Related Science News – Page 32 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

November 22, 2019

Sleep problems in children with genetic condition linked to mental health issues, clumsiness and impaired planning ability

The researchers found nearly two thirds (60%) of the group aged 17 and under experienced insomnia or restless sleep and in turn, a higher proportion of these had conditions such as ADHD, anxiety disorders and conduct disorder. Furthermore, those with sleep problems were also more likely to have movement problems, […]
November 22, 2019

Researchers discover potential new treatment for rare muscle-wasting disease

A team of Cardiff University researchers has uncovered a potential new way to treat a very rare genetic disorder that causes muscles in the arms and legs to become increasingly weak. GNE myopathy is a debilitating condition that affects young adults in their 20s or 30s, typically leaving them in […]
November 22, 2019

Breastfeeding and Infant Mortality

A new study published by The Journal of Pediatrics shows increased rates of implementation of hospital-based breastfeeding initiatives are associated with decreased rates of infant deaths in the first six days after birth, dispelling speculation that such practices might increase infant death. The authors of the study examined trends in the percentage of births […]
November 22, 2019

New blood test can help catching deadly eye melanoma early

Melanoma is a deadly form of skin cancer. It is not easy to notice, because people are not paying attention. You have to look after your moles and skin pigmentation – this is the only way to catch melanoma early. However, it is even more difficult to recognize and identify […]
November 21, 2019

Wound healing in mucous tissues could ward off AIDS

Wound-repair capabilities preserve tissue integrity during early infection and might prevent inflammation that underlies immune exhaustion. Wound healing events in mucous tissues during early infection by Simian Immunodeficiency Virus, or SIV, guard some primate species against developing  AIDS, a recent study has learned.  The research looked at why certain species […]
November 21, 2019

Widower’s search for cancer cure takes surprising turn

When his wife died of a rare ovarian cancer 10 years ago, Powel Crosley vowed to find a cure. Despite a lack of scientific training at the time, he is now within sight of the first ever clinical test for a treatment. The 66-year-old will graduate tomorrow with a master’s […]
November 21, 2019

Scientists find promising drug combination against lethal childhood brain cancers

Researchers have devised a new plan of attack against a group of deadly childhood brain cancers collectively called diffuse midline gliomas (DMG), including diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG), thalamic glioma and spinal cord glioma. Scientists at the National Institutes of Health, Stanford University, California, and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, identified […]
November 21, 2019

Healthy Longevity Global Grand Challenge

By 2030, for the first time in recorded history, the old will begin to outnumber the young. This demographic shift poses significant social, economic, and health challenges, but also presents an unprecedented opportunity for accelerating research, innovation, and entrepreneurism in the field of healthy longevity – thereby building more vibrant […]
November 21, 2019

Arthritis drugs could be repurposed to help prevent breast cancer spreading to the bone, study suggests

Drugs commonly used to treat arthritis may help to prevent breast cancer spreading to the bone, where it is incurable, new research suggests. In a major new study published in Nature Communications, scientists propose that NHS arthritis drugs anakinra, canakinumab and sulfasalazine could in future be repurposed to help treat breast […]
November 20, 2019

Heart Guard: Why sedentary people have an increased risk for heart disease and strokes?

Harvard Medical School researchers based at Massachusetts General Hospital have identified a previously unknown biological pathway that promotes chronic inflammation, a discovery that may help explain why sedentary people have an increased risk for heart disease and strokes. Reporting in Nature Medicine, the researchers at Mass General and several other institutions […]
November 20, 2019

Milestone reached in new leukemia drug

Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory scientists, with chemists and cancer biologists from Dana-Farber Cancer Institute (DFCI), have developed a new therapy that extended the survival of mice with acute myeloid leukemia. The scientists are the first to demonstrate the anti-cancer effect of blocking the Salt-Inducible Kinase 3 (SIK3) pathway in leukemia […]
November 20, 2019

Umbilical cord milking may be linked to higher risk of brain bleeding in preterm infants

Milking the umbilical cord — gently squeezing the cord and pushing the contents into the newborn’s abdomen before clamping the cord — could increase the risk for severe intraventricular hemorrhage, or bleeding into the brain’s fluid-filled cavities, in extremely preterm infants, according to results of a study funded by the […]
November 20, 2019

How people with Type 2 diabetes can get the benefits of exercise while reducing the risks

Adults with Type 2 diabetes may have more to gain by participating in physical activity and exercise than healthy adults, but they may also have more to lose, according to University of Alberta exercise and diabetes physiology researchers. “Exercise can improve one’s glucose levels, which can help slow the progression […]
November 20, 2019

Scientists discover new drugs with potential to treat stubborn cancers

Researchers at the University of Alberta have discovered a new class of drugs with the potential to make cancer treatment safer and more effective by preventing cancer cells from repairing themselves. “For patients with resistant cancer, these drugs could rescue them by rendering their cancer once again treatable,” said U […]
November 20, 2019

New Pulsed Electric Field Technology Could Allow for Less Invasive Tumor Molecular Profiling

