Related Science News – Page 18 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

April 8, 2019

Immunotherapy Kicks, Kills HIV by Exploiting a Common Virus

In a first on the quest to cure HIV, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health scientists report in EBioMedicine that they’ve developed an all-in-one immunotherapy approach that not only kicks HIV out of hiding in the immune system, but also kills it. The key lies in immune cells designed to recognize an […]
April 8, 2019

Witnessing the dance of RNAs around droplets of cellular degradation machinery

If a picture’s worth a thousand words, a video is perhaps worth much more. For the first time, scientists have observed a dynamic localization of a single RNA with processing bodies—the membraneless organelles present in the cytoplasm of nearly all mammalian cells that play an important role in RNA regulation. […]
April 8, 2019

DTU develops breast cancer scanning equipment

DTU has entered into collaboration with the UK company Kromek aimed at developing a scanner that can improve breast cancer diagnostics. Advanced technology developed for space research often has great potential in other fields. The new industrial research and development partnership between DTU Space and the UK company Kromek Group plc is a good […]
April 8, 2019

Older women have the highest risk of dying from cervical cancer

New research from Aarhus University and Aarhus University Hospital shows that women aged 65 and older have a higher risk of dying from cervical cancer than previously thought – although this age group is not covered by the Danish screening programme. Denmark has one of highest incidences of cervical cancer […]
April 8, 2019

Alzheimer’s Diagnosis, Management Improved by Brain Scans

A first-of-its-kind national study has found that a form of brain imaging that detects Alzheimer’s-related “plaques” significantly influenced clinical management of patients with mild cognitive impairment and dementia. The study revealed that providing clinicians with the results of positron emission tomography (PET) scans that identify amyloid plaques in the brain […]
April 8, 2019

The Doctor and the Machine

A 49-year-old man notices a painless rash on his shoulder but doesn’t seek care. Months later, during a routine physical, his doctor notices the rash and diagnoses it as a benign skin condition. More time passes, and during a routine screening test, a nurse points out the rash to another […]
April 8, 2019

Mailing Colorectal Cancer Screening Kits Found Effective, Regardless of Financial Incentive

Colorectal cancer is the second deadliest cancer in the United States, and just six out of 10 adults in the age range recommended for routine screening—50 to 75—reported having it done in 2015. When patients do not keep up with screening, the risk of death is substantially higher, so Penn […]
April 5, 2019

Computational model of a human kinase may provide insights for cancer treatment

Researchers have developed a computational model for human MEK1, a protein with potential as a drug target for a variety of human cancers. The initiation and progression of cancer cells occur when molecular signals involved in cellular proliferation go awry. MEK1 plays an essential role in signaling within both healthy […]
April 5, 2019

Urine Test to Evaluate Immunotherapy Success Gets $1.8 Million NIH Research Grant

New immunotherapies can dramatically defeat cancer. But more often, cancer evades them, and doctors need to know quickly when that happens, so they can adjust treatment. An experimental urine test to detect immunotherapy effectiveness very early has received a major funding boost. The National Institutes of Health has granted $1.8 […]
April 5, 2019

Scientists prod immune cells to attack pancreatic cancer

It's possible to prod immune cells to attack and kill pancreatic cancer cells, according to a report from scientists at the University of Washington School of Medicine and the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle.  Their findings challenge the commonly held view that pancreatic cancer does not elicit an immune system response that […]
April 5, 2019

Scientists create world’s first gene-edited lizards

A group of University of Georgia researchers led by geneticist Douglas Menke has become the first in the world to successfully produce a genetically modified reptile—specifically, four albino lizards—using the CRISPR-Cas9 gene-editing tool. The team’s results, which appeared online, have been submitted for peer review. “Reptiles are very understudied in terms […]
April 4, 2019

How Immune Cells Help Tumors Escape Body's Defenses

New research from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and the UPMC Hillman Cancer Center sheds light on how tumors use the body’s regulators of immunity for their own benefit. Published in Nature Immunology, the findings could be used to develop the next generation of immune therapies to fight various cancers. “While cancer immunotherapy […]
April 4, 2019

Battle of the Bacteria: Study Identifies Possible Causes of and Protectors Against Premature Birth

Seven types of bacteria and certain immune factors in a woman’s vagina and cervix may be responsible for increasing the risk of spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB) or protect against it, according to a new study from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and the University of […]
April 3, 2019

Metastatic prostate cancer may have its own biomarker, UB research finds

Prostate cancer can grow slowly and pose little threat to patients, or it can metastasize quickly, causing severe pain and death. But as of now, it’s nearly impossible to determine which type of cancer a patient has during the early stages. Now, University at Buffalo researchers and scientists from Moscow […]
April 3, 2019

Laser Technology Helps Researchers Scrutinize Cancer Cells

Devising the best treatment for a patient with cancer requires doctors to know something about the traits of the cancer from which the patient is suffering. But one of the greatest difficulties in treating cancer is that cancer cells are not all the same. Even within the same tumor, cancer […]
April 3, 2019

