Related Science News – Page 285 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

January 15, 2018

Removing the Immunotherapy Blindfold

Immunotherapies are promising in theory, but often not in practice. In fact according to experts, they actually only work 10 percent of the time in the treatment of cancer – at best. Yet, while immunotherapy drugs may only help a minority of patients, those who do respond often do extremely well. […]
January 15, 2018

New research improves our understanding of cancer cell regulation

A team of cancer researchers from the University, has made an important contribution to our understanding of cancer cell regulation which could better inform future cancer treatments. The research is funded by North West Cancer Research, which has ring-fenced £180,000 for the three year-long project which started in 2015. Led by Professor […]
January 15, 2018

New immunotherapy approach boosts body’s ability to destroy cancer cells

Few cancer treatments are generating more excitement these days than immunotherapy—drugs based on the principle that the immune system can be harnessed to detect and kill cancer cells, much in the same way that it goes after infectious microorganisms. Yet these treatments only benefit some patients, and remain ineffective in […]
January 15, 2018

‘Decorated’ Stem Cells Could Offer Targeted Heart Repair

Although cardiac stem cell therapy is a promising treatment for heart attack patients, directing the cells to the site of an injury – and getting them to stay there – remains challenging. In a new pilot study using an animal model, North Carolina State University researcher Ke Cheng and his […]
January 15, 2018

By Altering Bone Marrow, ‘Training’ Can Prepare Innate Immune System for Future Challenges

When you receive a vaccine against a disease like polio or influenza, your immune system gears up to defend against that particular infection. If you wind up getting chickenpox instead, or even a slightly different strain of the flu, you would be out of luck. That’s because traditional vaccines enlist […]
January 15, 2018

New Polygenic Hazard Score Predicts When Men Develop Prostate Cancer

An international team, led by researchers at the University of California San Diego School of Medicine, has developed and validated a genetic tool for predicting age of onset of aggressive prostate cancer, a disease that kills more than 26,000 American men annually. The tool, described in the journal BMJ (formerly the British Medical […]
January 15, 2018

Survival for young women treated for breast cancer is the same whether or not they carry a BRCA mutation

After treatment, young women diagnosed with breast cancer who carry a BRCA mutation have the same chances of survival as women without the mutation, according to a prospective cohort study led by the University of Southampton. BRCA mutations occur in either the BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene, and are inherited. These […]
January 15, 2018

Seeing Alzheimer’s disease

What if we could diagnose early-stage Alzheimer’s disease (AD) by looking into a person’s eyes? A retinal scan technique, developed by researchers in the University’s Center for Drug Design (CDD), has the potential to detect AD in its early stages, when treatment may still be possible, and also to allow […]
January 15, 2018

Fed grant will help unlock embryonic secrets

Rice University bioscientist Aryeh Warmflash has won a major National Institutes of Health grant to analyze a protein-signaling pathway that directs the differentiation of embryonic stem cells into the cells of the skin and the nervous system. The work will build upon Warmflash’s research into human embryonic development and the mechanisms by which nearly […]
January 14, 2018

Mediterranean diet could help older people fight off frailty

Everyone wants to be strong and young as long as possible. However, with old age comes frailty. Are there any ways to defeat it? Scientists from UCL say that diet is a good way. A new research revealed that a Mediterranean diet that is rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains […]
January 12, 2018

Wearable Age Simulator

We can not influence what has been, but we have a real opportunity to change what awaits us. 3D printing technology is already revolutionizing the world, and this is just the beginning. Aging is an inseparable element of every human existence, regardless of skin color, sex or place of residence. […]
January 12, 2018

Frozen vs. fresh embryos for IVF? Study finds little impact on fertility

Many women struggling to have a baby turn to in-vitro fertilization to improve their chances, and then face further uncertainty and anxiety when confronted with the decision of whether to use frozen or fresh embryos. A new study by a researcher at Yale School of Public Health and co-authors in […]
January 12, 2018

Computer program finds new uses for old drugs

Researchers at the Case Comprehensive Cancer Center (CCCC) at Case Western Reserve University have helped develop a computer program to find new indications for old drugs. The computer program, called DrugPredict, matches existing data about FDA-approved drugs to diseases, and predicts potential drug efficacy. In a recent study published in Oncogene, the […]
January 12, 2018

Tailoring cancer treatments to individual patients

Attempts to eradicate cancer are often compared to a “moonshot” — the successful effort that sent the first astronauts to the moon. But imagine if, instead of Newton's second law of motion, which describes the relationship between an object's mass and the amount of force needed to accelerate it, we […]
January 12, 2018

UCLA scientists make cells that enable the sense of touch

Researchers at the Eli and Edythe Broad Center of Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research at UCLA have, for the first time, coaxed human stem cells to become sensory interneurons — the cells that give us our sense of touch. The new protocol could be a step toward stem cell–based therapies to […]
January 11, 2018

Proteomics analyses could present new opportunities to diagnose and treat dementias

