Related Science News – Page 35 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

October 30, 2019

Arthritis risk linked to obesity may be passed down through generations

Arthritis affects one in five Americans, but according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, that number jumps to one in three among people with obesity. Now, new research from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis suggests obesity may increase arthritis risk not only in obese people […]
October 29, 2019

One avocado a day helps lower 'bad' cholesterol for heart healthy benefits

Move over, apples — new research from Penn State suggests that eating one avocado a day may help keep “bad cholesterol” at bay. According to the researchers, bad cholesterol can refer to both oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and small, dense LDL particles. In a randomized, controlled feeding study, the researchers […]
October 29, 2019

Signaling waves determine embryonic fates

Timing is everything for young cells waiting to determine their identities. Research by Rice University bioscientist Aryeh Warmflash and graduate student Sapna Chhabra shows homogenous colonies of human embryonic stem cells use dynamic molecular signaling waves that pass from cell to cell and trigger them to differentiate. Once prompted, the cells begin to organize […]
October 29, 2019

Crimped or straight? Lung fiber shape influences elasticity

Take a deep breath. Now exhale. Congratulations! You’ve just done something completely ordinary, yet so mysterious that scientists still don’t know everything about it. How oxygen and carbon dioxide enter and leave the bloodstream is well known, but scientists are just beginning to understand what happens to respiratory tissues as […]
October 28, 2019

New Nanotube Drug Delivery Shows Promise

A new drug delivery method designed by researchers at PNNL and Washington State University (WSU) has shown it can target and kill lung cancer cells. The research, led by Chun-Long Chen, a senior research scientist at PNNL and a joint faculty fellow at the University of Washington, and research partner […]
October 28, 2019

Researchers Explore Spinal Discs' Early Response to Injury and Ways to Improve It

Researchers may have found a way to press pause on spinal disc injuries, giving doctors more time to treat them before worse issues develop. The Penn Medicine-led team discovered that cells in the outer region of spinal discs become stressed and kick off a subpar healing process after injuries, which […]
October 28, 2019

Consuming alcohol leads to epigenetic changes in brain memory centers

Triggers in everyday life such as running into a former drinking buddy, walking by a once- familiar bar, and attending social gatherings can all cause recovering alcoholics to “fall off the wagon.” About 40 to 60 percent of people who have gone through treatment for substance abuse will experience some […]
October 28, 2019

Clues to improve cancer immunotherapy revealed

Cancer immunotherapy drugs trigger the body’s immune system to attack tumors and have revolutionized the treatment of certain cancers, such as lymphoma, lung cancer, and melanoma. Yet, while some patients respond well to the drugs, others don’t respond at all. Cancer immunologists want to change that. A new study by […]
October 28, 2019

Autism: Origin Story

First evidence of immune response targeting brain cells in autism. Autism spectrum disorders affect one in 59 American children by age eight. With no known quantitative biological features, autism diagnoses are currently based on expert assessments of behavioral symptoms, including impaired social and communication skills, repetitive behaviors and restricted interests. […]
October 28, 2019

A New Actor in Cancer Immunity

The immune system must strike an exquisite balance between vanquishing infections and cancer, while at the same time restraining its activity to avoid inadvertently attacking the body’s healthy tissues and organs. This balancing feat is accomplished by a host of regulatory genes that calibrate the immune response. When this calibration […]
October 28, 2019

Advancing Early Cancer Detection Methods

An interdepartmental team at the University of Michigan obtains a prestigious NIH grant that will support an advanced imaging strategy to improve methods for early cancer detection. Worldwide, the incidence of cancer is steadily growing. Research has shown time and time again that this rise is often connected to the […]
October 28, 2019

Zebrafish discovery throws new light on human hearing disorders

A study of the genetic make-up of zebrafish has provided brand new insights into the cause of congenital hearing disorders in humans. A team including scientists from Cardiff University has identified how specific genes can dictate the patterns of the tiny cells – so-called hair cells – within our ears […]
October 28, 2019

Study finds beta blockers ineffective in stopping COPD flare-ups

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), which includes lung diseases such as emphysema and asthma, is the third leading cause of death of people worldwide. COPD patients can experience exacerbations, or intense “flare-ups,” of their conditions leading to hospitalization, breathing tube intubation and even death. A new study co-led by University of Minnesota School of […]
October 27, 2019

Scientists found a virus that could be causing liver cancer in cats

Cancer is a terrible disease, affecting humans and animals. Its exact causes and mechanism is still poorly understood, but in some cases it can be triggered by a virus. For example, now scientists from The University of Sydney found that a virus may be causing liver cancer in companion cats. […]
October 24, 2019

Biologists build proteins that avoid crosstalk with existing molecules

Inside a living cell, many important messages are communicated via interactions between proteins. For these signals to be accurately relayed, each protein must interact only with its specific partner, avoiding unwanted crosstalk with any similar proteins. A new MIT study sheds light on how cells are able to prevent crosstalk […]
October 24, 2019