Biopsy Alternative: ‘Wearable’ Device Captures Cancer Cells From Blood

A prototype wearable device, tested in animal models, can continuously collect live cancer cells directly from a patient’s blood. Developed by a team of engineers and doctors at the University of Michigan, it could help doctors diagnose and treat cancer more effectively. “Nobody wants to have a biopsy. If we […]
April 3, 2019

Cancer prevention drug also disables H. pylori bacterium

A medicine currently being tested as a chemoprevention agent for multiple types of cancer has more than one trick in its bag when it comes to preventing stomach cancer, Vanderbilt researchers have discovered. The investigators found that in addition to its known ability to block the production of cell growth […]
April 3, 2019

New Super-Resolution Technique Enables Unprecedented Cellular Imaging

A team of Caltech scientists has developed a new technique to create super-high-resolution images of genetic activity in cells while the cells are still intact in tissue. This work will enable a better understanding of the genetic programs underlying basic biological functions, such as embryonic development, as well as diseases […]
April 3, 2019

New technology marks a key step toward shrinking a medical lab to fit on fingertip

In an important step toward performing medical diagnoses using handheld devices, the researchers have adapted silicon chip technology similar to that found in personal computers and mobile phones to function as a biosensor. The technology uses tiny metal layers embedded in a microchip to eliminate all complex and bulky optical […]
April 3, 2019

Designing a Key to Unlock Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s disease affects more than 5 million people on Earth. Research on the International Space Station could provide insight into this chronic neurodegenerative disease and help scientists find ways to treat and prevent it. The investigation, Crystallization of LRRK2 Under Microgravity Conditions-2 (CASIS PCG 16), grows protein crystals of Leucine-rich […]
April 2, 2019

Smoking and pre-eclampsia may cause fertility problems for offspring, study suggests

Low levels of oxygen in the womb – which can be caused by smoking or conditions such as pre-eclampsia – may cause problems with fertility later in life, a study carried out in rats suggests. The research, led by scientists at the University of Cambridge, found that exposing fetuses to […]
April 2, 2019

Early Hearing Loss May Mean Higher Risk of Drug and Alcohol Issues

People under age 50 with hearing loss misuse prescription opioids at twice the rate of their hearing peers and are also more likely to misuse alcohol and other drugs, a new national study finds. This means that health care providers may need to take special care when treating pain and […]
April 2, 2019

Scientists studying Krabbe’s disease take a novel approach to this fatal disease that strikes newborns

NIH has awarded $2 million to UB’s Hunter James Kelly Research Institute to pursue a new direction in understanding and curing the disease. Rep. Brian Higgins visited the New York State Center of Excellence in Bioinformatics and Life Sciences on Monday to announce more than $2 million in National Institutes […]
April 2, 2019

A bad bout of flu triggers ‘taste bud cells’ to grow in the lungs

Most people who weather an infection with influenza fully recover after a week or two. But for some, a severe case of the flu can actually reshape the architecture of their lungs and forever compromise their respiratory function. With a surprising new finding, researchers from Penn have identified what they […]
April 2, 2019

‘Jumping genes’ drive many cancers

Mistakes in DNA are known to drive cancer growth. But a new study, from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, heavily implicates a genetic phenomenon commonly known as “jumping genes” in the growth of tumors. The study is published in the journal Nature Genetics. Since jumping genes aren’t […]
April 2, 2019

Researchers target metastasis in fight against cancer

An experimental combination drug therapy attacking the DNA integrity of cancer cells is showing promise for a possible new cancer therapy in the future. Scientists at the University of Alberta used two drugs together to enhance DNA damage to human breast cancer cells in mice and reduce their capacity to […]
April 2, 2019

Most precise measurements of sickle cell disease building blocks could lead to new treatments

In a breakthrough study of sickle cell disease, biomedical engineers in the University of Minnesota College of Science and Engineering have revealed that the building blocks of the disease are much less efficient at organizing than previously thought. The findings open the door to new treatments, including new medicines that […]
April 2, 2019

Introducing a kinder, gentler way to blow holes in cells

When scientists attempt to slip big molecules, like the Cas9 enzyme that is key to CRISPR gene editing, into cells, things can get messy. One popular technique, bulk electroporation, involves jolting cells with electricity. This blows holes everywhere in the cell, allowing anything and everything to get inside. Delicate cells, […]
April 2, 2019

3D-printed tissues may keep athletes in action

Bioscientists are moving closer to 3D-printed artificial tissues to help heal bone and cartilage typically damaged in sports-related injuries to knees, ankles and elbows. Scientists at Rice University and the University of Maryland reported their first success at engineering scaffolds that replicate the physical characteristics of osteochondral tissue – basically, hard bone beneath a […]
April 2, 2019

Breakthrough Study of Cell Signaling Holds Promise for Immune Research and Beyond

A team of physical chemists led by Berkeley Lab has unraveled the inner workings of a process that allows hard-working T cells to tune out fake signals. For the first time ever, scientists have imaged the process by which an individual immune system molecule is switched on in response to […]