Related Science News – Page 215 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

December 11, 2017

Shorter Course of Treatment May Provide Better Outcome for Men with Intermediate-Risk Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among males in the United States. Approximately, 180,000 men are diagnosed each year, and approximately 95 percent of these men have localized disease that is potentially curable. Previously, studies have consistently demonstrated that conventionally fractionated high dose external beam radiation therapy (CRT), consisting […]
December 6, 2017

New weakness found in most common childhood malignant brain tumour

Current treatments for medulloblastoma include a combination of surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy which are not specific in how they target the tumour, and often lead to significant side effects, such as mental and physical disabilities. Treatment is further complicated by the fact that medulloblastoma is not a single disease but […]
December 6, 2017

Research reveals how cells rebuild after division

When cells divide, they need to rebuild their nucleus and organise their genome. New collaborative research from the University of Bristol demonstrates how cells achieve this through the unexpected deployment of filamentous actin (F-actin) to the nucleus. The research, published online in Nature Cell Biology, provides the first evidence that actin […]
December 6, 2017

Parkinson's tremors modelled on a small scale – scientists observed a shaking fly

Tremors, involuntary movements and shaking, are probably the most noticeable symptoms of Parkinson‘s. They are significantly reducing people‘s quality of life and can push them into dependence on other people. Scientists up until now were not sure what causes tremors. Now researchers from the University of York managed to recreate […]
December 5, 2017

Researchers Identify New Protein Binding Characteristic That Could Better Treat Alzheimer's

As the rate and pervasiveness of Alzheimer's disease (AD) continue to spike across the United States, efforts to improve upon current treatments have grown simultaneously. Fortunately, there's been a recent technological breakthrough in understanding the mechanics behind AD. Scientists at Rice University invented a metallic probe that glows as it […]
December 5, 2017

New Immunotherapy for Deadly Childhood Brain Cancer Targets Novel “Neoantigen”

Children with an extremely deadly form of brain cancer might benefit from a new treatment that aims to direct an immune response against a mutant form of a protein found exclusively on cancer cells, according to a new study led by UC San Francisco researchers. The focus of the study, […]
December 5, 2017

UI researchers use nanoparticles to target, kill endometrial cancer in lab study

Tumor-targeting nanoparticles loaded with a drug that makes cancer cells more vulnerable to chemotherapy’s toxicity could be used to treat an aggressive and often deadly form of endometrial cancer, according to new research by the University of Iowa College of Pharmacy. For the first time, researchers combined traditional chemotherapy with a […]
December 5, 2017

UA Researchers Pinpoint Pathway to Muscle Paralysis

Researchers at the University of Arizona have taken an essential step forward in the quest to find the cause of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, also known as ALS or Lou Gehrig's disease. In the cells of flies, mice and humans with ALS, scientists at the UA have pinpointed a process that […]
December 4, 2017

Researchers show aspirin added to cancer drug improves effectiveness

Adding aspirin to some existing cancer drugs could increase their effectiveness against a group of tumours resistant to treatment, new research has shown. University of Queensland scientists are hoping clinical trials could soon be underway for people with lung, pancreatic and colorectal cancers that have not responded to other therapies. UQ […]
December 4, 2017

Double-Edged Sword

Cancer therapies including radiation and chemotherapy seek to treat the disease by killing tumor cells. Now a team including researchers at Harvard Medical School and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center have shown that the dead and dying cancer cells generated by chemotherapy and targeted cancer therapy paradoxically trigger inflammation that […]
December 3, 2017

Lasers could lead to better understanding of neurodegenerative conditions

Boulder researchers are embarking on a new project to study the progression of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's by using a new technique to measure neurons firing deep inside animal brains. Eventually, the scientists hope, the research could lead to earlier diagnosis and better treatment options. Led by Ralph Jimenez of […]
December 1, 2017

Mathematical model mimics melanoma

Cancer cells’ ability to tolerate crowded conditions may be one key to understanding tumor growth and formation, according to a mathematical model that has been applied to cancer cell growth for the first time. The model can replicate patterns of melanoma cell growth seen in laboratory experiments by controlling the […]
December 1, 2017

Vulnerability Identified for Subtypes of Glioblastoma

Glioblastoma, the most common and aggressive form of brain cancer, typically fails to respond to treatment or rapidly becomes drug resistant. In a paper published online in the journal Cancer Cell , University of California San Diego School of Medicine researchers identified a strategy that pinpoints a genetically distinct subpopulation of patients […]
December 1, 2017

Scientists found a way to enhance longevity by 10 %

Everyone wants to live longer and scientists are trying to fulfil this demand. There is a general belief that longevity of humans can be greatly enhanced using some novel medicine or even ancient herbs. But now a research team lead by scientists from UCL showed that limiting the activity of […]
December 1, 2017

Having a spouse reduces the risk of dementia

Dementia is one of the leading causes of death. Not only that, but it is one of the main causes of the reduced quality of life at the later stages of life. People would do anything to push dementia away, but what can we do? Scientists from UCL say that […]
December 1, 2017

