Related Science News – Page 115 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

January 24, 2020

With a protein ‘delivery,’ parasite can suppress its host’s immune response

Toxoplasma gondii is best known as the parasite that may lurk in a cat’s litter box. Nearly a third of the world’s population is believed to live with a chronic Toxoplasma infection. It’s of greatest concern, however, to people with suppressed immune systems and to pregnant women, who can pass the infection to […]
January 23, 2020

BHF announces shortlist for £30m research prize at start of defining decade for CVD

The British Heart Foundation (BHF) today announced its shortlist of four research projects competing for a single £30 million award. The charity says it is one of many radical new approaches needed to address a frightening mismatch in research funding compared with the burden of heart and circulatory diseases. With […]
January 23, 2020

Discovery IDS Potential Way to Halt Blinding Macular Degeneration

Researchers have successfully treated age-related macular degeneration in mice after finding an unexpected link between the two main forms of the blinding eye disease, the leading cause of vision loss in people 60 and older. Researcher Brad Gelfand of the University of Virginia School of Medicine and the UVA School of Engineering, cautions […]
January 23, 2020

Our biological clock plays crucial role in healing from surgery

If you have just had knee, shoulder or hip surgery, you may want to take anti-inflammatories in the morning or at noon, but not at night. A McGill-led study shows, for the first time, that circadian clock genes are involved in healing from surgery. Indeed, the researchers demonstrated that anti-inflammatory medications […]
January 23, 2020

Pregnancy, breastfeeding may lower risk of early menopause

Women who breastfed their infants exclusively for seven to 12 months may have a significantly lower risk of early menopause than their peers who breastfed their infants for less than a month, according to an analysis funded by the National Institutes of Health. The study also suggests that pregnancy can […]
January 22, 2020

New opportunity for cancer drug development

After years of research on cell surface receptors called Frizzleds, researchers at Karolinska Institutet provide the proof-of-principle that these receptors are druggable by small molecules. The results, which are published in the scientific journal Nature Communications, open for new strategies to treat different types of cancer. For more than 20 […]
January 22, 2020

While Promoting Diseases Like Cancer, These Enzymes Also Cannibalize Each Other

Like motley bandits, certain enzymes implicated in cancer and other diseases also annihilate each other. A new study reveals details of their mutual foils in the hopes that these behaviors can be leveraged to fight the enzymes’ disease potential. The bandits are cathepsins, enzymes that normally dispose of unneeded protein […]
January 21, 2020

In Mice, Alcohol Dependence Results in Brain-Wide Remodeling of Functional Architecture

Employing advanced technologies that allow whole brain imaging at single-cell resolution, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine report that in an alcohol-dependent mouse model, the rodent brain’s functional architecture is substantially remodeled. But when deprived of alcohol, the mice displayed increased coordinated brain activity and reduced […]
January 21, 2020

New Technique Predicts Which Melanoma Patients Are at Risk for Cancer Recurrence and Spread

For most patients, melanoma begins with a small, pigmented spot on their skin that they notice starts to change. Many primary melanomas can be cured by having this lesion removed, but melanoma can also recur and spread; an analysis of the removed lesion can offer some information on the likelihood […]
January 21, 2020

Discovery of new T-cell raises prospect of ‘universal’ cancer therapy

T-cell therapies for cancer – where immune cells are removed, modified and returned to the patient’s blood to seek and destroy cancer cells – are the latest paradigm in cancer treatments. The most widely-used therapy, known as CAR-T, is personalized to each patient but targets only a few types of […]
January 21, 2020

Proteins that protect against joint inflammation identified

Endogenous proteins that play a vital part in allergies and parasitic infection can prevent the immune system from wrongly attacking the body and causing inflamed joints, a study from Karolinska Institutet published in the scientific journal PNAS reports. The researchers hope that the results will give rise to new drugs […]
January 21, 2020

New research could reduce the risk of sudden cardiac death

New research has shown that by changing the time course of voltage change early when the heart cell contracts it is possible to both withhold a potentially lethal electrical disturbance and improve the strength of cardiac contraction in heart failure at the same time. The research led by the University […]
January 21, 2020

Afraid of aging too quickly? Don't drink fat milk

Milk is among those product that we would find in most shopping baskets in most stores at any time. People drink it straight and use it for cooking. But which one is better – whole, low fat or nonfat? Which one will help you live longer? Biological age is a […]
January 20, 2020

Researchers Identify Gene with Functional Role in Aging of Eye

A lengthy-named gene called Elongation of Very Long Chain Fatty Acids Protein 2 or ELOVL2 is an established biomarker of age. In a new paper, published in the journal Aging Cell, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine say the gene appears to play a key role […]
January 20, 2020

Zika Virus’ Key into Brain Cells ID’d, Leveraged to Block Infection and Kill Cancer Cells

Zika virus infection can stunt neonatal brain development, a condition known as microcephaly, in which babies are born with abnormally small heads. To determine how best to prevent and treat the viral infection, scientists first need to understand how the pathogen gets inside brain cells. Employing different approaches to answer […]
January 20, 2020

