Related Science News – Page 87 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

August 31, 2020

Nerve cells with energy saving program

Mitochondria are the power plants of our cells and play an important role in providing energy for normal function of the tissues in our body. Nerve cells are particularly dependent on mitochondria for their activity and decreased mitochondrial function is seen in both inherited and more common age-associated forms of […]
August 31, 2020

Childhood syndrome linked to COVID-19 causes profound immune changes

Research published in Nature Medicine examines the clinical characteristics of paediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome (PIMS-TS). PIMS-TS is a rare syndrome which has emerged in a small number of children during the COVID-19 pandemic. The condition causes severe inflammation in blood vessels and can lead to heart damage. A team from […]
August 31, 2020

Neurons protect themselves from degeneration by adapting their metabolism

A recent study in Science Advances by researchers at Karolinska Institutet and Max Planck Institute shows that neurons can counteract degeneration and promote survival by adapting their metabolism. It challenges the long-standing view that neurons cannot adjust their metabolism and therefore irreversibly degenerate. These findings may contribute to developing therapeutic […]
August 31, 2020

Research shows stimulating tuft cell production reverses intestinal inflammation

Researchers at Vanderbilt University have, for the first time, being able to trigger the specific immune system response required to reverse the course of small intestinal inflammation by inducing the production of tuft cells, very rare epithelial cells that sense and respond to parasites. The breakthrough has the potential to […]
August 31, 2020

Which OCD Treatment Works Best? New Brain Study Could Lead to More Personalized Choices

New research could improve the odds that people with the obsessive-compulsive disorder will receive a therapy that really works for them – something that eludes more than a third of those who currently get OCD treatment. The study, performed at the University of Michigan, suggests the possibility of predicting which […]
August 31, 2020

Microgel Immuno-acceptance Method Could Improve Pancreatic Islet Transplant Success

Pancreatic islet transplants, which revive insulin production to treat type 1 diabetes, only last an average of three years. By learning from a groundbreaking cancer treatment strategy based on a recent Nobel Prize-winning discovery, researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology and the University of Missouri developed a new microgel […]
August 29, 2020

Small particles in the blood can reveal early-stage cancer

Small particles released by cancer cells contain specific proteins that may be used in a blood test to detect cancer at an early stage, according to a study published in the scientific journal Cell by a group of investigators from US institutions, and including a principal author from LiU. Early […]
August 28, 2020

New tool identifies which cancer patients are most likely to benefit from immunotherapy

A new diagnostic tool that can predict whether a cancer patient would respond to immunotherapy treatment has been developed by scientists at the University of Bath. This advance in precision medicine will allow clinicians to tailor treatments specifically to patients and avoid treatment paths that are unlikely to be successful. […]
August 27, 2020

Childhood obesity could increase the risk of multiple sclerosis

Childhood and adolescent obesity is projected to contribute up to 14 per cent of overall risk of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) in 2035, according to research led by Queen Mary University of London. Previous studies have estimated that 53 per cent of MS risk is directly attributable to environmental factors, and […]
August 27, 2020

How animals adapt to the changing seasons? Scientists found the biological switch

When autumn comes we wrap ourselves in scarfs and overcoats and enjoy the changing seasons. Meanwhile animals start thinking about the issues of survival, because the beginning of the cold part of the year means that available resources will be scarce again. But how do animals actually adapt to seasons? […]
August 27, 2020

Scientists find new link between delirium and brain energy disruption

Scientists from Trinity have discovered a new link between impaired brain energy metabolism and delirium – a disorienting and distressing disorder particularly common in the elderly and one that is currently occurring in a large proportion of patients hospitalised with COVID-19. While much of the research was conducted in mice, […]
August 27, 2020

Calcium Helps Build Strong Cells

Every time you flex your bicep or stretch your calf muscle, you put your cells under stress. Every move we make throughout the day causes our cells to stretch and deform. But this cellular deformation can be dangerous, and could potentially lead to permanent damage to the DNA in our […]
August 27, 2020

Novel Alkaline Hydrogel Advances Skin Wound Care

Effective wound care requires the maintenance of optimal conditions for skin and tissue regeneration. Hydrogels provide many of these conditions, but not an alkaline environment. Now, in a breakthrough study, scientists at Tokyo University of Science, Japan, have developed a new method that requires no specialized equipment and can be […]
August 27, 2020

Exercise therapy for Parkinson’s disease

Researchers at James Cook University and La Trobe University are working on making life better for people with Parkinson’s disease by developing a new exercise program. Moira Smith, lecturer in physiotherapy at JCU, said Parkinson’s disease is a progressive neurological condition affecting the ability to control movement. “People with Parkinson’s […]
August 27, 2020

Investigational New Therapy Prevents Onset of Dravet Syndrome Symptoms in Mice

In a development that may finally offer hope to children with Dravet syndrome and their parents, a new promising investigational therapy appears to alter the destructive course of the deadly disease. Lori Isom, Ph.D., chair of the University of Michigan’s department of pharmacology and professor of molecular & integrative physiology and neurology […]
August 27, 2020

