Related Science News – Page 61 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

October 9, 2020

High-throughput screening identifies molecules that reduce cellular stress

For many people, getting older can, unfortunately, mean an increased risk of illnesses, from cardiovascular disease to cancer. University of Michigan scientists are actively researching the biological underpinnings of ageing with the aim of developing interventions that could help people live longer, healthier lives. A paper in the journal Science Advances describes […]
October 9, 2020

New research unearths key to minimising some health risks associated with ageing

A study led by researchers at WIMR has, for the first time, demonstrated how CD47 – a cell surface protein – drives biological dysfunctions in the body, such as decreased circulation and poor metabolic homeostasis, both of which worsen with age. Researchers hope developing therapies that target CD47 will significantly reduce […]
October 8, 2020

Damaged DNA

All life depends upon DNA repair and replication. In every human cell the essential ability to replicate and repair genomes depends upon the coordinated actions of the genome sequence. Flaws or mistakes in repair and cell cycle regulation can lead to defects in the structure of the DNA and can […]
October 8, 2020

PRESERVING BRAIN TISSUE WITH STEM CELLS

Individuals with traumatic brain injuries, or TBIs, frequently experience the shrinking or atrophying of brain tissue near where the injury occurred, causing additional damage beyond the original harm. If this can be prevented, many could function in the future who cannot now. Few therapies currently exist to treat TBIs, but […]
October 8, 2020

Bioelectronic device achieves unprecedented control of cell membrane voltage

Driven by a machine learning algorithm, the closed-loop biohybrid device maintained a set membrane voltage in human stem cells for 10 hours. In an impressive proof-of-concept demonstration, an interdisciplinary team of scientists has developed a bioelectronic system driven by a machine learning algorithm that can shift the membrane voltage in […]
October 8, 2020

Pale melanomas masked by albino gene

People with pale coloured melanomas are more likely to have a gene mutation associated with albinism, University of Queensland research has found. Study lead author Dr Jenna Rayner said albinism, a rare genetic disorder affecting one in 10,000 people, prevented brown pigment from being synthesised in the body and led to fair hair and […]
October 8, 2020

Hidden DNA fragment the ‘trigger switch’ for male development

Biology textbooks may need to be re-written, with scientists finding a new piece of DNA essential to forming male sex organs in mice. An international research collaboration with The University of Queensland found the Y-chromosome gene that makes mice male is made up of two different DNA parts, not one, as scientists […]
October 8, 2020

Liverpool-led study shows first known effective treatment for rare genetic disease

A new study published in The Lancet, led by a Liverpool based research collaboration, has identified the first effective treatment for a rare genetic condition known as Alkaptonuria (AKU). The aim of the study, led by Professor Lakshminarayan Ranganath and Professor James Gallagher of the University of Liverpool’s Institute of Life Course and Medical […]
October 8, 2020

Discovery of a key player in memory

Long-term memory is controlled by protein synthesis in inhibitory cells, an international team at UdeM, McGill University and the University of Haifa finds. A Canadian-Israeli research team involving scientists at Université de Montréal has discovered that during memory consolidation, there are at least two distinct processes taking place in two […]
October 8, 2020

Risk of Deadly Skin Cancer May Be Gauged by Accumulated DNA Damage

The risk for melanoma, the most deadly skin cancer, can be estimated long before the detection of any suspicious moles, according to a UC San Francisco scientist who led a new study to detect DNA mutations in individual skin cells. Skin damage from the sun builds up over time but […]
October 7, 2020

Microplastic pollution harms lobster larvae, study finds

Microplastic fibre pollution in the ocean affects larval lobsters at each stage of their development, according to new research. A U.S. National Science Foundation-funded study published in the Marine Pollution Bulletin reports that the fibres affect the animals' feeding and respiration, and they could prevent some larvae from reaching adulthood. “In […]
October 7, 2020

Polycystic ovary syndrome increases risk for gestational diabetes and hypertensive disorders

A recent study by researchers at McGill University has identified polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an independent risk factor for gestational diabetes and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. The condition, known to lead to multiple reproductive complications, including infertility, affects 1 in 10 women of childbearing age. PCOS was already known […]
October 7, 2020

Catheter ablation reduces risk of dementia in patients with common heart disorder

Researchers from The Liverpool Centre for Cardiovascular Science have contributed to a new study, published in The European Heart Journal, that shows people with atrial fibrillation (AF) have a reduced risk of dementia if they undergo a procedure called catheter ablation to restore the normal rhythm of their heart. AF is the […]
October 7, 2020

Ketones buy time for a failing heart but are just more fuel for a healthy one: study

In 2015, researchers began noticing that a drug used to treat Type 2 diabetes, empagliflozin, came with the added benefit of decreasing hospitalization for heart failure and death from cardiovascular causes in those patients. “It was very unexpected, because this drug is targeted and marketed for Type 2 diabetes, not […]
October 7, 2020

Blocking Enzyme’s Self-Destruction Process May Mitigate Age-Related Diseases

Stopping the cannibalistic behavior of a well-studied enzyme could be the key to new drugs to fight age-related diseases, according to a new study published online in Nature Cell Biology. For the first time, researchers in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania show how the self-eating cellular […]
October 7, 2020

