Related Science News – Page 98 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

March 24, 2021

Researcher finds a better way to tap into the brain

The neurosurgeon who examined Sakhrat Khizroev after he lost his eyesight in a horrible accident told the young scientist that his vision would come back slowly. Then, after months of living in darkness, it finally started to return. At first, the images were blurry and fragmented, as if someone were […]
March 24, 2021

Research shows how tissue's microscopic geometry affects spread of cancer

Oregon State University research has revealed a crucial mechanism behind one of humankind's most deadly physiological processes: the movement of malignant cells from one part of the body to another. Published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the U.S. National Science Foundation-funded study led by OSU biophysicist Bo Sun shows the role […]
March 23, 2021

CAR T-cell therapy generates lasting remissions in patients with multiple myeloma

In a major advance in the treatment of multiple myeloma, a CAR T-cell therapy has generated deep, sustained remissions in patients who had relapsed from several previous therapies, an international clinical trial has found. In a study posted online today by the New England Journal of Medicine, trial leaders report […]
March 23, 2021

Taking new steps with artificial platelets

A team of researchers, led by biomedical engineering professor Anirban Sen Gupta, is working toward innovating and advancing platelet-inspired nanotechnology systems to treat severe bleeding in surgery and trauma. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has awarded a $2.1 million, four-year research grant to Sen Gupta and collaborators at the University of […]
March 23, 2021

Viagra may prolong life for men with coronary artery disease

Men with stable coronary artery disease who are on Viagra due to impotence seem to live longer and have a lower risk of experiencing a new heart attack, a study from Karolinska Institutet in Sweden published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology reports. Impotence can be an […]
March 23, 2021

Fourth generation of e-cigarettes is not harmless

A University of California, Riverside, study analyzing fourth-generation electronic cigarette, or EC, pod atomizer design features have found the pod atomizers are similar to those of previous generations and contain elements that may adversely affect health and accumulate in the environment. EC atomizers are chambers that hold nicotine-containing fluid and […]
March 23, 2021

Penn, CHOP and Yale Researchers’ Molecular Simulations Uncover How Kinase Mutations Lead to Cancer Progression

Kinases are a class of enzymes that are responsible for transferring the main chemical energy source used by the body’s cells. As such, they play important roles in diverse cellular processes, including signalling, differentiation, proliferation and metabolism. But since they are so ubiquitous, mutated versions of kinases are frequently found […]
March 22, 2021

The Binarized Transcriptomic Aging Clock

Patterns of epigenetic regulation of gene expression (and thus RNA and protein levels) change constantly in response to cell state and environment. Some of those changes are characteristic responses to the damage and dysfunction of aging. Since the demonstration of the first epigenetic clocks, those that predict age based on […]
March 22, 2021

Vaccination by inhalation

Many viruses infect their hosts through mucosal surfaces such as the lining of the respiratory tract. MIT researchers have now developed a vaccination strategy that can create an army of T cells that are ready and waiting at those surfaces, offering a quicker response to viral invaders. The researchers showed […]
March 22, 2021

New technology ‘retrains’ cells to repair damaged brain tissue in mice after stroke

Most stroke victims don’t receive treatment fast enough to prevent brain damage. Scientists at Ohio State University have developed technology to “retrain” cells to help repair damaged brain tissue – an advancement that may someday help patients regain speech, cognition and motor function, even when administered days after an ischemic […]
March 22, 2021

Health declining in Gen X and Gen Y, national study shows

Recent generations show a worrying decline in health compared to their parents and grandparents when they were the same age, a new national study reveals. Researchers found that, compared to previous generations, members of Generation X and Generation Y showed poorer physical health, higher levels of unhealthy behaviours such as […]
March 22, 2021

Bioengineers learn the secrets to precisely turning on and off genes

In a recent study led by the University of Bristol, scientists have shown how to simultaneously harness multiple forms of regulation in living cells to strictly control gene expression and open new avenues for improved biotechnologies. Engineered microbes are increasingly being used to enable the sustainable and clean production of […]
March 22, 2021

Cancer Immunotherapy May Also Treat Certain Autoimmune Diseases

A team of researchers has found disrupting the interaction between cancer cells and certain immune cells is more effective at killing cancer cells than current immunotherapy treatments. The findings, which include studies in cell lines and animal models, appeared in JCI Insight and focus on a protein called CD6 as a target for […]
March 22, 2021

Brain rewires itself after injury ‘on the edge of what’s compatible with life’

For 13 years, Daniel Carr had no idea he was missing part of his brain. One of the first clues occurred on the baseball field. The coach of his seventh-grade boys’ competitive team in suburban St. Louis noticed Daniel’s unusual, albeit effective, fielding tactic in the outfield. Daniel wore his […]
March 22, 2021

Can changes in driving habits predict cognitive decline in older adults?

