Related Science News – Page 34 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

December 19, 2018

Newly identified enzyme could play key role in childbirth and muscle diseases, Stanford scientists say

Since the 1960s, scientists have known of a modification that occurs to a particular molecule in muscles, especially after exercise. What scientists haven’t known is how that modification happens, or even why. Now, in a serendipitous finding that started with seemingly unrelated work in viral infections, a team of Stanford […]
December 19, 2018

Polycystic ovary syndrome might spell trouble for middle-aged women

Women with polycystic ovary syndrome develop metabolic syndrome earlier than women without the condition—likely putting them at higher risk of developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease, according to a new study by the University of Michigan. Unlike other studies that examined polycystic ovary syndrome and metabolic syndrome at only one point […]
December 19, 2018

New, dual-function vaccine design

University of Tokyo researchers developed a novel approach to boost the effectiveness of a new type of vaccine. This approach is expected to be highly adaptable and boost the potential applications of new vaccines for personalized immunotherapy for cancer and prevention of emerging or re-emerging infectious diseases. Until now, so-called […]
December 19, 2018

Growing a brain

Scientists identified two distinct control mechanisms in the developmental transition of undifferentiated stem cells into healthy brain cells. This fundamental research using mice may inform regenerative medicine treatments for neurodegenerative diseases and spinal cord injuries, in the future. When an embryo develops, stem cells differentiate into all the types of […]
December 19, 2018

Sex Chromosomes Hold the Secret to Female Longevity

Around the world, women outlive men. This is true in sickness and in health, in war and in peace, even during severe epidemics and famine. In most animal species, females live longer than males. Now, scientists at UC San Francisco have zeroed in on a possible genetic mechanism for this […]
December 19, 2018

Sugar targets gut microbe linked to lean and healthy people

Sugar can silence a key protein required for colonization by a gut bacterium associated with lean and healthy individuals, according to a new Yale study published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA. The gut microbiota plays a key role in human health, and its […]
December 19, 2018

Possible biomarker for multiple sclerosis identified

A biomarker for multiple sclerosis has been identified in humans by researchers at Purdue University and the Indiana University School of Medicine. A biomarker for multiple sclerosis that could be an early warning for the disease has shown promise in both human and animal testing. Researchers at Purdue University and […]
December 18, 2018

Metabolic syndrome increases risk of pregnancy complications

Research led by the University of Adelaide shows that metabolic syndrome in pregnant women increases their risk for pregnancy complications including preeclampsia and gestational diabetes by 2-4 times. Published in the journal PLOS Medicine the research assessed maternal metabolic health at 15 weeks’ gestation in 5530 women in the international […]
December 18, 2018

Teens get more sleep, show improved grades and attendance with later school start time, researchers find

When Seattle Public Schools announced that it would reorganize school start times across the district for the fall of 2016, the massive undertaking took more than a year to deploy. Elementary schools started earlier, while most middle and all of the district’s 18 high schools shifted their opening bell almost an hour later — […]
December 18, 2018

The 'Graying' of T Cells

The elderly suffer more serious complications from infections and benefit less from vaccination than the general population. Scientists have long known that a weakened immune system is to blame but the exact mechanisms behind this lagging immunity have remained largely unknown. Now research led by investigators at Harvard Medical School […]
December 18, 2018

NIH scientists find that breast cancer protection from pregnancy starts decades later

In general, women who have had children have a lower risk of breast cancer compared to women who have never given birth. However, new research has found that moms don’t experience this breast cancer protection until many years later and may face elevated risk for more than 20 years after […]
December 18, 2018

New genetic clues to early-onset form of dementia

Unlike the more common Alzheimer’s disease, frontotemporal dementia tends to afflict young people. It accounts for an estimated 20 percent of all cases of early-onset dementia. Patients with the illness typically begin to suffer memory loss by their early 60s, but it can affect some people as young as their […]
December 18, 2018

New cervical cancer test has 100 per cent detection rate

A new test for cervical cancer was found to detect all of the cancers in a randomised clinical screening trial of 15,744 women, outperforming both the current Pap smear and human papillomavirus (HPV) test at a reduced cost, according to a study led by Queen Mary University of London. The […]
December 18, 2018

New drug seeks receptors in sarcoma cells, attacks tumors in animal trials

A new compound that targets a receptor within sarcoma cancer cells shrank tumors and hampered their ability to spread in mice and pigs, a study from researchers at the University of Illinois reports. The researchers conducted a multi-year, cross-disciplinary study that went from screening potential drug candidates to identifying and synthesizing one […]
December 17, 2018

Exercising in the Evening is not Disruptive to Sleep, New Research Review Finds

The common recommendation to avoid physical activity in the four hours prior to bed due to its potentially negative effects on sleep might actually be false, at least according to a new review of the scientific literature on the topic. Having looked at 23 studies which have met the inclusion […]
December 17, 2018

