Related Science News – Page 59 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

February 22, 2021

Store Fat or Burn It? Targeting a Single Protein Flips the Switch

As obesity becomes a growing issue worldwide – nearly tripling over the last-half century – scientists are trying to gain a better understanding of the condition at the molecular level. Now, new research led by UC San Francisco scientists suggests that a single protein could play an outsized role in […]
February 22, 2021

Developing a targeted delivery system to treat cancer

In the ongoing battle to find ways to treat cancer, a team at the University of Missouri is addressing the problem from multiple angles, but with a precision approach. Cancer patients are often given chemotherapy, cancer-fighting drugs that kill cancerous cells and can also have harsh effects on healthy cells. […]
February 20, 2021

Mediterranean-style diet can help you maintain the sharpness of your mind

Sharpness of your mind is definitely very important to you. And we all would like to stay sharp for as long as possible, although age-related dementia is in the cards for many. How can we avoid that? Scientists from the University of Edinburgh have found a way to maintain the […]
February 20, 2021

An mRNA vaccine for cancer immunotherapy

Messenger RNA (mRNA) vaccines to prevent COVID-19 have made headlines around the world recently, but scientists have also been working on mRNA vaccines to treat or prevent other diseases, including some forms of cancer. Now, researchers reporting in ACS’ Nano Letters have developed a hydrogel that, when injected into mice with […]
February 19, 2021

University of Alberta researchers launch program to diagnose genetic diseases in children

A new University of Alberta pilot program aims to find answers and better treatments for children living with rare genetic conditions. The Undiagnosed Disease Program, launched in January, is a collaboration between the Women and Children’s Health Research Institute (WCHRI) and U of A researchers from medical genetics and pediatric neurology to […]
February 19, 2021

Half of COVID-19 patients with raised levels of one protein experience heart damage

COVID-19 is a dangerous respiratory infection, which can lead to severe complications. One of such complications is heart damage. Scientists at UCL found that more than 50% of patients hospitalised with COVID-19, who had raised levels of a protein called troponin, have some heart damage. Having in mind that troponin […]
February 19, 2021

Protein linked to Alzheimer’s, strokes cleared from brain blood vessels

As people age, a normal brain protein is known as amyloid-beta often starts to collect into harmful amyloid plaques in the brain. Such plaques can be the first step on the path to Alzheimer’s dementia. When they form around blood vessels in the brain, a condition known as cerebral amyloid […]
February 19, 2021

Stents or bypass surgery more effective for stable patients with high-risk cardiac anatomy: study

Location of blockages in a patient’s heart is a key consideration in selecting the right treatment, U of A cardiologists find. A new study by University of Alberta cardiologists at the Canadian VIGOUR Centre shows that a particular group of patients with stable ischemic heart disease have better outcomes with the […]
February 19, 2021

Measuring the pancreas’s protein landscape assists diabetes and cancer research

The pancreas is one of the most important organs in the body. It produces insulin to regulate blood sugar and helps digest food. If the pancreas goes haywire, diabetes, cancer, or other diseases threaten lives. Yet, a lot remains unknown about how the pancreas keeps people healthy and how the […]
February 19, 2021

Suppressed immune response linked to failed bone healing

If all goes as envisioned, research done at the UO could one day lead to a blood test to guide treatment for trauma victims whose bones may be slow to heal. A team led by Robert Guldberg of the UO’s Phil and Penny Knight Campus for Accelerating Scientific Impact reported […]
February 19, 2021

Pore-like proteins designed from scratch

In a milestone for biomolecular design, a team of scientists has succeeded in creating new proteins that adopt one of the most complex folds known to molecular biology. These designer proteins were shown in the lab to spontaneously fold into their intended structures and embed into lipid membranes. As reported […]
February 18, 2021

SARS-CoV-2 protein blocks an essential step in host gene expression, new discovery finds

Vanderbilt biochemist Yi Ren is part of a team that has identified a new behaviour of a SARS-CoV-2 protein and discovered that interfering with its function can block virus replication in host cells. This opens up the potential for new therapeutic targets for COVID-19. The article, “Nsp1 Protein of SARS-CoV-2 Disrupts […]
February 18, 2021

Viruses can ‘hijack’ cellular process to block immune response

Research led by McGill University and Queen’s University Belfast has found that viruses can ‘hijack’ an existing molecular process in the cell in order to block the body’s antiviral immune response to a viral infection. The results of the study have been published in the journal Molecular Cell. As the current […]
February 18, 2021

Functional ultrasound imaging reveals the dynamics of brain states in preterm babies

The Physics for Medicine Paris laboratory (Inserm/ESPCI Paris-PSL/CNRS), in collaboration with Robert Debré Hospital (AP-HP/Inserm) is developing functional ultrasound imaging to monitor the brain activity of neonates in a way that existing neuroimaging modalities do not achieve. Their latest study, published in Nature Communications, marks another leap forward by demonstrating […]
February 18, 2021

Antibody-based COVID-19 treatments work best in concert with immune cells

Findings involving antibody effector functions could help improve design of next-generation COVID-19 antibody drugs. Of the nine treatments and preventives for COVID-19 authorized for emergency use by the Food and Drug Administration, three are drugs made from so-called monoclonal antibodies. Such drugs provide patients with ready-made antibodies that neutralize the […]
February 18, 2021