Mapping Terra Incognita

Head and neck tumors that contain cells undergoing a transition from neatly organized blocks into irregular structures pushing out into the surrounding environment are more likely to invade and spread to other parts of the body, according to a new study led by Harvard Medical School researchers from Massachusetts Eye […]
December 1, 2017

Researchers advance technique to detect ovarian cancer

Researchers at Rice University and the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center have refined and, for the first time, run in vivo tests of a method that may allow nanotube-based probes to locate specific tumors in the body. Their ability to pinpoint tumors with submillimeter accuracy could eventually improve early detection […]
December 1, 2017

Scientists analysed connection between nerve and muscle cells to progress on movement disorders

Human body is like a complex robotic system. Every part is related to another and damaging one will most likely affect others. This is what we know. However, it still doesn‘t make a complete sense that movement disorders work the way they do. Now a team of scientists, led by […]
December 1, 2017

Scientists found a way to reprogram cells faster, skipping the stage of stem cells

Lab testing and experiments require subjects. At the beginning of the research those typically are cells. However, cell cultures do not last very long in the lab and it becomes a technical difficulty, sometimes slowing down the progress of the research. Now scientists from the University of Edinburgh have made […]
November 30, 2017

Researchers Develop an Injectable Gel that Helps Heart Muscle Regenerate after a Heart Attack

In mammals, including humans, the cells that contract the heart muscle and enable it to beat do not regenerate after injury. After a heart attack, there is a dramatic loss of these heart muscle cells and those that survive cannot effectively replicate. With fewer of these contractile cells, known as […]
November 29, 2017

Duke University Develops Functional Heart Muscle large enough to Repair the Human Heart

Right now, most existing therapies are concerned with reducing symptoms in people with heart damage, but none have been successful at actually replacing tissue that was lost due to a heart attack or a similar condition. This might soon change as researchers from Duke University in the US have recently […]
November 29, 2017

New tools aid hunt for life-extending chemicals

Yale researchers have discovered novel chemical compounds that extend the lifespan of a species of yeast by using a new technology that could also hunt for tools to combat aging in other species as well, they reported Nov. 28 in the journal Cell Reports. “Research on human aging has been […]
November 28, 2017

Complications at birth associated with lasting chemical changes in the brain

New King’s College London research, published in eLife, shows that adults born prematurely – who also suffered small brain injuries around the time of birth – have lower levels of dopamine in the brain. This chemical change has been linked to lack of motivation and enjoyment in normal life, and changes to […]
November 28, 2017

UVA discovers trigger for macular degeneration that robs millions of vision

In a major step forward in the battle against macular degeneration, the leading cause of vision loss among the elderly, researchers at the University of Virginia School of Medicine have discovered a critical trigger for the damaging inflammation that ultimately robs millions of their sight. The finding may allow doctors to halt the […]
November 28, 2017

Cell death linked to tumor growth in prostate cancer patients

The goal of any cancer treatment is to kill tumor cells. Yet, one little understood paradox of certain cancers is that the body's natural process for removing dead and dying cells can actually fuel tumor growth. A new University of Michigan study identifies the pathway by which this poorly understood […]
November 28, 2017

Researchers first to unlock key molecular mystery of premature aging syndromes

New research from Florida State University is beginning to piece together the stubborn puzzle posed by a family of rare and debilitating premature aging disorders. Most of these diseases, called progeroid syndromes, share physiological symptoms characterized by the appearance of accelerated aging, such as skin disorders, loss of hair, skeletal […]
November 27, 2017

Cancer drug starts clinical trials in human brain-cancer patients

A drug that spurs cancer cells to self-destruct has been cleared for use in a clinical trial of patients with anaplastic astrocytoma, a rare malignant brain tumor, and glioblastoma multiforme, an aggressive late-stage cancer of the brain. This phase Ib trial will determine if the experimental drug PAC-1 can be used safely […]
November 27, 2017

Drug-delivering nanoparticles seek and destroy elusive cancer stem cells

University of Illinois researchers are sending tiny drug-laden nanoparticles on a mission to seek and destroy cancer stem cells, the elusive and rare cells that can cause cancer to come back even when years have passed since the initial tumor was treated. In a study led by Dipanjan Pan, an Illinois […]
November 27, 2017

New imaging technique peers inside living cells

To undergo high-resolution imaging, cells often must be sliced and diced, dehydrated, painted with toxic stains, or embedded in resin. For cells, the result is certain death. But if researchers can only view the inner workings of dead cells, they’re only seeing part of the story. They cannot monitor living […]
November 24, 2017

Queen‘s University PhD Student Accepts Award for Groudbreaking Cancer Discovery

A PhD candidate from Canada’s Queen’s University Caitlin Miron had recently accepted the Mitacs Award for Outstanding Innovation as a token of recognition for a ground-breaking discovery in cancer research. Sifting through numerous chemical compounds, Miron had identified a novel substance which binds to a four-strand DNA structure called a […]