Tracking the footprints of protein synthesis

To trace which proteins are produced and when, researchers say, just follow the ribosome “footprints.” Researchers are tracking these large molecular machines, following their trails of protein synthesis to determine how precisely cells produce their protein components. Building too few might upset growth, metabolism, and maintenance, while too many might […]
December 17, 2018

CRISPR Joins Battle of the Bulge, Fights Obesity Without Edits to Genome

A weighty new study shows that CRISPR therapies can cut fat without cutting DNA. In a paper published in the journal Science, UC San Francisco researchers describe how a modified version of CRISPR was used to ramp up the activity of certain genes and prevent severe obesity in mice with genetic mutations […]
December 17, 2018

Ritalin drives greater connection between brain areas key to memory, attention

There’s a reason so many children are prescribed methylphenidate, better known by the trade name Ritalin: it helps kids quell attention and hyperactivity problems and sit still enough to focus on a school lesson. The drug keeps more of the neurotransmitter dopamine loose among brain cells, enhancing cell-to-cell transmission of […]
December 14, 2018

Regrowing damaged nerves hinges on shutting down key genes

Neurons in the brain and spinal cord don’t grow back after injury, unlike those in the rest of the body. Cut your finger, and you’ll probably be back to using it in days or weeks; slice through your spinal cord, and you likely will never walk again. Now, working in […]
December 14, 2018

Study links frequent red meat consumption to high levels of chemical associated with heart disease

Researchers have identified another reason to limit red meat consumption: high levels of a gut-generated chemical called trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO), that also is linked to heart disease. Scientists found that people who eat a diet rich in red meat have triple the TMAO levels of those who eat a diet […]
December 14, 2018

Moderate or severe sleep apnea doubles risk of hard-to-treat hypertension in African-Americans

African-Americans with moderate or severe sleep apnea are twice as likely to have hard-to-control high blood pressure when their sleep apnea goes untreated, according to a new study funded mainly by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), part of the National Institutes of Health. The findings, which researchers […]
December 14, 2018

Why Many Older Patients with Low Risk Still Want Colorectal Cancer Screenings

It’s a simple message, but as screening recommendations for colorectal and other cancers become more complicated, what happens when the message becomes “maybe get screened” or even “stop screening”? A new study in JAMA Network Open finds nearly one-third of veterans who underwent recommended screening colonoscopies were uncomfortable with the idea of […]
December 14, 2018

Why Every Pancreatic Cancer Patient Should Consider Genetic Testing

Genetics may play a larger role in pancreatic cancer than previously thought, an expert panel has found. It’s led to the American Society of Clinical Oncology recommending that genetic testing be offered to anyone diagnosed with pancreatic cancer. The goal: to help identify family members who might be at greater risk. “It […]
December 14, 2018

CCNY-Yale researchers make shape shifting cell breakthrough

A new computational model developed by researchers from The City College of New York and Yale gives a clearer picture of the structure and mechanics of soft, shape-changing cells that could provide a better understanding of cancerous tumor growth, wound healing, and embryonic development. Mark D. Shattuck, professor of physics at City […]
December 14, 2018

Researchers use zinc to target insulin-producing cells with regenerative drug

An insulin injection can manage diabetes symptoms, but actually curing the disease would mean healing cells in the pancreas that produce insulin, a hormone that regulates the amount of sugar in blood. One promising approach may be to stimulate the regeneration of those cells with drugs. But there’s a major […]
December 13, 2018

Receiving genetic information can alter a person’s risk

Millions of people in the United States alone have submitted their DNA for analysis and received information that not only predicts their risk for disease but, it turns out, in some cases might also have influenced that risk, according to a recent study by researchers at Stanford University. The team, […]
December 13, 2018

Rift Valley Fever is Catastrophic to Developing Fetuses

Like Zika, infection with Rift Valley fever virus can go unnoticed during pregnancy, all the while doing irreparable – often lethal – harm to the fetus. The results of a new study, led by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh Center for Vaccine Research (CVR), underscore the importance of disease prevention for […]
December 13, 2018

How does cancer spread?

How does cancer spread? While studying human brain tumour cells, a team of scientists at the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre (RI-MUHC) found some answers to this crucial, yet so far unanswered question. They looked at a gene called EGFRvIII, which is present in patients with glioblastoma – […]
December 13, 2018

New method for studying ALS more effectively

The neurodegenerative disease ALS causes motor neuron death and paralysis. However, long before the cells die, they lose contact with the muscles as their axons atrophy. Researchers at Karolinska Institutet have now devised a new method that radically improves the ability to study axons and thus to better understand the […]
December 13, 2018

Breast Cancer Recruits Bone Marrow Cells to Increase Cancer Cell Proliferation

Tel Aviv University researchers have discovered that breast cancer tumors boost their growth by recruiting stromal cells that originate in bone marrow. While the recruitment of bone marrow-derived fibroblasts lowers the odds of surviving breast cancer, the study suggests that targeting these cells with new therapies could be an effective way […]