Related Science News – Page 56 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

November 11, 2020

Mid-levels of immune marker at birth may protect against autism

Researchers at Karolinska Institutet have investigated the association between certain immune markers in neonates and the risk of later developing autism spectrum disorder (ASD). They found that mid-levels of a classical marker of inflammation, C-reactive protein, were associated with the lowest risk for ASD – whereas too much or not […]
November 11, 2020

Making cancer cells more susceptible to dying

Radiation and chemotherapy are designed to kill cancer cells. But for many patients, cancer cells can survive even after being hit with high doses of chemotherapy or radiation. To make treatment more effective, scientists are focusing on ways to tweak the inner machinery of cancer cells to make them more […]
November 11, 2020

Chemicals in your living room cause diabetes

A new UC Riverside study shows flame retardants found in nearly every American home cause mice to give birth to offspring that become diabetic. These flame retardants, called PBDEs, have been associated with diabetes in adult humans. This study demonstrates that PBDEs cause diabetes in mice only exposed to the […]
November 10, 2020

Breakdown of Gene Coordination During Aging Suggests a Substantial Challenge to Longevity

A novel computational method that quantifies for the first time the coordination level between different genes reveals a new hallmark of aging which could require a change of course in current efforts to develop healthy-aging treatments. Although all humans share similar changes during aging such as gray hair, wrinkles, and […]
November 10, 2020

New immunotherapy launches a two-pronged attack against cancer

Cancer affects millions and millions of people every year. Scientists would like to encourage our own immune system to attack it, which is why immunotherapies are probably the most promising treatments for cancer. Now scientists at UCL developed a new kind of immunotherapy, which launches a two-pronged attack against melanoma, […]
November 10, 2020

Preventing frailty could delay or prevent dementia

Dementia is in the cards for many. It is a common typically age-related cognitive decline, which is a burden for the patients and their families. Dementia is an incurable condition and one of the most common causes of death as well. It is estimated that around 50 million people globally […]
November 10, 2020

BioVaxys Files Patent Application for Novel COVID-19 Diagnostic for T-Cell Immunity

BioVaxys Technology Corp. (CSE: BIOV) (“BioVaxys” or “the Company”), a world leader in haptenized protein vaccine research and development, announced that it has filed a Provisional Patent Application with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office entitled “Method and kit for detection of cell mediated immune response” related to the potential […]
November 10, 2020

Researchers Apply Microvesicle Technology for Nerve Repair

Nerve injury is a common clinical problem. The repair or regeneration of the defective nerve is a complex process. Peripheral nerves have a limited capacity to regenerate after an injury. Microvesicles are a type of extracellular vesicles that are released from the cell membrane. The membranes of mesenchymal stem cells, […]
November 10, 2020

Research maps gene functions in pancreas cells that lead to diabetes

A team of researchers led by a University of Alberta pharmacology professor has mapped the function and gene expression of individual insulin-producing cells within the human pancreas, opening new paths of research for diagnosing and treating diabetes. “There’s been a lot of excitement the last few years about understanding how pancreatic beta […]
November 10, 2020

Biomedical engineers investigate engineered tissue to treat lung disease

Research by University at Buffalo biomedical engineers Ruogang Zhao and Yun Wu may help discover new drugs to treat pulmonary fibrosis, a severe lung disease that can be life-threatening. Pulmonary fibrosis has many causes, including smoking, ageing, environmental factors and viral infections, such as those associated with COVID-19. There is […]
November 10, 2020

Researcher narrows time window for administering specific treatment to infants with Krabbe disease

A team of University at Buffalo researchers have published a paper in Nature Communications that is helping to define the best time to give specific treatment to infants born with Krabbe disease (KD). This treatment has been found to prolong life for these infants, for as long as a few […]
November 10, 2020

A more abundant hormone to treat atrial fibrillation

Calcitonin, a well-known thyroid hormone that helps regulate bone mass and collagen production, is also produced by cells in the heart, researchers in Canada, the U.S., the U.K. and Australia have found. Published in Nature, their breakthrough promises to aid in developing new treatments for people with atrial fibrillation (AF), a common […]
November 10, 2020

Shifts in water temperatures affect eating habits of larval tuna at critical life stage, study finds

Small shifts in ocean temperature can have significant effects on the eating habits of blackfin tuna during the larval stage of development when finding food and growing quickly are critical to long-term survival, a new study from Oregon State University researchers has found. In a year of warmer water conditions, larval […]
November 10, 2020

Predicting Heart Disease: How Common Risk Factors Measure up in Individuals with Obesity

The standard approach of assessing long-term risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) works just as well for patients who are overweight as they do for patients at an optimal weight, according to a new study in JAMA Network Open. Led by Rohan Khera, MD, MS, an assistant professor of cardiovascular medicine at […]
November 9, 2020

Diet and lifestyle during pregnancy linked to modifications in infants’ DNA

A new study has shown pregnant women with obesity could reduce the health risks for their infants through improved diet and more physical activity. Research published in the journal PLosMed investigates the impact of high glucose in mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and changes to infants DNA. GDM is […]
November 9, 2020

