Related Science News – Page 10 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

March 19, 2020

Using “organs-on-a-chip” to model complicated diseases

A new approach reveals how different tissues contribute to inflammatory diseases such as ulcerative colitis. MIT biological engineers have created a multi-tissue model that lets them study the relationships between different organs and the immune system, on a specialized microfluidic platform seeded with human cells. Using this type of model, […]
March 19, 2020

Researchers find an early behavioral marker for autism

In the first study of its kind, the University of Miami researchers have found a strong behavioral signal to indicate which infants who have an older sibling with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) will themselves be diagnosed with ASD as they grow older. The researchers found that such high-risk infants […]
March 19, 2020

In NIH trial, selumetinib shrinks tumors, provides clinical benefit for children with NF1

Findings from a phase 2 clinical trial show that the drug selumetinib improves outcomes for children with the genetic disorder neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). In the trial, selumetinib shrank the inoperable tumors that develop with NF1 called plexiform neurofibromas, and children experienced reduced pain, improved function, and better overall quality […]
March 19, 2020

Rapid, automatic identification of individual, live brain cells

Researchers working towards understanding the brain in high-definition, single-cell level of detail have designed a new computer program to identify each nerve cell in fluorescent microscope images of living worms. Previous attempts to automate the identification of individual nerve cells have been thwarted by the fact that the same cell […]
March 19, 2020

New technique ‘prints’ cells to create diverse biological environments

Like humans, cells are easily influenced by peer pressure. Take a neural stem cell in the brain: Whether this cell remains a stem cell or differentiates into a fully formed brain cell is ultimately determined by a complex set of molecular messages the cell receives from countless neighbors. Understanding these […]
March 18, 2020

Inflammation in the brain linked to several forms of dementia

Inflammation in the brain may be more widely implicated in dementias than was previously thought, suggests new research from the University of Cambridge. The researchers say it offers hope for potential new treatments for several types of dementia. Inflammation is usually the body’s response to injury and stress – such […]
March 18, 2020

How Gene Therapy May Hold Key to Treating Life-Threatening Cardiac Disease

Danon disease is a very rare, life-threatening condition where the fundamental biological process of removing and recycling proteins does not work. This impairment results in dysfunction of the heart, skeletal muscle, neurologic system, eyes, and liver. Most patients die or require heart transplants by the third decade of life. In […]
March 18, 2020

New scanner can improve the detection of cancer tissue and brain disease diagnoses

A group of neuroscience and neurotechnology researchers have conducted extensive research and developed a new brain imaging technology in two EU projects led by Aalto University. As a result of the successful research, a new project funded by Business Finland just started with the aim of making the devices usable for patients. […]
March 18, 2020

Vitamin D Boosts Chances of Walking After Hip Fracture

Senior citizens who are not vitamin D deficient have a better chance of walking after hip fracture surgery, according to a Rutgers-led study. The findings in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition suggest that vitamin D deficiency could limit mobility in older adults, said senior author Sue Shapses, a professor in the Department of […]
March 18, 2020

Where'd you get those genes? Individual growth can vary wildly when populations interbreed

Scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego have discovered why some hybrids between populations of the same species don't develop as well as others. The answers lie in their genes. “When individuals from different populations of the same species interbreed, there is often 'hybrid vigor' in […]
March 18, 2020

Viruses for the Good: Gene Therapy for Sickle Cell Disease

While the world worries about novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, other viruses continue to be used for the good – as vectors that ferry in healing genes for gene therapy and editing. Charles Hough calls himself “reborn” after lentiviruses – disabled versions of HIV – gave his blood cells the gene that overrides the […]
March 18, 2020

Loss of Protein Disturbs Intestinal Homeostasis and Can Drive Cancer

An international team of researchers from the University of Zurich, the University Hospital Zurich, Heidelberg and Glasgow has identified a novel function for the cell death regulating protein MCL1: It is essential in protecting the intestine against cancer development – independent of bacterial-driven inflammation. These findings have implications for the […]
March 18, 2020

Exploring cells' path to build cholesterol and finding a future drug target

Researchers based at UTokyo and RIKEN in Japan, and the University of New South Wales in Australia have uncovered a new aspect of one of the molecules involved in cells' production line to build cholesterol. This understanding could provide a new target for high-cholesterol medications and other drugs that kill […]
March 18, 2020

Deadlier colon cancer develops differently in women and men

Researchers have found that colon cancer tumor cells produce energy for growth differently in women and men and that this difference is associated with a more aggressive form of tumor growth with a higher incidence in women. In a study published in Scientific Reports, the authors note that this is […]
March 17, 2020

TREM2 Antibodies as an Immunotherapy for Alzheimer's Disease

Researchers here report on preliminary evidence that antibodies binding to TREM2 can enhance the ability of the immune cells known as microglia to clear out debris and metabolic waste in brain, particularly the amyloid-β plaques thought to contribute to the progression of the condition. Given the unremitting record of failure to date for amyloid-β clearance approaches to produce […]
March 17, 2020

