Related Science News – Page 116 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

April 30, 2018

Going ‘haywire’ is bad news for MND sufferers

Increased energy – or metabolic use – in patients with motor neurone disease (MND) has been linked to faster disease progression and reduced lifespan, according to University of Queensland researchers. The UQ Centre for Clinical Research’s Dr Frederik Steyn said his research team had revealed important information about how the […]
April 27, 2018

“Blue light” of LED streetlights linked to breast and prostate cancer

The “blue light” emitted by street lights including LEDs, and commercial outdoor lighting such as advertising, is linked to a significant increase in the risk of breast and prostate cancer, innovative new research has concluded. A study led by the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal) and involving the University […]
April 27, 2018

Aging: The natural stress reliever for many women

While some research suggests that midlife is a dissatisfying time for women, other studies show that women report feeling less stressed and enjoy a higher quality of life during this period. So, which is it? A recent University of Michigan study by Elizabeth Hedgeman, a doctoral graduate of the U-M […]
April 27, 2018

Research suggests promising drug therapy for premature aging disease

A study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association suggests that an experimental drug therapy can extend the lives of children with progeria, a rare genetic disorder that causes premature aging and death. The research showed that children with progeria who were treated with lonafarnib, a drug originally developed to […]
April 26, 2018

A lot of people still believe in these fake cancer causes

How often do you hear that one or another thing causes cancer? Do you check that information online, do you ask your doctor or you simply nod and believe that everything that is bad for your health causes cancer? Scientists from UCL and the University of Leeds discovered that belief […]
April 26, 2018

Experimental arthritis drug prevents stem cell transplant complication

An investigational drug in clinical trials for rheumatoid arthritis prevents a common, life-threatening side effect of stem cell transplants, new research from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis shows. Studying mice, the researchers found the drug prevented what’s known as graft-versus-host disease, a debilitating, sometimes lethal condition that […]
April 26, 2018

Research Brief: Triple gene combinations study could help predict risk of diseas

We inherit many traits from our parents including the color of our eyes and hair. Unfortunately, we also inherit risk factors for certain diseases such as cancer, heart disease, and diabetes. Understanding those genetic connections can help prevention efforts and develop new life-saving treatments to combat these diseases. In the […]
April 26, 2018

Scientists manipulate ‘satellite cells’ to speed healing

Muscle aches and pains, whether from stretching, strenuous exercise or just normal wear and tear, can put a crimp in your day, a limp in your step and be an actual pain in the neck. But no matter the severity, stem cells in the skeletal muscles called satellite cells play […]
April 26, 2018

Implantable islet cells come with their own oxygen supply

Since the 1960s, researchers have been interested in the possibility of treating type 1 diabetes by transplanting islet cells — the pancreatic cells that are responsible for producing insulin when blood glucose concentration increases. Implementing this approach has proven challenging, however. One obstacle is that once the islets are transplanted, […]
April 26, 2018

Research may explain some causes of infertility and miscarriage

Study examines how early embryonic development can go awry. A new study in the journal Nature Cell Biology has uncovered information about a key stage that human embryonic cells must pass through just before an embryo implants. The research, led by UCLA biologist Amander Clark, could help explain certain causes […]
April 25, 2018

Startup Iluminos Licenses UA-Invented Treatment for Alzheimer's Disease

An Arizona startup is hoping its unique compounds will lead to treatments to halt or slow the progression of a devastating neurodegenerative disease that affects nearly 6 million Americans. Iluminos Therapeutics has licensed compounds created at the University of Arizona that have the potential to treat neurodegenerative disease, in particular […]
April 25, 2018

Aggressive breast cancer has resistant tumour cells already prior to chemotherapy

Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer in women and the most common cause of death in middle-aged women in Sweden. Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive and difficult to treat form of the disease that makes up about 15 per cent of all breast cancer cases. […]
April 25, 2018

Tiny, light-sensitive chips developed by Stanford researchers could one day restore sight to the blind

Age-related macular degeneration, a disease that slowly degrades light-sensitive cells in the retina, is the leading cause of vision loss and blindness among people 65 and older, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Doctors can’t prevent such loss of sight – but a system that replaces light-sensitive […]
April 25, 2018

Mammary stem cells challenge costly bovine disease

Mastitis is the most expensive disease in the dairy industry. Each clinical case can cost a dairy farmer more than $400 and damages both the cow’s future output as well as her comfort. Bovine mastitis is typically treated with antibiotics, but with the potential threat of antimicrobial resistance and the […]
April 24, 2018

How working dogs are sniffing out cancer

At Penn, collaboration is as ingrained in the culture as innovation. And, it turns out, some teams end up having quite the crew. One specific group—working to detect early stage ovarian cancer—maintains experts spanning obstetrics and gynecology, chemistry, physics, and veterinary care. It also includes human’s best furry friends: dogs. As […]
April 24, 2018

Study highlights need for strength training in older women to ward off effects of aging