Researchers show how to target a 'shape-shifting' protein in Alzheimer’s disease

A new study suggests that it is possible to design drugs that can target a type of shape-shifting protein involved in Alzheimer’s disease, which was previously thought to be undruggable. A team of researchers, led by the University of Cambridge, have identified a new mechanism of targeting amyloid-beta, a protein […]
November 9, 2020

Technique to regenerate the optic nerve offers hope for future glaucoma treatment

Scientists have used gene therapy to regenerate damaged nerve fibres in the eye, in a discovery that could aid the development of new treatments for glaucoma, one of the leading causes of blindness worldwide. Axons – nerve fibres – in the adult central nervous system (CNS) do not normally regenerate […]
November 9, 2020

Genes that shift butterfly wing colors identified

Cornell researchers have identified three genes responsible for changing the color of common buckeye butterfly wings, depending on what time of year the egg hatches and larvae develop. If the larvae develop early in the year, when days are shorter and colder, the butterflies (Junonia coenia) reach maturity in summer with […]
November 9, 2020

Effective new approach for treating people affected by diabetic eye disease

A new Liverpool led study, published in Diabetologia, presents the results of the largest clinical trial for diabetic retinopathy. The study highlights a new approach that could transform diabetic eye screening around the world that also has a significant cost saving for the NHS. The number of people living with diabetes […]
November 9, 2020

Primordial shapeshifters

It's the holy grail of synthetic biologists: creating a living cell from scratch. So far they’ve managed to make simple prototypes—essentially tiny fat balloons with a soup of genetic material inside, capable of reading genetic code, producing proteins, and transporting molecules around. Yet these artificial blobs lack an essential feature […]
November 9, 2020

MU Researchers Identify how Night-Shift Work Causes Internal Clock Confusion in Body

Night-shift workers face an increased risk of obesity and diabetes, but the underlying reason for that has been a mystery. Now, University of Missouri School of Medicine researchers have found a potential cause for metabolic changes during night-shift work that creates confusion between cells in the body and the central clock in […]
November 8, 2020

Model could improve design of vaccines, immunotherapies

The body's immune system defeats diseases by sensing foreign invaders, such as bacteria or viruses, then mounting a response against them. But how immune cell receptors work together to sense multiple molecules and make these decisions remained a mystery. Now, researchers at the Pritzker School of Molecular Engineering at the University […]
November 7, 2020

Drug Screen in 3-D Cell Culture Identifies Promising Lead Against Bladder Cancer Subtype

Researchers at the University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center have identified a promising targeted therapy against the basal subtype of bladder cancer by screening 3-D cell cultures. MEK inhibitors showed the strongest response against the basal molecular subtype, the research group reported in Oncotarget. “It’s becoming more and more clear that […]
November 7, 2020

The gut trains the immune system to protect the brain

Gut-trained immune cells at CNS borders guard against meningitis and other infections. The membranes surrounding our brains are in a never-ending battle against deadly infections, as germs constantly try to elude watchful immune cells and sneak past a special protective barrier called the meninges. In a study involving mice and […]
November 6, 2020

Blood cell mutations confound prostate cancer liquid biopsy

Unrelated mutations, when present in the blood, can lead to false positive results in men with advanced prostate cancer who are undergoing liquid biopsies.  Such tests, which look for variants in the cell-free DNA that tumors shed into the blood plasma, help determine suitable treatment options. “You can actually measure […]
November 6, 2020

Western diet impairs odor-related learning and olfactory memory in mice

Problems with the sense of smell appear to be an early indicator of cognitive decline in people with type 2 diabetes. However, it’s unknown whether factors such as diet and obesity play a role in who develops these symptoms. Now, researchers reporting in ACS Chemical Neuroscience found that mice fed a moderate-fat, […]
November 6, 2020

Climate Change Will Give Rise to More Cancers

Climate change will bring an acute toll worldwide, with rising temperatures, wildfires and poor air quality, accompanied by higher rates of cancer, especially lung, skin and gastrointestinal cancers, according to a new report from UC San Francisco. In an analysis of nearly five dozen published scientific papers, the researchers provided […]
November 5, 2020

Yale Scientists Identify New Genes Related to Congenital Hydrocephalus

When babies are born with congenital hydrocephalus (CH), a condition traditionally thought to be a result of a buildup of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the brain, neurosurgeons normally treat the condition by surgically implanting a shunt that drains fluid from the brain into the abdomen. “This neurosurgical treatment can be […]
November 5, 2020

Big babies, little mothers: tsetse flies show extreme mothering

The tsetse fly is an exception to the almost universal law of nature that babies are born smaller than their mothers. In an article published in BioEssays, Drs Sinead English and Antoine Barreaux from the University of Bristol’s School of Biological Sciences, together with colleagues at the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, and the Universities of Greenwich, Stellenbosch and California […]
November 4, 2020

Goodnight… everything you would like to know about sleep, dreams, dreaming, and their disorders

Since an average human spends one-third of their life asleep, it is apparent that the quality of sleep has an important impact on the overall life quality. Sleep has restorative power and improves human brain functioning, in particular memory and attention. Sleepy people have problems with concentration and commit more […]