Related Science News – Page 37 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

May 29, 2019

Can nanotechnology repair body organs and heal wounds? Let's find out

Your body’s cellular structure is programmable, making it possible for it to be changed into other kinds of cells. And today, already a number of scientific studies have found at least a couple of ways to reprogram certain types of human cells. Using these methods, the body can potentially become […]
May 29, 2019

Grünenthal Challenge: Cell-Based/Gene Therapies for Pain

Pain is an unpleasant sensation that is part of the body’s protective mechanism designed to give a warning of potential or actual tissue damage. When pain is not managed effectively, it can persist and become debilitating, resulting in an overwhelming burden of suffering and poor quality of life. Due to […]
May 29, 2019

New compounds could be used to treat autoimmune disorders

The immune system is programmed to rid the body of biological bad guys—like viruses and dangerous bacteria—but its precision isn’t guaranteed. In the tens of millions of Americans suffering from autoimmune diseases, the system mistakes normal cells for malicious invaders, prompting the body to engage in self-destructive behavior. This diverse […]
May 29, 2019

Hispanic and Black Children More Likely to Miss School Due to Eczema Than White Children

In a study that highlights racial disparities in the everyday impact of eczema, new research shows Hispanic and black children are more likely than white children to miss school due to the chronic skin disease. Researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania examined more than a […]
May 29, 2019

Study finds link between ambient ozone exposure, carotid wall thickness

Long-term exposure to ambient ozone appears to accelerate arterial conditions that progress into cardiovascular disease and stroke, according to a new University at Buffalo study. It’s the first epidemiological study to provide evidence that ozone might advance subclinical arterial disease — injuries that occur to the artery walls prior to […]
May 29, 2019

Brain games? Yoga? What slows mild cognitive impairment?

As we age, many of us experience minor changes to memory, language and decision-making. These changes may represent mild cognitive impairment (MCI), an intermediate stage between age-related cognitive changes and the more serious condition of dementia. A number of behavioral interventions have shown promise to slow the advancement of MCI to dementia […]
May 29, 2019

Chemists build a better cancer-killing drill

An international team of scientists is getting closer to perfecting molecule-sized motors that drill through the surface of cancer cells, killing them in an instant. Researchers at Rice University, Durham (U.K.) University and North Carolina State University reported their success at activating the motors with precise two-photon excitation via near-infrared light. Unlike […]
May 29, 2019

Research is ‘urgently needed’ on heart muscle disease in children

Cardiomyopathy is a heart condition involving abnormalities of the muscle fibers, which contract with each heartbeat. Nearly half of children with this type of heart disease either undergo a heart transplant or die within two years of being diagnosed. That somber statistic is part of an American Heart Association (AHA) […]
May 29, 2019

Proteins on viral surface linked to formation of Alzheimer’s plaque

New research from Stockholm University and Karolinska Institutet shows that viruses interact with proteins in the biological fluids of their host which results in a layer of proteins on the viral surface. This coat of proteins makes the virus more infectious and facilitates the formation of plaques characteristic of neurodegenerative […]
May 28, 2019

Sleeping too much or too little negatively affects person's cognitive abilities

Sleep is very important for you physical and mental health. Sleeping too little is one of the most prevalent poor health habits of our times. But did you know that sleeping too little or too much may have a negative effect on your memory? Scientists from UCL found that sleeping […]
May 28, 2019

A newly discovered mechanism reveals how Parkinson’s disease can spread

Tiny channels between nerve cells are involved in a newly discovered mechanism of how Parkinson’s disease can spread throughout the brain. Researchers from LiU demonstrate that harmful protein aggregates can “hitch a lift” with channel-forming proteins, and in this way spread to healthy cells. Neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s […]
May 28, 2019

New method for analyzing genes activity helps predict cancer patients survival

An international research team developed a new method for determining cell types in a tissue sample. The scientists determined the link between the activity of genes in the same cell type and made a model capable of “recognizing” different cell types in mixed samples based on this relation. This approach […]
May 28, 2019

A new molecule to boost modern cancer therapies

Highly effective modern cancer therapies rely on immune cells to attack and shrink tumours. Medicine instructs body’s immune system to attack cancer cells, which is a safer approach, but scientists from the University of Edinburgh found a way to boost this effect. They found a molecule that boosts the function […]
May 28, 2019

A step closer to identifying cause of a blinding disease

Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is an inherited form of vision loss that causes people to have trouble with their colour vision and difficulty seeing in the centre of their visual field. Due to the founder effect from the filles du roi, there is a disproportionate preponderance of a particular LHON mutation among […]
May 28, 2019

Synthetic E. coli pushes the limits of gene synthesis

Designing and building organisms from scratch could be the Holy Grail of synthetic biology. It therefore comes as no surprise that genome synthesis works get a lot of attention and are celebrated as high profile works form the community. In 2016 J. Craig Venter Institute scientists reported the synthesis of […]
May 27, 2019