Regular physical activity may help older women increase their mobility, but muscle strength and endurance are likely to succumb to the effects of frailty if they haven’t also been doing resistance training. That is according to the findings of a cross-sectional study led by the University at Buffalo and published […]
April 24, 2018

UVA reveals how a cancer – causing virus clings to human DNA like a bur to a sock

Using a homemade, high-tech microscope, scientists at the University of Virginia School of Medicine have revealed how a cancer-causing virus anchors itself to our DNA. That discovery could pave the way for doctors to cure previously incurable diseases by flushing out viruses, including HPV and Epstein-Barr, that now permanently embed […]
April 24, 2018

Remote-Control Shoots Laser at Nano-Gold to Turn on Cancer-Killing Immune Cells

A remote command could one day send immune cells on a rampage against a malignant tumor. The ability to mobilize, from outside the body, targeted cancer immunotherapy inside the body has taken a step closer to becoming reality. Bioengineers at the Georgia Institute of Technology have installed a heat-sensitive switch […]
April 24, 2018

Many Economic Evaluations of Oncotype DX May Have Misleading Conclusions

Research led at the Yale School of Public Health have found that the majority of published papers analyzing the cost-effectiveness of a widely used test for breast cancer used a study design that can increase bias. Oncotype DX, a gene-expression profiling test, is used in clinical care to guide chemotherapy […]
April 24, 2018

Personalized bio-inks boost healing potential of printable body tissue

But platelets also release so-called growth factors that help repair soft tissues – blood vessels, skin, muscle, tendons – and recruit other cells to speed the healing process. Those capabilities have made platelet-rich plasma an emerging treatment option for certain joint injuries and post-operative therapies. Now researchers from the University […]
April 24, 2018

Multiple sclerosis may be linked to sheep disease toxin

Exposure to a toxin primarily found in sheep could be linked to the development of multiple sclerosis (MS) in humans, new research suggests. Carried out by the University of Exeter and MS Sciences Ltd., the study has found that people with MS are more likely than other people to have […]
April 24, 2018

Study explores crash risk among older drivers

While older drivers as a group have a relatively high rate of car crashes, few validated tools exist to evaluate an individual’s crash risk and to help older adults make the life-altering decision to give up their car keys. Aiming to better understand how adults’ crash risk changes over time, […]
April 23, 2018

Football Scuffles, Auto Injuries May Raise Risk for Parkinson’s

A rear-ender in which the driver’s head slams against the steering wheel or a helmet-to-helmet tussle with an opponent on the football field may increase one’s risk for Parkinson’s disease if concussion results, say researchers from UCSF and the San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center. In their study, which publishes […]
April 23, 2018

Light at Night Can Disrupt Circadian Rhythms in Children. Are There Long-Term Risks?

A new scientific study shows that exposure of preschool children to bright electric light in the evening suppresses melatonin production almost completely, an important addition to the growing body of research in this area. Melatonin suppression is a marker of disruption of our circadian rhythms. Ten kids, ages 3 to 5, were […]
April 23, 2018

Mechanism behind neuron death in motor neurone disease and frontotemporal dementia discovered

Scientists have identified the molecular mechanism that leads to the death of neurons in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (also known as ALS or motor neurone disease) and a common form of frontotemporal dementia. Writing in Cell, the researchers from the University of Cambridge and University of Toronto also identify potential therapeutic targets for these currently incurable […]
April 22, 2018

Scientists Grow Miniature Human Brains in Mice

Back in 2013, researchers achieved human brain organoids for the first time, which they had eventually managed to induce to form structures like those seen in the brains of foetuses. The problem with the brainy organoids is their short life-span. “In our hands, the organoids stop growing around five weeks,” […]
April 21, 2018

Epstein-Barr virus protein can “switch on” risk genes for autoimmune diseases

Infection with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), the cause of infectious mononucleosis, has been associated with subsequent development of systemic lupus erythematosus and other chronic autoimmune illnesses, but the mechanisms behind this association have been unclear. Now, a novel computational method shows that a viral protein found in EBV-infected human cells may […]
April 20, 2018

Diagnosing, treating neuropathy symptoms in cancer patients not exact science

Most of the roughly 15.5 million cancer survivors in the U.S. receive chemotherapy, and roughly 65 percent develop some degree of the chemotherapy-induced nerve damage known as peripheral neuropathy. Peripheral neuropathy simply means nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord are affected, and symptoms include numbness and tingling in […]
April 20, 2018

Improved method of delivering anti-cancer drugs

The method involves the use of a new type of a nanotube – a tiny tube used in many applications, including drug delivery. This new type, designed and created by Dr Ben Newland at Cardiff University, is made from a non-toxic polymer called poly(ethylene glycol).  Unlike current nanotubes, which can cause […]
April 20, 2018

Scientists find some human cancers to be ‘evolutionary accidents’

New research, published in Biological Reviews and conducted by researchers from the University of Liverpool and Escola Superior de Ciências da Saúde (Brasília, Brazil) has found some type of cancers unique to humans may be a result of evolutionary accidents. Cancer is a major cause of death worldwide. But humans are not […]