Related Science News – Page 52 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

September 4, 2018

Exploring the matrix to uncover hidden drivers of ovarian cancer

To clump together and form living tissue, cells secrete molecules that create structure. But that structure isn’t always healthy, and understanding how it goes bad could reveal more about the way cancer develops. Those molecules, known as the extracellular matrix, do more than simply hold everything together. The extracellular matrix […]
September 4, 2018

Breeder meerkats age faster, but their subordinates still die younger

Despite rapidly ageing, dominant animals live longer because their underlings are driven out of the group – becoming easy targets for predators. The secret of a long meerkat life is to be “ruler of your community… cracking down on would-be rivals,” say scientists. In many cooperative species, the dominant breeders […]
September 4, 2018

Killer cell immunotherapy offers potential cure for advanced pancreatic cancer: new research

Researchers from UNSW Sydney and the California Institute of Biomedical Research (CALIBR) have demonstrated the success of a new, cell-based immunotherapy for pancreatic cancer. The treatment led to mice being completely cancer-free, including cancer cells that had already spread to the liver and lungs. The landmark study was published in […]
September 4, 2018

Malaria vaccine work deploys parasite-fighting cells to liver

After an infected mosquito bite, malaria parasites travel from the bite site to the liver.  For that reason, the liver has become the target of numerous efforts to develop a potential vaccine. Currently there are no approved vaccines for people against any parasitic diseases, including malaria. Using a novel, liver-targeted […]
September 3, 2018

NEGTEC launches Crowdfunding Portal promoting Regenerative Medicine

Dream-Kicker.com to offer donation-based, cryptocurrency support for cutting-edge regenerative medicine and medical equipment. NEGTEC, originator of the Sakura Bloom (SKB) cryptocurrency project, has announced a new donation-based crowdfunding service and SKB-based web portal to promote the introduction of cutting-edge regenerative medicine and medical equipment to hospitals. The portal, Dream-Kicker.com, will […]
September 3, 2018

Dramatic development of immune system after birth

Examining how the neonatal immune system changes has been difficult since the analyses are made from samples taken from the umbilical cord directly after delivery. Researchers have now exploited a new technique of immune cell analysis to monitor how babies develop for the first few weeks of life outside the […]
September 3, 2018

Similar changes in the brains of patients with ADHD and emotional instability

Clinical attention has long been paid to the fact that individuals with ADHD also demonstrate emotional problems, such as chaotic emotional responses, anxiety and depression. Yet the relationship between ADHD and impaired emotional regulation has not been identified, even if theories have been proposed that both conditions are rooted in […]
September 3, 2018

Color-changing sensor detects signs of eye damage in tears

A new point-of-care rapid-sensing device can detect a key marker of eye injury in minutes – a time frame crucial to treating eye trauma. University of Illinois researchers developed a gel laden with gold nanoparticles that changes color when it reacts with a teardrop containing ascorbic acid, released from a […]
September 3, 2018

Microvascular dysfunction: a common cause of heart failure with preserved pumping capacity

Heart failure is the most common reason for hospitalisation and causes much suffering. Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, which is one of the two main types of heart failure, lacks scientifically proven treatments and more research is needed to understand how the disease develops and is to be treated. […]
September 3, 2018

Treatment for severe heartburn prevents cancer

Pathological heartburn and acid reflux affects 10-20 per cent of the adult population. Long and severe reflux is the strongest risk factor for cancer of the oesophagus (type adenocarcinoma), an aggressive cancer that is difficult to treat. Reflux is usually treated with medicine to make the stomach contents less acidic, […]
September 3, 2018

Artificial Cells Are Tiny Bacteria Fighters

“Lego block” artificial cells that can kill bacteria have been created by researchers at the University of California, Davis Department of Biomedical Engineering. The work was reported in the journal ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces. “We engineered artificial cells from the bottom-up – like Lego blocks – to destroy bacteria,” said Assistant […]
September 3, 2018

The link between obesity, the brain, and genetics

Clinicians should consider how the way we think can make us vulnerable to obesity, and how obesity is genetically intertwined with brain structure and mental performance, according to new research. The study, led by researchers at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital (The Neuro) and published in the Proceedings of […]
September 3, 2018

Researchers uncover hidden player in gut growth

A previously ignored part of the intestine has turned into the key to its most crucial moment in embryonic development: the rotation that winds the small and large intestine into its familiar twisted form. Where and how this rotation is triggered is the subject of new research from Natasza Kurpios’ […]
September 3, 2018

Scientists identify 35 genes associated with cannabis use

The study, conducted by a team of scientists, including Professor Marcus Munafo and Dr Jorien Treur from Bristol's School of Psychological Science, who are part of the International Cannabis Consortium, is the largest to date genetic study to look at the use of cannabis. Researchers used data from the UK Biobank, association results from 23andMe […]
September 3, 2018

Disappearing into thin air: harnessing oxygen drop could eliminate cancers without harming healthy tissue