How Learning and Decision-Making Share a Common Underlying Brain Mechanism

In a pair of recently published papers, researchers at Carnegie Mellon University, along with local and international collaborators, shed light on how specific circuits in the brain can simultaneously make decisions and learn from their outcomes. Consider eating brunch at your favorite restaurant: How do you know whether the eggs […]
May 27, 2019

Artificial Intelligence system spots lung cancer before radiologists

Deep learning — a form of artificial intelligence — was able to detect malignant lung nodules on low-dose chest computed tomography (LDCT) scans with a performance meeting or exceeding that of expert radiologists, reports a new study from Google and Northwestern Medicine. This deep-learning system provides an automated image evaluation […]
May 27, 2019

Hypertension Found in Children Exposed to Flower Pesticides

In a study published in the journal Environmental Research, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine found higher blood pressure and pesticide exposures in children associated with a heightened pesticide spraying period around the Mother’s Day flower harvest. This study involved boys and girls living near flower […]
May 27, 2019

Scientists are developing nano-submarines for drug delivery

Treating diseases on cellular level is extremely difficult because of the microscopic scale. It is especially true for cancer, which is why contemporary therapies are affecting a lot of the surrounding tissue. However, chemical and biomedical engineers from the UNSW Sydney proved that it is possible to design effective miniscule […]
May 27, 2019

Trial of potential new treatment for type 1 diabetes

Researchers at Cardiff and Swansea Universities are running a new trial to investigate whether a medicine currently used for the skin condition psoriasis could also be used to help people with type 1 diabetes produce some of their own insulin. Over 300,000 people in the UK have Type 1 diabetes […]
May 27, 2019

Proton Therapy Lowers Risk of Side-Effects Compared to Conventional Radiation

Cancer patients getting proton therapy instead of traditional photon radiation are at a significantly lower risk of experiencing side-effects from their radiation therapy, while cure rates are almost identical between the two groups. Researchers in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania conducted the largest review of its […]
May 27, 2019

Mobile App With Activity Tracker Promotes Physical Activity in Women

A mobile phone app designed to promote physical activity, combined with an activity tracker and brief personal counseling, was effective in encouraging women to exercise for three months and to continue their activity for six more months after their app use ended, according to a study by researchers at UC […]
May 27, 2019

Researcher wants to unlock the mysteries of strabismus

Strabismus, also known as being cross-eyed or having a wandering eye, is one of the most common reasons that children undergo eye surgery. But little has changed in its treatment since the 1800s, according to Jolene Rudell, acting assistant professor of ophthalmology at the University of Washington School of Medicine. […]
May 27, 2019

How a zebrafish could help solve the mysteries of genetic brain disease

A close look at the rapidly developing zebrafish embryo is helping neuroscientists better understand the potential underpinnings of brain disorders, including autism and schizophrenia. Researchers at The Ohio State University were interested in understanding changes in neurological development that arise from a genetic defect associated with neurological disease – specifically, […]
May 27, 2019

Mapping bone-marrow microenvironment sheds fresh light on leukaemia

Stem cells are surrounded and protected by the stem-cell niche – the microenvironment – of the tissue in which they are found. Researchers at Karolinska Institutet have mapped the stem-cell niche in the bone marrow of mice and studied how it is influenced by developing leukemia. Their results, which are […]
May 25, 2019

Quantum biology scientists discovered a cell-wide web, used to transfer messages inside the cell

Up until now it was believed that various organs and structures float in cytoplasm inside a cell. Scientists thought that messages through the cells are transferred via waves. However, this understanding is quickly changing as scientists from the University of Edinburgh discovered a cell-wide web – a communication network constructed […]
May 24, 2019

Study Explores Why Prostate Cancer Mortality is Higher in Black Men

Black men are more likely to be diagnosed with prostate cancer and nearly 2.5 times more likely to die of the disease compared to non-Hispanic white men. The question is why. Are black men more likely to carry genes that drive deadlier forms of the disease? What societal disparities might […]
May 24, 2019

Determining Risk of Diabetic Kidney Disease

Researchers ID circulating proteins involved in progression of diabetic kidney disease. In a breakthrough study published in Nature Medicine, Harvard Medical School researchers at Joslin Diabetes Center have identified a group of 17 circulating inflammatory proteins that are consistently associated with the development and progression of diabetic kidney disease. These 17 […]
May 24, 2019

Circadian Mechanism May Not Be Driver Behind Compound Linked to Obesity and Diabetes

SR9009 is a compound that can lead to a wide range of health benefits in animals, including reduced risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes. Until now, researchers – and companies that sell the compound for human use in the form of a nutraceutical – have attributed the effects to […]
May 24, 2019

Names prompt distinct brain activity in preschoolers

A study from Penn and CHOP found that when preschoolers with autism spectrum disorder hear their name, their neural patterns match those of their typically developing peers. The finding held regardless of whether the child’s mom or a stranger called the name. Infants as young as 6 months old can […]