Related Science News – Page 35 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

August 9, 2020

Precision Medicine Identifies Key Recurring Mutation in Head and Neck Cancer

Head and neck cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths worldwide, and squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) account for the majority of these cases. In a new study, based on preclinical research and published in Molecular Cancer Therapeutics, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research, researchers […]
August 9, 2020

Inhibiting Enzyme Helps Cancer Immunotherapy Work Better

Cancer immunotherapy — a treatment that better enables a patient’s own immune system to attack tumors — has shown great potential against some cancers. Yet immunotherapy doesn’t work against all tumor types, and many patients who initially respond later develop resistance and relapse. Researchers at University of California San Diego […]
August 9, 2020

Can Sleep Protect Us from Forgetting Old Memories?

From lowering your risk of obesity and cardiovascular disease to improving your concentration and overall daily performance, sleep has been proven to play a critical role in our health. In a new study, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine report that sleep may also help people […]
August 9, 2020

Implanted Neural Stem Cell Grafts Show Functionality in Spinal Cord Injuries

Using stem cells to restore lost functions due to spinal cord injury (SCI) has long been an ambition of scientists and doctors. Nearly 18,000 people in the United States suffer SCIs each year, with another 294,000 persons living with an SCI, usually involving some degree of permanent paralysis or diminished […]
August 9, 2020

Naked Mole-Rat Senescent Cells are Unusually Vulnerable to Oxidative Stress

This open access paper expands on earlier work on cellular senescence in long-lived naked mole-rats. Individuals of this species can live as much as nine times longer than equivalently sized rodents, and are near immune to cancer. In other mammals, senescent cells accumulate with age and disrupt tissue function via […]
August 8, 2020

Long Term Low Dose Ethanol Intake Modestly Extends Life in Mice

As of the past few years, the long-standing debate over whether moderate alcohol intake has a protective effect on health had appeared to resolve to the conclusion that the observed epidemiology is explained by socioeconomic factors, not by the metabolic effects of molecules such as polyphenols present in wine or […]
August 4, 2020

Monkeying around: Study finds older primates father far fewer babies

Infertility is a worldwide clinical problem for human health that affects 8 to 12 percent of couples. A new study from Washington University in St. Louis has implications for understanding some age-related aspects of male reproductive health in primates, including humans. Older male rhesus monkeys sire fewer offspring, even though […]
August 3, 2020

Glucosamine Supplementation Correlates with Lower All Cause Mortality

An analysis of a large study population here shows that glucosamine supplementation results in about a 15% reduction in mortality, a sizable effect size in the context of what is known of the effects of lifestyle choices and supplementation on aging. Glucosamine is used as an anti-inflammatory intervention, but there […]
August 3, 2020

Hearing deterioration reported by discharged COVID-19 patients

A significant number of patients reported a deterioration in their hearing when questioned eight weeks after discharge from hospital admission for COVID-19, according to the University of Manchester audiologists, in a study supported by the NIHR Manchester Biomedical Research Centre (BRC). One hundred and twenty-one of the adults admitted to […]
August 3, 2020

How human sperm really swim: research challenges centuries-old assumption

More than three hundred years after Antonie van Leeuwenhoek used one of the earliest microscopes to describe human sperm as having a “tail, which, when swimming, lashes with a snakelike movement, like eels in water”, scientists have revealed this is an optical illusion. Using state-of-the-art 3D microscopy and mathematics, Dr Hermes […]
August 3, 2020

Why is stroke so deadly for people of African descent?

African-Americans have up to three times the risk of dying from strokes as people of European descent, yet there has been little investigation of if and how genetic variants contribute to their elevated risk. Until now. A large international team of scientists has completed the largest analysis of stroke-risk genes […]
July 31, 2020

Proteins — and labs — coming together to prevent Rett syndrome

Disruption of condensates in the neurodevelopmental disorder provides insights into how cells compartmentalize chromosomes, as well as new potential therapies. New discoveries about the disruption of condensates in the neurodevelopmental disorder Rett syndrome provide insights into how cells compartmentalize chromosomes, as well as new potential paths for therapies. Scientists have, […]
July 31, 2020

Scientists test potential drug developed in Australia to treat common causes of blindness: pre-clinical study

An international team led by UNSW medical researchers has tested a chemical compound in the lab and a range of animal models to progress much-needed treatment options for neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and diabetic retinopathy (DR), the main eye complication of diabetes. While the preclinical studies provide hope to […]
July 31, 2020

Researchers investigate potential treatment for walking impairment due to blocked arteries

Researchers from JCU’s Queensland Research Centre for Peripheral Vascular Disease, involving collaborators from across Queensland, are conducting clinical trials to investigate whether a new drug can be used for treating blocked leg artery-related walking impairment. “People with blocked leg arteries have a substantially reduced ability to walk, which leads to […]
July 31, 2020

Pseudoislet system expected to advance pancreas and diabetes research

The multicellular, 3-D structure of human pancreatic islets — the areas of the pancreas containing hormone-producing or endocrine cells — has presented challenges to researchers as they study and manipulate these cells’ function, but Vanderbilt University Medical Center researchers have now developed a pseudoislet system that allows for much easier […]
July 31, 2020

