Related Science News – Page 52 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

May 31, 2018

Understanding the origin of Alzheimer’s, looking for a cure

After a decade of work, a team led by Hôpital Maisonneuve-Rosemont researcher and Université de Montréal associate professor Dr. Gilbert Bernier has shed promising light on the origin of the most common and prevalent form of Alzheimer’s disease, hoping to someday help mitigate or even reverse the progress of the […]
May 31, 2018

Baby Born in World’s First In Utero Stem Cell Transplant Trial

An in utero stem cell transplant for a critically ill second-trimester fetus has led to the birth of an apparently healthy infant. The newborn is the first patient enrolled in the world’s first clinical trial using stem cells transplanted prior to birth. The infant was born at UCSF Benioff Children’s […]
May 31, 2018

VTCRI scientists identify novel cellular mechanism that can lead to cancer metastasis

Scientists at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute have added a new dimension to the understanding of how cells alter their communication with one another during development, wound healing, and the spread of cancer. The researchers published their results in Molecular Biology of the Cell, a journal published by the American […]
May 31, 2018

Scientists produced world's first 3D printed corneas

If your cornea gets damaged because of injury or disease, your best option is transplantation. However, there is an extreme shortage of corneas suitable for transplant – currently there are 15 million people worldwide waiting for cornea transplant. But now scientists from the Newcastle University have made an important breakthrough […]
May 30, 2018

Molecule may give rise to new osteoporosis treatments

A molecule promoting blood vessel growth in bone can create an environment suitable for bone-building, representing a potential target for new drugs to treat osteoporosis and fractures, according to new research by Weill Cornell Medicine scientists. The findings, published in Nature Medicine, show that a substance best known for spurring […]
May 29, 2018

Study: Strenuous exercise in adolescence may ward off height loss later in life

A new study has identified several key factors in postmenopausal women that are associated with height loss, a common occurrence in this age group that is known to increase the risk for death and disease. One factor goes back to what study participants may — or may not — have […]
May 29, 2018

Skin responsible for greater exposure to carcinogens in barbecue smoke than lungs

With summer coming, it’s only a matter of time before the smells and tastes of barbecued foods dominate the neighborhood. But there’s a downside to grilling that can literally get under your skin. In a study appearing in Environmental Science & Technology, scientists report that skin is a more important pathway […]
May 28, 2018

How to train your virus

The team of researchers has successfully ‘trained’ a respiratory virus to recognise ovarian cancer and completely destroy it without infecting other cells. The reprogrammed virus could also be used to treat other cancers such as breast, pancreatic, lung and oral. Dr Alan Parker from Cardiff University’s School of Medicine said: […]
May 28, 2018

A Drop of Insight: how genes get passed from parent to child

We know a lot about how genes get passed from parent to child, but scientists are still unraveling how so-called epigenetic information—instructions about which genes to turn on and off—is conveyed from generation to generation. Using the tiny worm Caenorhabditis elegans, a simple and powerful model for uncovering the fundamental workings of […]
May 28, 2018

No Pain, All Gain

Anyone who’s taken a bite of a sandwich with too much spicy mustard or a piece of sushi with too much wasabi can attest to the tear-inducing sensation these condiments can cause. These loud warnings to the nervous system of exposure to potentially harmful chemicals are triggered by TRPA1, a […]
May 28, 2018

Revealing the mysteries of early development

Zebrafish embryos are transparent and develop outside the mother’s body, enabling scientists to get a detailed view of early development. A research team led by Lila Solnica-Krezel, the Alan A. and Edith L. Wolff Distinguished Professor and head of the Department of Developmental Biology at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, […]
May 28, 2018

Changes to Specific MicroRNA Involved in Development of Lou Gehrig's Disease

A new Tel Aviv University study identifies a previously unknown mechanism involved in the development of Lou Gehrig's disease, or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The research focuses on a specific microRNA whose levels were found to decrease as a result of ALS-causing muscular mutations. The study highlights, for the first time, the […]
May 28, 2018

A first look at the earliest decisions that shape a human embryo

The factors that shape the destiny of a cell, like that of a fully formed person, remain something of a mystery. Why, for example, does one stem cell in a human embryo become a neuron rather than a muscle cell? And why does another decide to build cartilage rather than […]
May 28, 2018

New clues may help improve speech for people with ALS

New clues may help improve speech for people with dysarthria, a type of speech disorder commonly found in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Findings in a study led by Jimin Lee, assistant professor of communication sciences and disorders at Penn State, could aid patients with dysarthria. Dysarthria can cause […]
May 25, 2018

New UCI center to look at life by the numbers

 A new interdisciplinary research and education center at the University of California, Irvine will apply the power of mathematics to some of the more vexing mysteries in cell biology. The MathBioSys Center on Multiscale Cell Fate is being initiated with $10 million in funding, half from the National Science Foundation […]
May 25, 2018

Selective neural connections can be reestablished in retina after injury, study finds