New study reveals why breast cancer spreads to the brain

Most cancers kill because tumor cells spread beyond the primary site to invade other organs. Now, a USC study of brain-invading breast cancer cells circulating in the blood reveals they have a molecular signature indicating specific organ preferences. The findings, which appeared in Cancer Discovery, help explain how tumor cells […]
October 24, 2019

Scientists pioneer new way of finding cancer-causing germs

Scientists at the University of East Anglia are pioneering a new way of finding the bacteria and viruses associated with cancer. Some infections have already been linked with cancers including stomach cancer and cervical cancer. New research published in Genome Biology shows how genomic data collected from tumours could be sequenced […]
October 24, 2019

Sequencing Plays Role in Treating High Risk Pediatric Brain Tumors

They’re among the most ruthless opponents for pediatric oncologists: brain tumors that can’t be surgically removed or that resist standard therapies. Doctors have limited weapons to fight them, contributing to why brain cancer is still the leading cause of cancer-related death in children. But some institutions are re-thinking their approach. […]
October 24, 2019

A ‘thoughtful’ workout goes beyond physical benefits

Running and lifting weights might be a crucial step in helping your body delay the effects of aging, but those exercises may be only part of the story. In a new article published in Psychological Bulletin, a University of Georgia researcher found that the type of activity you choose may also have […]
October 24, 2019

Research identifies earlier origin of neural crest cells

Neural crest cells — embryonic cells in vertebrates that travel throughout the body and generate many cell types — have been thought to originate in the ectoderm, the outermost of the three germ layers formed in the earliest stages of embryonic development. But the capacity of neural crest cells to […]
October 24, 2019

Yale Cancer Center scientists build genomic research platform to help treat cervical cancer

Yale Cancer Center scientists have built a powerful genomic research platform to study cervical cancer, a disease that often is untreatable if it progresses after surgery or primary chemo-radiation treatment. The work is described in a study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). “We have identified […]
October 24, 2019

New organelle that helps prevent cancer discovered inside our cells

Scientists at the University of Virginia School of Medicine have discovered a strange new organelle inside our cells that helps to prevent cancer by ensuring that genetic material is sorted correctly as cells divide. The researchers have connected problems with the organelle (a subcellular structure) to a subset of breast cancer […]
October 23, 2019

High blood pressure at maximal exercise may signal good fitness

Is it dangerous to have high blood pressure when exercising? “It depends”, is the answer from a newly published study. One important parameter used to give a prognosis or diagnosis in several conditions is blood pressure during exercise. A new study led by LiU scientist Kristofer Hedman shows that high […]
October 23, 2019

New study may have the reason why heart medication gives muscle pain

A study from McMaster has found a potential mechanism explaining why some people who take drugs to lower their cholesterol develop sore, aching muscles. The use of statin drugs to significantly lower cholesterol, and ultimately reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, has become widespread and large-scale studies suggest that nearly […]
October 23, 2019

How Stem Cells Make Decisions

If you’re a human embryonic stem cell — and who among us hasn’t been — the G1 (“Gap 1”) phase of development is an important time. For the first few hours of this phase that occurs within the larger process of the cycle of cell division, you’re deliberating the nature […]
October 23, 2019

Mending Broken Hearts with Neural Crest Cells

Zebrafish—striped fish a few centimeters long—have the ability to regrow up to 20 percent of their hearts after sustaining major damage. Now, Caltech scientists have discovered that embryonic cells from the hindbrain, called neural crest cells, migrate to the developing heart and form heart muscle in zebrafish and other species. […]
October 23, 2019

New biomarkers for childhood asthma may facilitate early diagnosis

Researchers at Karolinska Institutet have followed children who have sought emergency care for wheezing during their first years of life and found specific biomarkers that can predict the need for asthma medication several years later. The study is published in the prestigious European Respiratory Journal. Today, biomarkers for asthma are […]
October 23, 2019

Walking ability, cognitive function key for people with MS to participate in social life

People with multiple sclerosis who can walk at a relatively normal speed and effectively process information are more likely to continue to participate in social activities, according to a new study by researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden published in the Multiple Sclerosis Journal. The findings highlight the importance of […]
October 23, 2019

A rat race to investigate resilience

Could an animal’s personality and problem-solving skills help it to cope with environmental adversity? Cairns animal behaviourist, Dr Tasmin Rymer, is working with Australian native rats to identify the characteristics that make some individuals better able to cope and survive in damaged and changed environments than others. The James Cook […]
October 22, 2019

Wake-Up Call: Cellular Sleep Isn't As Harmless As Once Thought

New research into the mechanics of cellular sleep and shutdown could shed light on the aging process and how to potentially intervene. A University of Arizona-led research team challenged the traditional understanding of cellular sleep and discovered new information that could lead to  interventions in the aging process. As we […]