Related Science News – Page 15 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

February 28, 2019

New clue for cancer treatment could be hiding in microscopic molecular machine

Buried deep within the dazzlingly intricate machinery of the human cell could lie a key to treating a range of deadly cancers, according to a team of scientists at Florida State University. In a new study, researchers discovered a critical missing step in the production of proteasomes — tiny structures […]
February 28, 2019

Why people with Laron dwarfism are pretty much immune to diabetes and cancer?

There are certain diseases that are so difficult to treat that you definitely would want to have an immunity from them. Like cancer or type 2 diabetes. However, most of us are not protected from these conditions. Except people with a certain type of dwarfism. Now scientists from University of […]
February 27, 2019

Genetic targets for AMD offer the opportunity for new treatments

Age related macular degeneration (AMD) is the third cause of visual impairment worldwide and the leading cause of blindness in higher income countries with aging populations. It is estimated that by 2020 196 million people will suffer AMD. Several years ago, treatment of AMD had a breakthrough with the application […]
February 27, 2019

Oxygen-tracking method could improve diabetes treatment

Transplanting pancreatic islet cells into patients with diabetes is a promising alternative to the daily insulin injections that many of these patients now require. These cells could act as a bioartificial pancreas, monitoring blood glucose levels and secreting insulin when needed. For this kind of transplantation to be successful, scientists need […]
February 27, 2019

Long-term benefits from intensive therapy in early stages of MS

New findings by researchers at Cardiff University suggest that intensive therapy during the early stages of multiple sclerosis (MS) leads to better long-term outcomes for patients, despite it often being viewed as a riskier option than other first line treatments. Dr Emma Tallantyre, from Cardiff University’s Division of Psychological Medicine […]
February 27, 2019

Improved outlook for people of African descent with treatment-resistant schizophrenia

A study led by researchers at Cardiff University means that more people of African descent who have treatment-resistant schizophrenia could be safely given the drug best proven to manage their symptoms. The team identified a genetic and benign cause in people of African descent for lower neutrophil levels: a condition […]
February 27, 2019

Newly identified drug targets could open door for esophageal cancer therapeutics

Blocking two molecular pathways that send signals inside cancer cells could stave off esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC), the most common esophageal malignancy in the United States, according to new research from a team led by Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine. The group identified the pathways using advanced computational and […]
February 27, 2019

New skeletal disease found and explained

Researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have discovered a new and rare skeletal disease. In a study published in the journal Nature Medicine they describe the molecular mechanism of the disease, in which small RNA molecules play a role that has never before been observed in a congenital human disease. The results […]
February 27, 2019

Pioneering trial offers hope for restoring brain cells damaged in Parkinson's

Results from a pioneering clinical trials programme that delivered an experimental treatment directly to the brain offer hope that it may be possible to restore the cells damaged in Parkinson's. The multimillion-pound study, funded by Parkinson's UK with support from The Cure Parkinson's Trust and in association with the North […]
February 26, 2019

UVA discovers secret to making immune cells better cancer killers

Scientists at the University of Virginia School of Medicine have discovered a defect in immune cells known as “killer T cells” that explains their inability to destroy cancer tumors. The researchers believe that repairing this defect could make the cells much better cancer killers. Further, they predict their discovery could be used […]
February 26, 2019

Yale researchers develop modular approach to engineering immune cells

Yale researchers have developed a new way to efficiently engineer immune cells, an advance which enhances the ability to fend off cancer and other diseases, they report in the issue of the journal Nature Methods. A number of new life-saving therapies rely on reconfiguring human immune cells to act as living […]
February 26, 2019

Scientists tackle rare retinal disease in unique research project

Researchers at the Lions Eye Institute (LEI) and The University of Western Australia have pioneered a study of the world’s first and only laboratory model of a rare type of retinal disease, paving the way for new treatment pathways. Cone dystrophy with supernormal rod response (CDSRR) is an inherited disease […]
February 26, 2019

Researchers discover why Laron dwarfs don’t get diabetes

University of Queensland researchers have discovered a hidden metabolic advantage that prevents people with a specific type of dwarfism from developing type 2 diabetes or cancer. UQ Diamantina Institute researcher Dr Yash Chhabra said the findings could pave the way for new diabetes treatments for all. “We set out to understand why, unlike most […]
February 26, 2019

Novel 5-minute workout improves blood pressure, may boost your brain

A five-minute workout called Inspiratory Muscle Strength Training (IMST) has been shown to lower blood pressure as much as aerobic exercise and more than some medications. Participants breathe in vigorously 30 times, five days a week, through a device that provides resistance. Preliminary findings suggest it may also boost cognitive […]
February 26, 2019

New microfluidics device can detect cancer cells in blood

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago and Queensland University of Technology of Australia, have developed a device that can isolate individual cancer cells from patient blood samples. The microfluidic device works by separating the various cell types found in blood by their size. The device may one day […]
February 25, 2019