Current cancer treatment courses often begin with tissue biopsies. Biopsies, however, which involve the physical resection of a small tissue sample, can lead to localized tissue injury, bleeding, inflammation, and stress, as well as increased risk of metastasis. New technology developed by a team of researchers from Tel Aviv University (TAU), […]
November 20, 2019

Thinking Small. PNNL Focuses on Tiny Particles to Fight Global Problems Like Cancer

Researchers at the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory are developing tiny solutions for some of today's largest challenges. From understanding the basic properties of nanomaterials thousands of times thinner than a human hair to developing nanomaterials with unique and useful properties, their research could lead to big outcomes […]
November 19, 2019

The difference between an expert’s brain and a novice’s

When mice learn to do a new task, their brain activities change over time as they advance from ‘novice’ to ‘expert.’ The changes are reflected in the wiring of cell circuits and the activities of neurons. Using a two-photon imaging microscope and a wealth of genetic tools, researchers from Cold […]
November 19, 2019

Coming to a Head: Insights from a Vampire of the Deep

Lamprey is blood-sucking vampire-like fish that attach to and eventually kill game fish, making them the bane of many a fisherman's existences. Like something out of a horror film, these parasites use radial rows of sharp teeth to dig into the skin of their host and extract blood and other […]
November 19, 2019

Mitochondrial Mixing Mechanism Critical for Sperm Production in Mice

Mitochondria, often thought of as the powerhouses of cells, are just one part of a larger living thing, but they are unique among cellular structures in that they have their own DNA that is distinct from that of their parent cells. And just like their parent cells, mitochondria need quality-control […]
November 19, 2019

Exposure to HIV drug in the womb may increase risk of microcephaly, developmental delays in children

NIH-funded study finds higher risks for children of women who took efavirenz during pregnancy. Children born to women on HIV therapy containing the drug efavirenz were 2 to 2.5 times more likely to have microcephaly, or small head size, compared to children born to women on regimens of other antiretroviral […]
November 19, 2019

Early Diagnosis of Pregnancy-Associated Heart Disease Linked to Significantly Better Outcomes

Women who are diagnosed with peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) during late pregnancy or within a month following delivery are more likely to experience restored cardiac function and improved outcomes compared to those who are diagnosed later in the postpartum period, according to a new study from Penn Medicine. The findings underscore the […]
November 19, 2019

Stem Cells and AI: Better Together

One day in the future when you need medical care, someone will examine you, diagnose the problem, remove some of your body’s healthy cells, and then use them to grow a cure for your ailment. The therapy will be personalized and especially attuned to you and your body, your genes, […]
November 19, 2019

Improving the odds for patients with heart pumps

A new Yale study shows that some patients being treated for severe heart failure with a battery-operated pump saw significant improvement after additionally using neurohormonal blockade (NHB) drug therapy. NHB therapy, which includes three broad categories of drugs, including ACE inhibitors, has long been the standard therapy for treating heart […]
November 18, 2019

Can Uterine Fibroids Cause Infertility?

Uterine fibroids are a very common condition, and affected women often wonder if their pregnancy challenges are related to their fibroids. In this article, we discuss the ‘classic’ view on how fibroids can affect fertility, and the effects of different fibroid treatment options on fertility. Fibroids It is estimated that […]
November 18, 2019

‘Supergrowth’ Challenges Established Science of Cell Growth

Scientists are still grappling with questions as fundamental as how a cell actually grows. Cells are not just water-filled blobs but are chock-full of proteins, nucleic acids, lipids, and many other types of molecules. When a cell grows, it not only increases in size, it also has to make more […]
November 18, 2019

Could synthetic molecules provide a general treatment for Cystic Fibrosis?

A new treatment for lung disease in cystic fibrosis (CF) for which there remains no cure could potentially benefit all patients, according to a University of Bristol study published in Chemical Science. The findings are an important step towards a new therapy addressing the fundamental cause of cystic fibrosis. Cystic […]
November 18, 2019

Lithium can reverse radiation damage after brain tumour treatment

Children who have received radiotherapy for a brain tumour can develop cognitive problems later in life. In their studies on mice, researchers at Karolinska Institutet have now shown that the drug lithium can help to reverse the damage caused long after it has occurred. The study is published in the […]
November 18, 2019

Antibody injection stops peanut allergy for 2 to 6 weeks, study shows

A Stanford-led pilot study has provided early evidence that an antibody is a safe, effective and rapid food allergy treatment. One injection of an antibody treatment let people with severe peanut allergies eat a nut’s worth of peanut protein two weeks later, a small, Stanford-led pilot study showed. The study […]
November 18, 2019

Stress, Plastic Additives in Late Pregnancy Raise Risk of Premature Birth

Women exposed simultaneously to stress and plastic additives late in pregnancy are at increased risk for premature birth, according to a study by Rutgers and other institutions. The study, published in the journal Environment International, is the first to analyze a link between stress and phthalates – a group of chemicals in plastics, personal […]
November 15, 2019

NIH, NIST researchers use artificial intelligence for quality control of stem cell-derived tissues

Researchers used artificial intelligence (AI) to evaluate stem cell-derived “patches” of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) tissue for implanting into the eyes of patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a leading cause of blindness. The proof-of-principle study helps pave the way for AI-based quality control of therapeutic cells and tissues. The […]