Related Science News – Page 121 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

March 8, 2021

Researchers aim to end chronic pain in MS patients by finding its starting point

A newly announced grant from the MS Society is helping researchers at the University of Alberta to better understand the underlying cause of chronic pain that afflicts an estimated half of people with multiple sclerosis, and how to eradicate it. Bradley Kerr and his team are looking in particular at the peripheral nervous […]
March 8, 2021

Rapid 3D printing method moves toward 3D-printed organs

It looks like science fiction: A machine dips into a shallow vat of translucent yellow goo and pulls out what becomes a life-sized hand. But the seven-second video, which is sped-up from 19 minutes, is real. The hand, which would take six hours to create using conventional 3D printing methods, […]
March 8, 2021

Deep Immune Profiling Shows Significant Immune Activation in Children with MIS-C

Taking the first deep dive into how the immune system is behaving in patients with multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C), researchers at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) and the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania have found that children with this condition have highly activated immune […]
March 8, 2021

COVID-19 can kill heart muscle cells, interfere with contraction

Study reveals details of how coronavirus infects heart; models of tissue damage may help develop potential therapies. Since early in the pandemic, COVID-19 has been associated with heart problems, including reduced ability to pump blood and abnormal heart rhythms. But it’s been an open question whether these problems are caused […]
March 8, 2021

International team suggests revisiting 14-day limit on human embryo research for potential health and fertility benefits

An international team of bioethicists and scientists, led by a researcher at Case Western Reserve University, contends it may be justified to go beyond the standing 14-day limit that restricts how long researchers can study human embryos in a dish. Going beyond this policy limit could lead to potential health […]
March 8, 2021

AI and Alzheimer's Disease

New treatments for Alzheimer’s disease are desperately needed, but numerous clinical trials of investigational drugs have failed to generate promising options. Now, a team at Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital has developed an artificial intelligence-based method to screen currently available medications as possible treatments for Alzheimer’s disease. The method could […]
March 8, 2021

Concussion Consequences

Concussion linked to short- and long-term risk for overall health. While chronic neurological effects from concussion have been widely studied, little is known about possible links between concussion and long-term medical and behavioural comorbidities. A retrospective analysis published in the Journal of Neurotrauma found that people who had a concussion also […]
March 6, 2021

What is Known of the Interaction of Cancer Stem Cells and Tumor Associated Macrophages

Cancers subvert the immune system in order to survive, but also to accelerate their growth. Macrophages are a part of the innate immune system, and have roles in wound healing. They become engaged by a tumor; tumor-associated macrophages assist in the rampant growth of tumor cells by supporting them in […]
March 6, 2021

Poor-quality carbohydrates in your diet are increasing the risk of heart disease and death

Have you been eating well during the lockdown? It is likely that you’ve been ordering a lot of junk food, which is not only making you overweight – it is also slowly killing you. Scientists at the University of Toronto found that consuming lots of poor-quality carbohydrates increases the risk […]
March 6, 2021

Original Error: When does a cancer first arise?

There is no stronger risk factor for cancer than age. At the time of diagnosis, the median age of patients across all cancers is 66. That moment, however, is the culmination of years of clandestine tumor growth, and the answer to an important question has thus far remained elusive: When […]
March 6, 2021

RNA Research Brings Hope to Millions with Rare Diseases

A human genetics investigator discusses new RNA research developments that may aid in treating and preventing rare genetic diseases. Altogether, over 6,800 rare diseases affect an estimated 25 million to 30 million Americans. A rare disease is defined in the U.S. as one that affects less than 200,000 people in […]
March 5, 2021

Study offers an explanation for why the APOE4 gene enhances Alzheimer’s risk

One of the most significant genetic risk factors for developing Alzheimer’s disease is a gene called APOE4, which is carried by almost half of all Alzheimer’s patients. A new study from MIT shows that this gene has widespread effects on brain cells’ ability to metabolize lipids and respond to stress. […]
March 5, 2021

Location, Location, Location: Regional Tau Deposits in Healthy Elders Predict Alzheimer Disease

Berkeley Lab researchers propose model for early pathology of this debilitating disease. Subtle memory deficits are common in normal aging as well as Alzheimer disease (AD), the leading cause of dementia in older adults. This makes AD difficult to diagnose in its early stages. As there is currently no effective […]
March 4, 2021

Astrocytes Derived from Patients with Bipolar Disorder Malfunction

Brain cells called astrocytes derived from the induced pluripotent stem cells of patients with bipolar disorder offer suboptimal support for neuronal activity. In a paper in the journal Stem Cell Reports, researchers show that this malfunction can be traced to an inflammation-promoting molecule called interleukin-6 (IL-6), which is secreted by astrocytes. The […]
March 4, 2021

New drug target for Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s diseases identified

Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s diseases are both very common neurodegenerative disorders affecting millions in our world. These diseases are incurable, debilitating and completely devastating for the patients and their families. They are also in the cards for many, because they are related to the aging process. Now there is a little […]
March 4, 2021

Lab-grown ‘mini-bile ducts’ used to repair human livers in regenerative medicine first

Scientists have used a technique to grow bile duct organoids – often referred to as ‘mini-organs’ – in the lab and shown that these can be used to repair damaged human livers. This is the first time that the technique has been used on human organs. The research paves the way […]
March 4, 2021

Vaping marijuana associated with more symptoms of lung damage than vaping or smoking nicotine

injury than teens who smoke cigarettes or marijuana, or vape nicotine, a new University of Michigan study suggests. The result challenges conventional wisdom about vaping nicotine, says the study’s principal investigator, Carol Boyd, the Deborah J. Oakley Collegiate Professor Emerita at the U-M School of Nursing. “I thought that e-cigarettes […]
March 4, 2021

Can a High Fructose Diet Protect Against Drug Induced Liver Damage?