Progress toward a treatment for Krabbe disease

In one out of 100,000 infants, a mutation in the GALC gene causes an incurable, always fatal disorder known as infantile Krabbe disease, or globoid cell leukodystrophy. Most children with the condition die before they turn 2. A parallel condition also naturally affects dogs, who typically show symptoms of the […]
August 27, 2020

Female Chromosomes Offer Resilience to Alzheimer’s

Study Reveals the Second X Chromosome Confers Protection. Women with Alzheimer’s live longer than men with the disease, and scientists at UC San Francisco now have evidence from research in both humans and mice that this is because they have genetic protection from the ravages of the disease. By virtue […]
August 27, 2020

Novel breast cancer therapy candidate enters clinical study

A Phase 1 patient trial of the novel, oral therapy candidate, alpha-TEA, for advanced HER2 positive breast cancer is now underway.  Veana Therpeutics, Inc., and UW Medicine will collaborate on the clinical testing of Veana’s lead agent – an alpha TEA lysine salt, in combination with the monoclonal antibody, trastuzumab, brand name Herceptin. In HER2 positive […]
August 27, 2020

Women with diabetes and high levels of coronary artery calcium at greater risk of death than men

A new study finds women with diabetes and significant levels of calcium in their coronary arteries have higher rates of death from cardiovascular disease and all causes than their male counterparts. Published in the American Diabetes Association journal, Diabetes Care, researchers from the University of California, Irvine School of Medicine and Cedars-Sinai […]
August 27, 2020

In one cancer therapy, two halves are safer than a whole

Splitting one type of cancer drug in half and delivering the pieces separately to cancer cells could reduce life-threatening side effects and protect healthy, non-cancerous cells, a new study suggests. The study, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, suggests that splitting immunotoxins into two inactive and […]
August 27, 2020

Accumulating extra genome copies may protect fly brain cells during aging

Scientists at the University of Michigan have discovered a novel anti-aging defense in the brain cells of adult fruit flies: producing extra copies of the genome. The findings could help explain how the brain, which rarely produces new cells, is able to cope with the accumulation of cell damage over […]
August 27, 2020

Research team pairs 3D bioprinting and computer modeling to examine cancer spread in blood vessels

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientists have paired 3D-printed, living human brain vasculature with advanced computational flow simulations to better understand tumor cell attachment to blood vessels, the first step in secondary tumor formation during cancer metastasis. The unique approach, developed with outside collaborators, lays the foundation for developing a predictive […]
August 26, 2020

Researchers discover cell communication mechanism that drives cancer adaptation

Collaborative Cancer Research UK-funded studies from University of Oxford researchers have uncovered a new mechanism by which cancer cells adapt to the stresses they encounter as they grow and respond to therapies. This mechanism involves cells releasing small vesicles, known as exosomes. These contain complex mixtures of proteins, RNAs and […]
August 26, 2020

Fresh biopsies can improve development of cancer drugs

COVID-19 didn’t make all other diseases disappear. Cancer is still killing people like before and scientists are still trying to find new ways to treat it. Now researchers from the University of Queensland found that fresh tumour biopsies respond differently to medicine than the  tissue cultures traditionally used. This could […]
August 26, 2020

Gene therapy could potentially reverse memory loss from Alzheimer's in humans

Researchers from Macquarie University have discovered a world-first new treatment that reverses the effects of memory loss associated with Alzheimer’s disease in a study of mice with advanced dementia. The research, co-led by two brothers, Dr Arne Ittner and Professor Lars Ittner, from Macquarie University Dementia Research Centre, builds on their work […]
August 26, 2020

Leading-edge Technology Unmasks Protein Linked to Parkinson’s Disease

An elusive protein that many consider the key of fully understanding the causes of genetic Parkinson’s disease has come much more clearly into focus. Impacting millions around the world, Parkinson’s is a neurological disorder that progressively attacks motor functions, leading to lasting damage in movement and coordination, among other areas. […]
August 26, 2020

Excessive Fructose Consumption May Cause a Leaky Gut, Leading to Fatty Liver Disease

Excessive consumption of fructose — a sweetener ubiquitous in the American diet — can result in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which is comparably abundant in the United States. But contrary to previous understanding, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine report that fructose only adversely affects […]
August 26, 2020

Inflammatory Bowel Disease Linked to an Immune Cell Run Amok

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a group of intestinal disorders affecting an estimated six to eight million people worldwide. Although there are many treatments for IBD, a number of patients fail to respond long-term, leaving those afflicted with a host of chronic issues, from abdominal pain and cramping to frequent, […]
August 26, 2020

Uncontrolled ‘cAMP’ Helps Spark Rare Liver Cancer

Since humans first controlled fire, they have camped around it to circulate information, signaling each other when something approaches. Metaphorically, certain molecules have been carrying information around our cells to help regulate bodily functions as needed. One such molecule, called cyclic AMP or “cAMP,” presumably travels freely inside cells managing […]
August 26, 2020

Fresh tumour biopsies in world-first technique for cancer treatments

An innovative technique to improve cancer treatments using tumour biopsies less than 30 minutes after they’re taken has been developed at The University of Queensland. The ‘Drug uptake in ex Vivo tumours’ technique was developed after researchers found fresh patient tumour biopsies responded differently to treatments than the tissue cultures […]