Hypoxia arises because tumours often grow faster than their blood supply, causing oxygen deprivation, which forces cancer cells to adapt — this makes their behaviour more aggressive and in turn leads to their spread around the body. The team sought to understand how cancer cells adapt to hypoxic conditions, with […]
August 31, 2018

Chronic Inflammation Can Trigger Cancers Via Newly Discovered Mechanism

It is well known that extended exposure to the sun’s UV rays can cause DNA mutations that lead to skin cancer. Now new research reveals that inflammation from chronic skin injury can trigger cancer-causing mutations as well by a totally distinct mechanism. The researchers – led by scientists at UC […]
August 31, 2018

Risk of Heart Attacks is Double for Daily E-Cigarette Users

Use of e-cigarettes every day can nearly double the odds of a heart attack, according to a new analysis of a survey of nearly 70,000 people, led by researchers at UC San Francisco. The research also found that dual use of e-cigarettes and conventional cigarettes – the most common use […]
August 31, 2018

Genetic tools uncover cause of childhood seizure disorder missed by other methods

Early childhood seizures result from a rare disease that begin in the first months of life. Researchers at University of Utah Health have developed high-tech tools to uncover the genetic cause of the most difficult to diagnose cases. The results are available online in the journal Nature Genomic Medicine. “These tools […]
August 30, 2018

New Therapy for Rare Lymphoma

A drug called mogamulizumab significantly improved progression-free survival for patients with cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, according to the results of a clinical trial published in The Lancet Oncology. The findings led to the FDA’s recent approval of the drug. “For patients affected by this debilitating disease, we can now offer a novel and effective treatment […]
August 29, 2018

Scientists found a better way to grow a 3D liver tissue from stem cells

It is a terrible situation when your life depends on others. But that is how a lot of people awaiting organ transplant are feeling. They are carrying a huge weight on their shoulders, waiting for a matching donor. A lot of people die before a suitable donor is found. But […]
August 29, 2018

Study shows new technology can predict fatal heart attacks

Researchers at the University of Oxford, working with colleagues in Erlangen, Germany and at the Cleveland Clinic, USA, have developed a new technology based on analysis of computed tomography (CT) coronary angiograms that can flag patients at risk of deadly heart attacks years before they occur. Heart attacks are usually […]
August 29, 2018

Post-workout muscle building and repair blunted in obese adults, study finds

Obesity is associated with a host of health problems, including heart disease, type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure. According to a new study reported in the Journal of Physiology, obesity also diminishes a person’s ability to build muscle after engaging in resistance exercise. “Several previous studies, including some from […]
August 29, 2018

Faulty ‘eat-me’ signal may trigger neurodegeneration

The nervous system is a complex network of neurons that coordinates the body by transmission of electrical signals. And just like the power lines that deliver electricity to homes and businesses, the nervous system sometimes needs maintenance. During early development, animals are constantly eliminating unnecessary neuronal material; the nervous systems […]
August 28, 2018

Protein Modifications that Point to Cancer

Researchers from the University of Zurich can, for the first time, precisely characterize the protein modification ADP-ribosylation for all proteins in a tissue sample. The changes, which are a typical reaction to stress, provide information about the condition of a cell. Together with the University Hospital Zurich, they are now […]
August 28, 2018

Maple leaf extract could nip skin wrinkles in the bud

Maple trees are best known for their maple syrup and lovely fall foliage. But it turns out that the beauty of those leaves could be skin-deep — and that’s a good thing. Today, scientists report that an extract from the leaves may prevent wrinkles. The scientists had previously studied the […]
August 28, 2018

New drug could prevent debilitating side effect of cancer treatment

About 50,000 people in the U.S. are diagnosed annually with head, neck, nasal and oral cancers. Most are treated with radiation, and of those, 70-80 percent develop a painful and debilitating side effect called severe oral mucositis (SOM). While some drugs are available to treat SOM once it develops, none […]
August 28, 2018

Beluga whales and narwhals go through menopause

Scientists have discovered that beluga whales and narwhals go through the menopause – taking the total number of species known to experience this to five. Aside from humans, the species now known to experience menopause are all toothed whales – belugas, narwhals, killer whales and short-finned pilot whales. Almost all […]
August 28, 2018

One night of sleep loss negatively impacts fat, muscle tissue

Losing just one night of sleep can have a negative impact on human metabolism at the tissue level, according to a study published last week. The findings may explain how long-term shift work and chronic sleep loss can impair metabolism and adversely affect human body composition. Previous studies have shown that the risk […]
August 28, 2018

MU researchers create specialized delivery methods that could help treat cancer, other disorders

More than 100 years ago, German Nobel laureate Paul Ehrlich popularized the “magic bullet” concept — a method that clinicians might one day use to target invading microbes without harming other parts of the body. Although chemotherapies have been highly useful as targeted treatments for cancer, unwanted side effects still […]
August 28, 2018

New Understanding of Glaucoma

Immune cells in the eye that developed in response to early exposure to bacteria are a key contributor to progressive vision loss from glaucoma, the second leading cause of irreversible blindness in the world, according to new research from Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts Eye and Ear and MIT. The findings, published […]