative disease. The findings, published in the journal Science Translational Medicine, suggest a […]
October 25, 2017

New study shows how cells can be led down non-cancer path

As cells with a propensity for cancer break down food for energy, they reach a fork in the road: They can either continue energy production as healthy cells, or shift to the energy production profile of cancer cells. In a new study published Monday (Oct. 23, 2017) in the journal Nature […]
October 25, 2017

Infusion of vascular cells to treat liver cirrhosis shows promise

A new therapy that uses blood-vessel-lining cells to regenerate damaged tissue has the potential to treat liver cirrhosis, Weill Cornell Medicine scientists demonstrate in new research. The small-scale animal study, published in the journal Radiology, was a test of the basic feasibility of the cell delivery technique and not designed to […]
October 24, 2017

Researchers pinpoint causes for spike in breast cancer genetic testing

A sharp rise in the number of women seeking BRCA genetic testing to evaluate their risk of developing breast cancer was driven by multiple factors, including celebrity endorsement, according to researchers at the University of Georgia. “BRCA testing and counseling provide important information on the risk of developing breast and […]
October 24, 2017

Major study of genetics of breast cancer provides clues to mechanisms behind the disease

Seventy-two new genetic variants that contribute to the risk of developing breast cancer have been identified by a major international collaboration involving hundreds of researchers worldwide. Of these variants, reported today in the journals Nature and Nature Genetics, 65 are common variants that predispose to breast cancer and a further seven predispose specifically […]
October 24, 2017

Mutant Gene Found to Fuel Cancer-Promoting Effects of Inflammation

A human gene called p53, which is commonly known as the “guardian of the genome,” is widely known to combat the formation and progression of tumors. Yet, mutant forms of p53 have been linked to more cases of human cancer than any other gene. Investigating core mechanisms of how cancer cells […]
October 24, 2017

UA Lab Seeks 'Holy Grail of Gerontology'

A framed, black-and-white photo of Dr. Janko Nikolich-Zugich rests on a bookshelf in his office. He is seen in profile, head bent, a pen tucked into the pocket of his lab coat. Nikolich-Zugich is at work at his lab bench at New York's Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. Twenty-five years after […]
October 23, 2017

Nothing Wasted

Breast cancer cells recycle ammonia, a waste byproduct of cell metabolism, and use it as a source of nitrogen to fuel tumor growth, report scientists from Harvard Medical School in the journal Science. The findings, published online ahead of print on Oct. 12, show that the presence of ammonia accelerates proliferation […]
October 23, 2017

Dana-Farber and Brigham and Women's researchers laud FDA approval of CAR T-cell therapy for non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

Following a successful clinical trial involving Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Brigham and Women's Hospital, the first chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy for adult cancers was approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) today. Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center, the only facility in the northeast to be part of the clinical […]
October 23, 2017

New gene-altering treatment offered for certain blood cancers

Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis is one of the first centers nationwide to offer a new immunotherapy that targets certain blood cancers. Newly approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for types of advanced non-Hodgkin lymphoma in adults, the CAR-T […]
October 23, 2017

Turning Brain Cells into Skin Cells

A new study published in Nature Communicationsreveals that it is possible to repurpose the function of different mature cells across the body — and harvest new tissue and organs from these cells. The research tracks the transformation of genetically manipulated cells into melanocytes, which are responsible for the production of skin […]
October 23, 2017

Inflammation trains the skin to heal faster

Scars may fade, but the skin remembers. New research from The Rockefeller University reveals that wounds or other harmful, inflammation-provoking experiences impart long-lasting memories to stem cells residing in the skin, teaching them to heal subsequent injuries faster. These stem cells, which replenish the skin’s outer layer take their cue […]
October 22, 2017

Delayed response times to a written word may be early signs of Alzheimer's

Some people may have mild memory problems without an increased risk of Alzheimer‘s. However, it is one of the factors that may reveal that a possibility to develop this disease is high. A new study lead by the University of Birmingham has shown that delayed response to written word could […]