In the nervous system, a synapse is the place where signals are passed from neuron to neuron. The recently published paper focuses on synaptic dysfunction and its impact on dementia severity and cognition in the elderly with various dementia diagnoses. In addition to Alzheimer´s disease, the Lewy body dementias are the […]
January 11, 2018

New study offers added hope for patients awaiting corneal transplants

New national research led by Jonathan Lass of Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine has found that corneal donor tissue can be safely stored for 11 days before transplantation surgery to correct eye problems in people with diseases of the cornea. This is four days longer than the current […]
January 11, 2018

Cracking Tumor Defiance

Why does immunotherapy achieve dramatic results in some cancer patients but doesn’t help others? It is an urgent and vexing question for many cancer specialists. Now, two research groups from Harvard Medical School based at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute have independently discovered a genetic mechanism in cancer cells that influences whether […]
January 11, 2018

Discovery could help treat cancer more effectively

University of Alberta researchers have discovered a mechanism that may make cancer cells more susceptible to treatment. Post-doctoral fellow Mohammad Ali and his research team found that the protein RYBP prevents DNA repair in cancer cells, including breast cancer, which in turn could make chemo or radiation therapy more effective. […]
January 11, 2018

New stem cell method sheds light on a telltale sign of heart disease

While refining ways to grow arterial endothelial cells in the lab, a regenerative biology team at the Morgridge Institute for Research at the University of Wisconsin–Madison unexpectedly unearthed a powerful new model for studying a hallmark of vascular disease. The team, led by Morgridge Institute Fellow Dave Vereide, describes in the Jan. 9, […]
January 10, 2018

Scientists discover how parasite hacks into its host’s genes in plant-to-plant warfare

Research at Virginia Tech and Penn State that has revealed how a parasitic plant utilizes cross-species gene manipulation to attack its victims could lead to a method to engineer parasite-resistant plants. Dodder, a parasitic plant that damages millions of dollars' worth of crops each year, is a stealthy invader that […]
January 10, 2018

Stanford mechanical engineers give breast cancer research a boost

One of the most puzzling questions in breast cancer research is why some tumors stay put, while rogue cells from others break free and spread to surrounding tissues, the first step toward creating a more lethal disease. Although researchers have found some signs in mutated genes or telltale proteins on […]
January 9, 2018

Cancer targeted with reusable ‘stinging nettle’ treatment

Cancer cells can be destroyed more effectively and selectively with a unique new reusable treatment, activated with a substance found in stinging nettles and ants – thanks to new research by the University of Warwick.  Cancer cells killed more effectively and selectively with a new approach, using a substance found […]
January 9, 2018

Two UO chemistry projects shed new light on a cancer drug

One of the most widely used drugs to fight cancer could become more effective and safer, based on findings emerging from the lab of UO chemist Vickie DeRose. In two recently published papers, separate projects using different approaches and led by two of DeRose’s doctoral students have made new predictions for […]
January 8, 2018

Dirt-dwelling microbe produces potential anti-melanoma weapon

A type of soil-dwelling bacterium produces molecules that induce death in melanoma cells, research at Oregon State University shows. The molecule is a secondary metabolite, also known as a natural product, of Streptomyces bottropensis, and its properties are important because there are not many therapies that effectively manage melanoma, the […]
January 5, 2018

Supercharged antibiotics could turn tide against superbugs

An old drug supercharged by University of Queensland researchers has emerged as a new antibiotic that could destroy some of the world’s most dangerous superbugs. The supercharge technique , led by Dr Mark Blaskovich and Professor Matt Cooper from UQ’s Institute for Molecular Bioscience (IMB), potentially could revitalise other antibiotics. Antibiotic-resistant bacteria […]
January 5, 2018

Stem cell transplant for severe scleroderma improves survival, quality of life

New clinical trial findings show that a therapeutic regimen involving transplantation of a person’s own blood-forming stem cells can improve survival and quality of life for people with severe scleroderma, a life-threatening autoimmune disease. The regimen, known as myeloablative autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT), includes chemotherapy and total body […]
January 4, 2018

Cellular barcoding helps scientists understand the behavior of stem cells

By tagging bone marrow cells of mice with a genetic label, or barcode, researchers were able to track and describe the family tree of individual blood cells as they form in their natural environment. The scientists discovered that these cells regenerate differently than their counterparts do after a blood cell […]
January 4, 2018

Penn Engineers: Bone Marrow Transplant Stem Cells Can 'Swim' Upstream

When a cancer patient receives a bone marrow transplant, time is of the essence. Healthy stem cells, which can restart the production of blood cells and immune system components after a patient’s own are compromised, need to make their way from the circulatory system into the bones as quickly as […]
January 3, 2018

Unraveling the mechanisms that control cell growth and size

All living cells, from simple yeasts to human brain cells, regulate their rate of growth and their ultimate size and shape. How they do this, however, is one of the fundamental mysteries of biology. A new study, published in Current Biology, reveals a complex network of signals and feedback loops that control […]