Acetaminophen is the most popular over-the-counter painkiller in the United States. Overdosing on the product can, however, lead to severe health consequences. “Many people are unaware that acetaminophen overdoses are responsible for nearly 46% of all acute liver failure cases throughout the country,” says Lei Yin, M.D., Ph.D., associate professor of […]
March 4, 2021

Eating fruits and vegetables reduces carcinogenic effects of red and processed meats: study

Recent research led by Katerina Maximova, an adjunct professor in the University of Alberta's School of Public Health and member of the Cancer Research Institute of Northern Alberta, shows that low consumption of fruits and vegetables combined with a higher intake of processed meats is associated with a greater incidence of cancer for Albertans. […]
March 4, 2021

Link Between Racial, Ethnic and Socioeconomic Factors and Likelihood of Getting Effective Treatment for Atrial Fibrillation

Even though the use of rhythm control strategies for treating Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation (AF), a common abnormal heart rhythm, have increased overall in the United States, patients from racial and ethnic minority groups and those with lower income were less likely to receive rhythm control treatment – often the preferred […]
March 4, 2021

Low-Calorie Diet along with Intensive Behavioral Therapy and New Anti-Obesity Medication Lost Nearly Three Times more Weight

A second study of the injectable anti-obesity medication, semaglutide, has confirmed the large weight losses reported in a study earlier this month, establishing the reliability and robustness of this new drug. With obesity affecting more than 40 percent of American adults, the findings could have a major impact on weight […]
March 4, 2021

New cell line could lead to more reliable vaccine development to fight costly pig virus

Vaccines are an important tool in fighting porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS), but the fast-mutating virus that causes the disease sometimes requires the production of autogenous vaccines tailored to particular variants. The production of autogenous vaccines depends on the ability of scientists to isolate the virus, but sometimes that’s […]
March 4, 2021

Biologists unravel pathway for cancer cells to become immortal

Cancer cells have been described as immortal because, unlike normal cells, they don’t age and die, but instead can continue to multiply without end. In most cases, cancer cells become immortal by invoking a genetic mutation that can trigger the production of an enzyme, known as telomerase, which prevents telomeres from […]
March 4, 2021

Research team unlocks strategies driving neuron connections

Using high-resolution imaging and 3D computer modelling, a University of Oregon research team has found that the branching arms of neurons weave through space in a way that balances their need to connect to other neurons with the costs of doing so. The discovery about how these dendrites behave came […]
March 4, 2021

The enemy within: Understanding the mechanisms of r-chop resistance in b-cell lymphoma

Screening for predictive factors of drug resistance and tailored therapies can improve outcomes in patients with refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. White blood cells or lymphocytes are the soldiers of our immune system that patrol the body via the lymphatic system. While their primary role is to protect the body […]
March 4, 2021

COVID-19 vaccines are helpful even to people who already had the infection

People who already had COVID-19 develop an immune response, which protects them from repeated infections. This raises a question during the current ongoing vaccination programme – do these people need to be vaccinated? Scientists from UCL 51 UK healthcare workers, around half of whom had a previous laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection, […]
March 3, 2021

New insights on how immune cells are recruited and reprogrammed to drive tumor development

Researchers at Karolinska Institutet show how a certain type of immune cells, macrophages, can be recruited into breast cancer tumors, where they are reprogrammed to support and drive tumor growth. In a study published in the scientific journal PNAS, they describe that low levels of the tumor suppressor protein TAp73 […]
March 3, 2021

Overlooked Cilium Could Be Genetic Key to Common Diseases

Long thought a vestigial part of human cells, new genetic analysis of the primary cilium shows that it may be tied to common conditions like diabetes and kidney failure. Until recently, scientists believed that the primary cilium – an antenna-like structure found on the surface of most human cells – […]
March 3, 2021

Researchers discover better measure of future risk for heart disease, diabetes in youth living with obesity

University of Alberta researchers have found a new, more effective way to measure future heart disease and diabetes risk in youth. By testing the blood for remnant cholesterol (RC), made by the body during the day as food is consumed, researchers were able to show that this non-fasting type of […]
March 3, 2021

Global study finds diet high in poor-quality carbohydrates increases heart disease and death

A diet high in poor-quality carbohydrates – known as a high glycemic diet – leads to a higher risk of heart attacks, strokes and death, a large study of people living on five continents has found. White bread, rice, and some potatoes have a high glycemic index, while most fruits, […]