Gut health benefits begin in utero

The gut’s microbiome — a complex, dense mixture of bacteria, fungi, and other microbes — plays an integral role in human health. A new Yale study reveals just how early the microbiome is formed and begins delivering this benefit. For the first time, Yale scientists report that components of the […]
October 7, 2020

Alzheimer’s risk gene disrupts endocytosis, but another disease-linked gene could help

Astrocytes with the APOE4 gene variant show deficits of a key cellular function, but overexpressing the gene PICALM overcame the defect. In a new study, a team of scientists based at The Picower Institute for Learning and Memory at MIT and the Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research reveals evidence showing that […]
October 6, 2020

Imaging technique could replace tissue biopsies in assessing drug resistance in breast cancer patients

Imaging techniques could replace the need for invasive tissue biopsies in helping rapidly determine whether cancer treatments are working effectively, according to researchers at the University of Cambridge. In a study published in the journal Cancer Cell, researchers at the Cancer Research UK (CRUK) Cambridge Institute have shown how a new […]
October 6, 2020

Is it true that younger people find learning new languages easier?

Being able to talk in several languages is an important skill to have. The world is shrinking and if you want to do business or build a career in other international organizations you will have to speak at least one foreign language. But is it true that younger people pick […]
October 6, 2020

Artificial intelligence can determine brain's age by examining MRI scans

If you want to know how old the tree was, you have to count the rings on its stomp. That, of course, requires you to cut down the tree or at least core it – drill a deep hole into it. But how can you know the age of the […]
October 6, 2020

Novel Dual CAR T Cell immunotherapy Holds Promise for Targeting The HIV Reservoir

A recent study published in the journal Nature Medicine, led by researchers James Riley, PhD, a professor of Microbiology at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, and Todd Allen, PhD, a professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School and Group Leader at the Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT and […]
October 6, 2020

UVA Improves Care for Cancers that Have Spread to the Brain

Ambitious efforts at the UVA Cancer Center to improve care delivered to patients with cancer that has spread to the brain have yielded important insights and tools that can benefit other hospitals, a new publication reports. The tools include the first set of metrics to assess care provided for these […]
October 6, 2020

Using AI to improve heart-transplant outcomes

The team of biomedical researchers at the Center for Computational Imaging and Personalized Diagnostics (CCIPD) has tackled various aspects of lung cancer, breast cancer, colon cancer and more since the centre was launched at Case Western Reserve University in 2012 by bioengineering pioneer Anant Madabhushi. Now, Madabhushi’s lab and partners in the Perelman […]
October 6, 2020

Circadian rhythm: liver gene helps body keep working smoothly after late nights and midnight snacks

Every living human is controlled by an internal “clock” which drives our circadian rhythm – the natural internal process that regulates our sleep-wake cycle during a 24-hour period. This internal clock controls most of our body processes over this period, including our sleep cycle, digestion, metabolism, appetite and immunity. External […]
October 6, 2020

Mutations that affect ageing – more common than we thought?

The number of mutations that can contribute to ageing may be significantly higher than previously believed, according to new research on fruit flies. The study by scientists at Linköping University supports a new theory about the type of mutation that can lie behind ageing. The results have been published in […]
October 6, 2020

Nanoparticles can turn off genes in bone marrow cells

Using specialized nanoparticles, MIT engineers have developed a way to turn off specific genes in cells of the bone marrow, which play an important role in producing blood cells. These particles could be tailored to help treat heart disease or to boost the yield of stem cells in patients who […]
October 6, 2020

SMART researchers receive Intra-CREATE grant for personalized medicine and cell therapy

Researchers from Critical Analytics for Manufacturing Personalized-Medicine (CAMP), an interdisciplinary research group at Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology (SMART), MIT’s research enterprise in Singapore, have been awarded Intra-CREATE grants from the National Research Foundation (NRF) Singapore to help support research on retinal biometrics for glaucoma progression and neural cell […]
October 5, 2020

Tiny brain “tweezers” could hold the key to treating Parkinson’s Disease

A collaborative study led by the Oxford Parkinson's Disease Centre's Dr Nora Bengoa-Vergniory has shown that compounds known as molecular tweezers could become a promising disease modifying therapy for Parkinson’s. A team of researchers has shown that tiny compounds known as molecular “tweezers” could become a promising therapy to slow […]
October 5, 2020

Millimetre-precision drug delivery to the brain

Focused ultrasound waves help ETH researchers to deliver drugs to the brain with pinpoint accuracy, in other words only to where their effect is desired. This method is set to enable treatment of psychiatric and neurological disorders and tumours with fewer side effects in the future. Researchers at ETH Zurich […]
October 5, 2020

Nanotechnology experts meet to share new ideas

The 13th annual NanoFlorida conference was hosted by the University of Miami last Friday and about 500 people tuned in virtually to learn about advances in the field from two pioneers. Imagine being able to tint the windows of your car or office from bright sunlight within seconds of tapping […]