The brain's ability to form new neural connections, called neuroplasticity, is crucial to recovery from some types of brain injury, but this process is hard to study and remains poorly understood. A new study of neural circuit repair in the retina shows that neurons can make new connections to the […]
May 25, 2018

From fish to mammal heart

Mammals have bipartite blood circulation, i.e. pulmonary and systemic circulation. The heart is also divided: each circulatory system has an atrium and a ventricle, with the left and right halves of the heart differing in form and function. Scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Heart and Lung Research in […]
May 25, 2018

Tiny particles could help fight brain cancer

Glioblastoma multiforme, a type of brain tumor, is one of the most difficult-to-treat cancers. Only a handful of drugs are approved to treat glioblastoma, and the median life expectancy for patients diagnosed with the disease is less than 15 months. MIT researchers have now devised a new drug-delivering nanoparticle that […]
May 25, 2018

Simulations show how beta-amyloid may kill neural cells

WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. – Beta-amyloid peptides, protein fragments that form naturally in the brain and clump into plaques in Alzheimer’s disease patients, are thought to be responsible for neuron death, but it hasn’t been clear how the substances kill cells. Now, a Purdue University scientist has shown through computer simulations […]
May 24, 2018

In a Break with Dogma, Myelin Boosts Neuron Growth in Spinal Cord Injuries

Recovery after severe spinal cord injury is notoriously fraught, with permanent paralysis often the result. In recent years, researchers have increasingly turned to stem cell-based therapies as a potential method for repairing and replacing damaged nerve cells. They have struggled, however, to overcome numerous innate barriers, including myelin, a mixture […]
May 24, 2018

Subtle hearing loss while young changes brain function, study finds

Cranking up your headphones or scrambling for a front-row spot at rock shows could be damaging more than your hearing. New research from The Ohio State University has found that young people with subtle hearing loss – the kind they aren’t even aware of – are putting demands on their […]
May 24, 2018

Scientists develop potential new approach to stop cancer metastasis

Researchers have identified a compound that blocks the spread of pancreatic and other cancers in various animal models. When cancer spreads from one part of the body to another in a process called metastasis, it can eventually grow beyond the reach of effective therapies. Now, there is a new plan […]
May 23, 2018

Childhood Leukaemia might be Caused by Lack of Exposure to Germs, and could therefore be Prevented, Study Suggests

A review of the most comprehensive body of evidence on acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) — the most common type of childhood cancer – conducted by Professor Mel Greaves from the Institute of Cancer Research in London (ICR) indicates the disease is likely caused by genetic mutation coupled with exposure to […]
May 23, 2018

How turning down the heat makes a baby turtle male

Boy or girl? For those who want to influence their baby’s sex, superstition and folk wisdom offer no shortage of advice whose effectiveness is questionable at best — from what to eat to when to make love. But some animals have a technique backed by scientific proof:  In turtles and […]
May 23, 2018

Why there’s more to funding drugs and medical treatments than the greatest good for the greatest number

One in 50,000 Canadian men suffer from a rare genetic disorder that results in progressive vision loss that robs them of their sight by the age of 40. There is no cure, but an extraordinarily expensive, unproven gene therapy is emerging that holds the promise of at least delaying the […]
May 22, 2018

New minimally invasive, cost-effective method shows promise in treating cancer without harming healthy cells

WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. – Purdue University researchers have developed a minimally invasive technique that may help doctors better explore and treat cancerous cells, tissues and tumors without affecting nearby healthy cells. The method, called PLASMAT – Plasma Technologies for a Healthier Tomorrow – combines three emerging techniques that appear promising in the […]
May 22, 2018

Stem cell signaling drives mammary gland development and, possibly, breast cancer

The human body develops most tissue types during fetal development, in a mother’s uterus. Yet one only tissue develops after birth: the mammary gland. This milk-producing organ, a defining characteristic of mammals, is also the site of one of the most common cancers, breast cancer, which affects roughly one in eight women […]
May 22, 2018

Immune cell provides cradle for mammary stem cells

The study published online this week in the journal Science found that macrophages play an important role in maintaining the mammary gland’s stem cell niche, a sort of nursery for the precursors of milk-producing cells in the breast. “Learning more about the factors that keep mammary stem cells alive and […]
May 22, 2018

UMD Research Shows Hearing Aids Improve Brain Function and Memory in Older Adults

COLLEGE PARK, Md.– One of the most prevalent health conditions among older adults, age-related hearing loss, can lead to cognitive decline, social isolation and depression. However, new research from the University of Maryland Department of Hearing and Speech Sciences (HESP) shows that the use of hearing aids not only restores […]
May 21, 2018

Pig immunology comes of age: killer T cell responses to influenza

The methods developed show how immune cells in pigs, called CD8 (killer) T cells, are recruited in large numbers in the lung after infection with influenza or aerosol vaccination. The tools can also be used to identify virus proteins that are recognised by the immune system, offering the potential to […]