New algorithm boosts accuracy, speed of lung tumour identification

Computing scientists at the University of Alberta have developed a neural network that outperforms other state-of-the-art methods of identifying lung tumours from MRI scans—an advance that could help reduce damage to healthy tissue during radiation treatment. “Algorithms like the one developed in our laboratory can be used to generate a […]
February 25, 2019

Engineer to develop a drug-filled gel to repair heart after heart attack

After a heart attack, the cells in the heart muscle cannot get enough nutrients and oxygen to survive, so they die. A structural support network in the heart’s wall can help those cells regenerate, however, two enzymes that break down the network are naturally increased after a heart attack, leaving […]
February 25, 2019

Senescence is both vital and damaging – scientists found how it works

Ageing is still not considered a disease. This is a problem, because doctors cannot prescribe known drugs that slow the ageing down, but maybe it will change with better understanding of the mechanism behind ageing. Now scientists from the University of Edinburgh found that some of the damaging cell effects […]
February 25, 2019

Against the grain

Sidney Strickland knew what he was up against when he began working on the disease more than two decades ago, and little has changed: Alzheimer’s remains a deadly health threat and among the most feared diseases on the planet, unchecked in its power to destroy brain cells and erase minds. […]
February 25, 2019

Making better embryos

One out of every six Canadian couples experiences infertility, and some resort to in vitro fertilization. Trouble is, the embryos obtained through this technique often have defects. In a study published in the journal Current Biology, researchers from the University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre (CRCHUM) succeeded in reducing the number of defects in […]
February 25, 2019

Immune Profiling: A New Opportunity for Drug Development

The immune system is involved in almost every disease, at one level or another. Special cells, proteins, tissues, and organs that defend people against germs and other perceived invaders are its sum. Doctors and researchers conduct an array of tests to characterize a person’s immune health, including looking at the […]
February 22, 2019

Cellular Sickness Linked to Type 1 Diabetes Onset

A UC San Francisco study of human and mouse pancreatic tissue suggests a new origin story for type 1 (T1) diabetes. The findings flip current assumptions about the causes of the disease on their head and demonstrate a promising new preventative strategy that dramatically reduced disease risk in laboratory animals. […]
February 22, 2019

Pioneering study could offer sun protection to patients with rare genetic disease

Skin cells taken from patients with a rare genetic disorder are up to ten times more sensitive to damage from ultraviolet A (UVA) radiation in laboratory tests, than those from a healthy population, according to new research from the University of Bath. It is hoped that the work, which has […]
February 22, 2019

CRISPR Gene Editing Makes Stem Cells ‘Invisible’ to Immune System

UC San Francisco scientists have used the CRISPR-Cas9 gene-editing system to create the first pluripotent stem cells that are functionally “invisible” to the immune system, a feat of biological engineering that, in laboratory studies, prevented rejection of stem cell transplants. Because these “universal” stem cells can be manufactured more efficiently […]
February 22, 2019

Taking on tumors

Melissa Thone, a fourth-year doctoral student in chemical & biomolecular engineering, recently won over the judges of UCI’s Public Impact Fellowship program with her innovative and promising work on cancer treatments. In a competition hosted by the Graduate Division, she was one of only four students awarded $12,000 2018-19 Public […]
February 22, 2019

Old and terminally ill people do not want end-of-life care to focus on postponing death

It is something everyone will have to deal with. Our life has its beginning and it has its ending. It is not fun being aware of that, but it is the reality. End of life typically requires some sort of care. People get sick physically and mentally and cannot take […]
February 21, 2019

Engineers develop placenta-on-a-chip to study caffeine transport from mother to fetus

Engineers have used microfluidic technology to create a “placenta-on-a-chip” that models how compounds can be passed from a mother to a fetus. “I am interested in microfluidics and I’ve been excited about using the technology to understand what happens in the cellular environment and within the body,” said Nicole Hashemi, […]
February 21, 2019

Pain, fatigue, poor sleep: common symptom triad at age 65+

In older people, symptoms of pain, depression and fatigue are commonplace. But how common? Researchers examined the prevalence and impact of six common symptoms (pain, fatigue, depression, anxiety, breathing difficulty, sleep problems) and found that nearly half of adults ages 65 and older have two or more of these symptoms […]
February 21, 2019

Some Primary Care Doctors Not Prepared to Help with Cancer Treatment Decisions

The idea of team-based cancer care most often focuses on involving primary care physicians in the care of cancer survivors. But research has shown patients are discussing initial cancer treatment options with their primary care doctors. And now a new study finds that a significant number of these physicians report notable […]
February 21, 2019

Researchers push forward frontiers of vaccine science

Using sophisticated gene sequencing and computing techniques, researchers at Vanderbilt University Medical Center and the San Diego Supercomputer Center have achieved a first-of-its-kind glimpse into how the body’s immune system gears up to fight off infection. Their findings, published in the journal Nature, could aid development of “rational vaccine design,” as […]