Every day in the U.S. in 2018, motor vehicle crashes killed more than 20 people over age 65 and injured almost 700. Older adults are the most responsible drivers of any age group — they tend to obey speed limits and avoid driving at night and in bad weather, for […]
March 22, 2021

Ultrasound may have potential for treating pain after chemotherapy, U of A study shows

Therapeutic ultrasound was a tool in Janice Yurick’s treatment arsenal for 15 years. Yurick, a now-retired physical therapist and former manager of supportive care services at the Cross Cancer Institute, had more than two decades of experience in oncology rehabilitation. She used the technology with patients and saw results, despite […]
March 22, 2021

New method targets disease-causing proteins for destruction

Scientists at the University of Wisconsin–Madison have developed a way to use a cell’s own recycling machinery to destroy disease-causing proteins, a technology that could produce entirely new kinds of drugs. Some cancers, for instance, are associated with abnormal proteins or an excess of normally harmless proteins. By eliminating them, […]
March 21, 2021

Age-Associated B Cells Contribute to Autoimmunity and Chronic Inflammation

The immune system becomes disordered and dysfunctional with age in numerous different ways. The B cell component accumulates inflammatory and problematic cells that are known as age-associated B cells. Here, researchers show that these errant B cells produce antibodies that provoke autoimmunity. B cell aging is a problem with a […]
March 20, 2021

FOXO1 Influences Proteosomal Function via Regulation of the Expression of a Proteasome Subunit

The proteasome is a complex structure in the cell that is responsible for breaking down unwanted proteins. Like other recycling processes, proteasomal function is connected to life span in short-lived species. Better cell maintenance in response to stress and damage improves cell function, organ function, and longevity. The proteasome is […]
March 20, 2021

Electromagnetic fields hinder spread of breast cancer

Electricity may slow – and in some cases, stop – the speed at which breast cancer cells spread through the body, a new study indicates. The research also found that electromagnetic fields might hinder the amount of breast cancer cells that spread. The findings, published recently in the journal Bioelectricity, suggest […]
March 20, 2021

Cancer survivors face elevated heart disease risk, study finds

A new study has found that about 35% of Americans with a cancer history had an elevated risk of cardiovascular disease in the next decade, compared with about 23% of those who didn’t have cancer. Based on a risk calculator that estimates a person’s 10-year chances of developing heart disease or stroke, […]
March 20, 2021

Lower dose of oestrogen receptor modulator seems to reduce risk of breast cancer

While the drug tamoxifen reduces the risk of developing breast cancer and prevents recurrence, the side-effects cause many women to discontinue their treatment. A study involving researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm has now found that a much lower dose than the standard produces a good effect with fewer adverse […]
March 20, 2021

AI method can detect precursors to cervical cancer

Using artificial intelligence and mobile digital microscopy, researchers hope to create screening tools that can detect precursors to cervical cancer in women in resource-limited settings. A study led by researchers at Karolinska Institutet and the University of Helsinki now shows that AI screenings of pap smears carried out with portable […]
March 19, 2021

Two Proteins Critical for Kidney Function

More than 37 million people in the United States have chronic kidney disease, the result of ever-increasing rates of common health conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure. Normal kidneys work relentlessly to maintain a crucial balance of fluids inside our bodies. They also filter sodium, other minerals and […]
March 19, 2021

Researchers Identify a New, Vital Player in Graft-Versus-Host Disease and Organ Transplant Rejection

A long noncoding RNA whose function was previously unknown turns out to play a vital role in mobilizing the immune response following a bone marrow transplant or solid organ transplantation. This RNA molecule, catalogued in scientific databases simply as Linc00402, helps activate immune defenders known as T cells in response […]
March 19, 2021

Can Prebiotics Help Protect Against Immunotherapy-Induced Colitis?

Prebiotics are an intriguing potential approach to curbing some of the severe side effects that life-saving immunotherapy treatments can wreak on the gut, according to an analysis of recent studies and clinical trials by researchers at the University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center. Rather than trying to introduce beneficial strains of […]
March 19, 2021

Multiethnic Tumor Models Aid in the Search for New Approaches Against Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

A team of researchers from the University of Michigan and the Henry Ford Health System is shedding new light on important differences in triple-negative breast cancer tumours from African, African American and white patients. The work was conducted using mouse xenograft models implanted with patient breast tumours. The findings, which […]
March 19, 2021

Arguing the Direction of Causation in Atherosclerosis and Clonal Hematopoiesis

A major challenge in the study of aging and age-related disease is establishing the direction of causation. A great many mechanisms of aging are known, but it is difficult to firmly establish the relationships between them. The body is made up of many interacting systems, and changes in any one […]
March 19, 2021

Excessive use of smartphones and social media likely to lead to teeth-grinding and facial muscle pain

A new study from the Maurice and Gabriela Goldschleger School of Dental Medicine at Tel Aviv University (TAU) has found that the excessive use of smartphones and social media can lead to problems sleeping; drowsiness and fatigue during the day; teeth-grinding; and pain in the mouth muscles and jaws. The researchers compared about 600 […]
March 19, 2021

Study shows stronger brain activity after writing on paper than on tablet or smartphone

A study of Japanese university students and recent graduates has revealed that writing on physical paper can lead to more brain activity when remembering the information an hour later. Researchers say that the unique, complex, spatial and tactile information associated with writing by hand on physical paper is likely what […]