Discovery of a new drug for diabetic retinopathy

With a San Francisco biotech company, an UdeM eye expert develops a treatment that could potentially treat patients who suffer from this degenerative disease of the retina. Potentially effective treatment for diabetic retinopathy, a disease that swells and scars the retina, has been developed by an Université de Montréal scientist […]
February 18, 2021

Developing a targeted delivery system to treat cancer

In the ongoing battle to find ways to treat cancer, a team at the University of Missouri is addressing the problem from multiple angles, but with a precision approach. Cancer patients are often given chemotherapy, cancer-fighting drugs that kill cancerous cells and can also have harsh effects on healthy cells. […]
February 18, 2021

You can pretty much run away from dementia, but women benefit from exercise more

We want to live as long as possible to enjoy the great adventures this Earth has to offer. However, we also want to be healthy and sharp. How can one decrease his risk of dementia? Well, a new research from the University of Queensland shows that you pretty much have […]
February 18, 2021

Middle-aged people with diabetes are facing a greater risk of COVID-19 death

As COVID-19 vaccines are rolling out, governments around the world are thinking about the most effective vaccination strategies. Who should get the vaccine first in order for the society to enjoy the greatest improvements in COVID-19 stats? Scientists at UCL say that one group might be overlooked – middle-aged people […]
February 18, 2021

Researchers eavesdrop on cellular conversations

New computational tool decodes biological language of signaling molecules. An interdisciplinary team of biologists and mathematicians at the University of California, Irvine have developed a new tool to help decipher the language cells use to communicate with one another. In a paper published in Nature Communications, the researchers introduce CellChat, […]
February 17, 2021

Combination treatment for common glioma type shows promise in mice

Gliomas are common brain tumors that comprise about one third of all cancers of the nervous system. In a study funded by the National Institutes of Health, researchers tested a novel combination treatment approach on mice with tumors with characteristics similar to human astrocytomas — a type of slow-growing glioma—and […]
February 17, 2021

Preventing pressure injuries

Pressure injuries, also known as bedsores, are often understood as merely painful or uncomfortable side effects of immobility or limited mobility from a spinal cord injury or other causes. But they can also be deadly: At least 60,000 people die from pressure ulcers each year in the United States, according to […]
February 17, 2021

Immune therapies for heart disease aim of international research network

When a patient arrives in the emergency room with symptoms of a heart attack, doctors’ first priority is to restore blood flow to the heart muscle. Over the past few decades, therapeutic advances aimed at getting blood flowing and reducing strain on the heart have improved patients’ chances of surviving […]
February 17, 2021

Cystic Fibrosis and COVID-19

People with cystic fibrosis, or CF, don’t appear to be especially susceptible to COVID-19, and when they do get infected, they don’t seem to get sicker, based on clinical data so far. But Ruobing (Ruby) Wang, an assistant professor of paediatrics at Harvard Medical School who cares for patients with CF […]
February 17, 2021

Adversity in Childhood May Lead to Early Aging for Women

Women who have experienced high levels of trauma in childhood, such as abuse by a parent, are biologically older at the epigenetic cellular level in adulthood than women of the same age who have not experienced such adversity, according to a new study by UC San Francisco. Epigenetic “clocks” measure […]
February 17, 2021

‘AutoImmunoprofiler’ Builds on Success in Cancer Research to Advance Treatments for Autoimmune Diseases

UC San Francisco scientists have formed a research alliance with pharmaceutical firm Eli Lilly and Company aimed at better understanding autoimmune diseases and fostering the development of new therapies. Based on the innovative Immunoprofiler model launched at UCSF in 2015, the new initiative, called AutoImmunoprofiler, inherits the most successful aspects of […]
February 17, 2021

3D images provide important knowledge about brain health

The brain is involved in everything in our body. When so-called neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's, ALS and multiple sclerosis attack the brain, they gradually degrade the human ability to concentrate, speak, remember and move. Despite extensive research, there is much that we still do not know about the brain. […]
February 17, 2021

Study Finds Alligator Hearts Keep Beating No Matter What

Mammals and cold-blooded alligators share a common four-chamber heart structure – unique among reptiles – but that’s where the similarities end. Unlike humans and other mammals, whose hearts can fibrillate under stress, alligators have built-in antiarrhythmic protection. The findings from new research were reported in the journal Integrative Organismal Biology. […]
February 17, 2021

Fixer-upper: Understanding the DNA repair toolkit to chart cancer evolution

The relationship between DNA repair pathways and cancer cells can give scientists clues for identifying potential treatments The ongoing fight of science against cancer has made great strides, but cancer cells have not made it easy. The complexity of cancer cells and their adaptive evolutionary nature complicate the search for […]
February 17, 2021

Radioactive bone cement found to be safer in treating spinal tumors

A radioactive bone cement that’s injected into bone to provide support and local irradiation is proving to be a safer alternative to conventional radiation therapy for bone tumors, according to a study led by University of California, Irvine researchers. The study shows that this brachytherapy cement can be placed into […]