Protein study may be key to treating fibrotic diseases

A protein linked to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a progressive neurological disease that causes muscle weakness, may be a key to treating fibrotic disease of the kidneys and other organs, researchers at Vanderbilt University Medical Center reported recently. FUS is the acronym of a protein in the nucleus of cells that regulates […]
July 31, 2020

Study Suggests New Approach to Improve Radiation Therapy Resistance in Glioblastoma

Many modern cancer drugs target a specific genetic mutation that is driving particular cancer’s runaway growth and division — such as the HER-2 protein in some breast cancers or EGFR in certain lung cancers. But this strategy hasn’t worked well against glioblastoma, an aggressive form of brain cancer, which is […]
July 31, 2020

UB diabetes expert’s research shows testosterone therapy can lead to remission in men with Type 2 diabetes

The findings from a recent study by a University at Buffalo researcher and others could prove to be a game-changer for men with Type 2 diabetes. The single-site study, conducted over 11 years in Bremerhaven, Germany, found that testosterone therapy reversed Type 2 diabetes in one-third of the study participants. […]
July 31, 2020

Gene regulation: groundbreaking work promises new targets

Scientists at the IRCM reveal the function of some 200 proteins previously unprobed by biologists, pointing the way to new therapeutic targets for cancers and neurological disorders. A team from the Montreal Clinical Research Institute (IRCM) has written a new chapter in gene regulation by unearthing the function of about […]
July 31, 2020

UW Researchers Devise Approach to Treat Rare, Incurable form of Blindness

Best vitelliform macular degeneration, or Best disease, is an inherited eye condition that typically leads to blindness over the course of a few decades. The disease can be caused by more than two hundred mutations in the BEST1 gene. The researchers were able to correct the disease in stem cells from patients […]
July 31, 2020

Your brain parasite isn't making you sick. Here's why

More than 30 million Americans are infected with a brain parasite spread by cats and contaminated meat, but most will never show symptoms. A new discovery from the University of Virginia School of Medicine explains why, and that finding could have important implications for brain infections, neurodegenerative diseases, and autoimmune […]
July 31, 2020

New understanding of CRISPR-Cas9 tool could improve gene editing

Within a mere eight years, CRISPR-Cas9 has become the go-to genome editor for both basic research and gene therapy. But CRISPR-Cas9 also has spawned other potentially powerful DNA manipulation tools that could help fix genetic mutations responsible for hereditary diseases. Researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, have now obtained […]
July 30, 2020

Novel, label-free imaging technique brings out the inner light in T cells

T cells are the immune soldiers at the frontline of the battle with infiltrating pathogens that seek to cause disease. A new study published in Nature Biomedical Engineering describes a novel, label-free imaging technique that can differentiate active T cells from those off duty. The method produced by the U.S. National Science Foundation-funded research […]
July 30, 2020

Scientists using AI to benefit cancer patients

Case Western Reserve University scientists are developing artificial intelligence (AI) tools to help surgeons and oncologists identify the subtle but critical differences between a recurring tumor and damaged non-cancerous tissue on post-operative MRI scans of certain cancer patients. The work is being led by Pallavi Tiwari, PhD, and Satish Viswanath, […]
July 30, 2020

Researchers Optimistic After Dose-Determining Trial of Compound Against Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

A new multi-institution, dose-determining clinical trial of a compound against metastatic, castration-resistant prostate cancer showed promising results, researchers reported in Clinical Cancer Research. The phase 1b/2a study of the pan-BET bromodomain inhibitor ZEN-3694 in combination with enzalutamide was led by researchers at the University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center, the University of California, San Francisco, […]
July 30, 2020

New Clues in Resistance to Mainstay Drug for Patients with Metastatic Prostate Cancer

Enzalutamide is one of the main treatments for patients with metastatic, castration-resistant prostate cancer — the lethal form of the disease. However, treatment options are limited for those who develop resistance to enzalutamide. Now, a multi-institution team has uncovered new clues that may help overcome resistance in some patients, according […]
July 30, 2020

Project creates an encyclopedia detailing the inner workings of the human and mouse genomes

The Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) Project(link is external) is a worldwide effort to understand how the human genome functions. With the completion of its latest phase, the ENCODE Project has added millions of candidate DNA “switches” from the human and mouse genomes that appear to regulate when and where genes are […]
July 30, 2020

Alzheimer’s protein in blood indicates early brain changes

Two decades or more before symptoms arise, plaques of a sticky protein called amyloid to begin forming in the brains of people later diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease. Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have shown that levels of a specific protein in the blood rise as […]
July 30, 2020

FSU biologist uses genome database to investigate cancer cells

Florida State University Professor of Biological Science David Gilbert is using the latest information about the human genome as a guide to better understand cancer. Gilbert and his FSU colleagues were part of a team that compared different cancer cell types to a database of normal human cells using a […]
July 29, 2020

Inhibiting Key Molecular Chaperone Sensitizes Tumors to Radiation Therapy in Animal Models

The molecular chaperone protein known as heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) helps stabilize a number of proteins that are involved in tumor growth. This is why inhibitors that act on the protein have been investigated as potential anti-cancer drugs. So far, however, the inhibitors developed by various academic groups and […]