New clues in understanding how to prevent food allergies by breastfeeding

Breastfeeding mothers may be encouraged to eat eggs to help prevent babies from developing an egg allergy, according to new studies by researchers at The University of Western Australia. Study leader Professor Valerie Verhasselt, from UWA’s School of Molecular Sciences, said the findings were important because in western countries up […]
January 20, 2020

Controlling molecular glue protects connections between brain cells

A way in which some connections between brain cells can resist degeneration – a hallmark of traumatic brain injuries and neurodegenerative diseases — has been discovered by researchers at The University of Queensland. Dr Sean Coakley and Professor Massimo Hilliard from UQ’s Queensland Brain Institute Clem Jones Centre for Ageing Dementia Research uncovered a way in […]
January 20, 2020

Acid reflux drugs may have negative side effects for breast cancer survivors

Acid reflux drugs that are sometimes recommended to ease stomach problems during cancer treatment may have an unintended side effect: impairment of breast cancer survivors’ memory and concentration. New Ohio State University research shows an association between breast cancer survivors’ use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and reports of problems with […]
January 20, 2020

Cheap drug may alleviate treatment-resistance in leukemia

A common and inexpensive drug may be used to counteract treatment resistance in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), one of the most common forms of blood cancer. This is the conclusion of a study in mice and human blood cells performed at Karolinska Institutet and SciLifeLab and published in […]
January 20, 2020

Myositis: Understanding the Rare Autoimmune Disease

It’s easy to brush off the early signs of myositis, a muscle weakening autoimmune disease. That trip or fall while walking could be attributed to clumsiness. Difficulty climbing up stairs, rising from a chair or lifting something overhead could be from an abandoned regular exercise program or muscle breakdown from […]
January 20, 2020

Study unravels new insights into a Parkinson’s disease protein

Research by University at Buffalo biologists is providing new insights into alpha-synuclein, a small acidic protein associated with Parkinson’s disease. Alpha-synuclein is known to form abnormal clumps in the brains of patients with Parkinson’s, but scientists are still trying to understand how and why this happens. The new study explores […]
January 20, 2020

Study finds link between blood fats and artery size in people with MS

A recent study by a team of University at Buffalo researchers has found a link between fats in the blood and problems with the arteries in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). The purpose of the study, which was published online ahead of print in the Journal of Vascular Research, was to […]
January 20, 2020

America’s most widely consumed oil causes genetic changes in the brain

New UC Riverside research shows soybean oil not only leads to obesity and diabetes, but could also affect neurological conditions like autism, Alzheimer’s disease, anxiety, and depression. Used for fast food frying, added to packaged foods, and fed to livestock, soybean oil is by far the most widely produced and […]
January 20, 2020

Latest tech in clinical grafts? A ‘universal’ blood vessel

Yale doctors have developed a way to create vascular grafts from stem cells that are as strong as the original blood vessels they would replace. The advance, demonstrated in an animal model, may lead to bioengineered grafts suitable for transplant into any human patient using universally compatible cell lines, said […]
January 17, 2020

Researchers confirm that it is possible to determine the sex of chicken eggs

Researchers at Linköping University have developed a method that can identify which eggs will become cockerels on the same day they are laid, before an embryo has developed. There are approximately 7.5 million laying hens in Sweden, according to the Swedish Board of Agriculture. Turnover in the population is more […]
January 17, 2020

Diet has rapid effects on sperm quality

Sperm are influenced by diet, and the effects arise rapidly. This is the conclusion of a study by researchers at Linköping University, in which healthy young men were fed a diet rich in sugar. The study, which has been published in PLOS Biology, gives new insight into the function of […]
January 17, 2020

Merging old and new microscopy yields best 3D view yet inside cells

By combining electron microscopy (EM) with the latest super-resolution microscopy (SR), Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) and UC Berkeley scientists have obtained exquisitely detailed views of the complex innards of cells, all in 3D. In a report in the issue of the journal Science, the researchers describe their technique, called […]
January 17, 2020

Researcher employs eye-tracking technology to detect neurological disorders

A University at Buffalo biomedical engineer is gaining recognition outside the United States for his work using high-tech devices to diagnose and ameliorate neurological conditions. Anirban Dutta, PhD, assistant professor in the Department of Biomedical Engineering, has been in India, participating in a collaborative project that pairs a virtual reality-based […]
January 17, 2020

How biology creates networks that are cheap, robust, and efficient

From veins that deliver oxygen to tissues to xylem that send water into stems and leaves, vascular networks are a crucial component of life. In biology, there is a wide range of unique patterns, like the individualized structures found on leaves, along with many conserved structures, such as named arteries […]
January 17, 2020

Study uses eye movement test to confirm brain-ageing effects

A new study, published in PeerJ, shows how University of Liverpool researchers have used a newly developed eye movement test to improve the understanding of how parts of the brain work. Healthy, older adults are widely reported to experience cognitive decline, including impairments in inhibitory control (the ability to stop ourselves […]