Splicing Regulation and Naked Mole-Rat Longevity

Multiple proteins can be assembled from the blueprint of a any given gene, depending on which of the intron sequences (usually removed) and exon sequences (usually retained) within the overall gene sequence are included in the final protein. Splicing is the part of the gene expression process that determines this outcome, and regulation of splicing is one […]
March 17, 2020

Molds damage the lung’s protective barrier to spur future asthma attacks

University of Wisconsin–Madison researchers have identified a new way that common Aspergillus molds can induce asthma, by first attacking the protective tissue barrier deep in the lungs. In both mice and humans, an especially strong response to this initial damage was associated with developing an overreaction to future mold exposure and the […]
March 17, 2020

App Detects Harsh Side Effect of Breast Cancer Treatment

Some 20 percent of breast cancer survivors will suffer from lymphedema, a potentially severe side effect of treatment that makes arms swell with lymph. The disease is often overlooked, but commercially available app-based technology now makes early detection easier, allowing for proactive treatment. The lymphedema monitoring technology originated through research […]
March 16, 2020

AI Finds Genes Related to the Sense of Smell Play a Role in Development of Cancer

A number of previous studies have found that the roughly 400 olfactory genes present in the human body are sometimes expressed beyond the nose, posing an interesting question for researchers involved in the field of genetics. Now, a study published in Molecular Systems Biology has shown that patients with colon […]
March 16, 2020

NIH researchers discover tooth-enamel protein in eyes with dry AMD

A protein that normally deposits mineralized calcium in tooth enamel may also be responsible for calcium deposits in the back of the eye in people with dry age-related macular degeneration (AMD), according to a study from researchers at the National Eye Institute (NEI). This protein, amelotin, may turn out to […]
March 16, 2020

How skin cells embark on a swift yet elaborate death

Skin is our body’s most ardent defender against pathogens and other external threats. Its outermost layer is maintained through a remarkable transformation in which skin cells swiftly convert into squames—flat, dead cells that provide a tight seal between the living portion of the skin and the world outside. “Throughout our […]
March 16, 2020

Biochemist spins out joint venture company with Atomwise

Over the past few years, biochemist John Jefferson Perry at the University of California, Riverside, has collaborated on a number of projects with Atomwise Inc., a company that uses artificial intelligence, or AI, for drug discovery. Now Perry and the company have formed a joint venture called Theia Biosciences. Perry’s collaboration with […]
March 13, 2020

A tadpole with a twist: Left–right asymmetric development of Oikopleura dioica

How does a developing embryo, which is initially round, tell left from right? This basic process is still poorly understood. However, investigating unusual cases can help shed light on how this process occurs in animals. More than a century ago, German biologist Dr. H. C. Delsman described unusual left–right (L–R) […]
March 13, 2020

Let’s Dance: researchers investigate how tango may help Parkinson’s patients

Parkinson’s disease takes a lot from its victims. Patients often notice its onset as a tremor in one of their hands. As it progresses, it can impair balance, change speech patterns, alter thinking and dramatically affect movement. There is no cure, but there are ways to improve symptoms. Researchers from […]
March 13, 2020

‘Natural killer’ cells could halt Parkinson’s progression

Researchers at the University of Georgia’s Regenerative Bioscience Center and their colleagues have found that “natural killer” white blood cells could guard against the cascade of cellular changes that lead to Parkinson’s disease and help stop its progression. Natural killer (NK) cells are white blood cells that can kill tumors without being […]
March 13, 2020

How T cells make sure they have quiet time

All cells, like all people, need “quiet” time to function properly, and this is particularly true of T cells, one of the immune system’s main weapons. They must be ready for activation at all times, and primed to divide more rapidly than almost any cell in the body. When T […]
March 13, 2020

The first roadmap for ovarian aging

Scientists discover how non-human primate ovaries age, with implications for human fertility. Due to the modern tendency to postpone childbirth until later in life, a growing number of women are experiencing issues with infertility. Infertility likely stems from age-related decline of the ovaries, but the molecular mechanisms that lead to […]
March 13, 2020

Salk scientists link rapid brain growth in autism to DNA damage

During development, cells generated from people with autism have frequent breaks in the DNA of certain genes Researchers at the Salk Institute have discovered a unique pattern of DNA damage that arises in brain cells derived from individuals with a macrocephalic form of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The observation, published […]
March 13, 2020

Drug combo reverses arthritis in rats

A combination of two previously studied osteoarthritis drugs works better than either drug alone, Salk researchers discovered. People with osteoarthritis, or “wear and tear” arthritis, have limited treatment options: pain relievers or joint replacement surgery. Now, Salk researchers have discovered that a powerful combination of two experimental drugs reverses the […]
March 13, 2020

Exercise works for those beginning cancer treatment

Associate Professor Anthony Leicht was part of an international group led by Professor John Saxton from Northumbria University and the University of East Anglia that studied how exercise might help prostate cancer sufferers who were about to start Androgen Deprivation Therapy (ADT). The initial treatment for sufferers involves using drugs […]