Related Science News – Page 6 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

July 13, 2021

An 'astounding' find reveals a rare cause of epilepsy

Researchers at The University of Queensland, working to gain a better understanding of how brain cells work, have discovered the underlying mechanism of a rare genetic mutation that can cause epilepsy. Dr Victor Anggono from UQ’s Queensland Brain Institute said his team made the ground-breaking findings while researching nerve cell communications, which are […]
July 13, 2021

Role of host genetics on gut microbiome is near-universal, but environmentally-dependent

Taken together, the bacteria, viruses, fungi and other microbes that live in our intestines from the gut microbiome, which plays a key role in the health of people and animals. In new research from the University of Minnesota, the University of Notre Dame and Duke University, scientists found that genetics […]
July 13, 2021

A fermented-food diet increases microbiome diversity and lowers inflammation

A diet rich in fermented foods enhances the diversity of gut microbes and decreases molecular signs of inflammation, according to researchers at the Stanford School of Medicine. In a clinical trial, 36 healthy adults were randomly assigned to a 10-week diet that included either fermented or high-fibre foods. The two diets […]
July 13, 2021

Can blood be used to predict age-related diseases?

How much can a simple blood sample tell us about a person’s health? Can it give clues about whether a person will develop cardiovascular disease or leukemia? Can it predict how severe a person’s heart disease will be? John Dick, senior scientist at Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, University Health Network […]
July 13, 2021

A New Diagnostic Tool for Small Tumors in Breasts

A bioengineering professor at The University of Texas at Arlington is developing a technique to diagnose tiny breast tumors that could reduce the anxiety, uncertainty and high costs often faced by patients. Biopsy results show that about 80% of very small tumors are benign; 15% are low-grade, non-life-threatening cancers; and […]
July 13, 2021

“We need to prevent the development of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome”

In a recently published review article in Nature Reviews Endocrinology, two researchers at the Department of Physiology and Pharmacology at KI, concludes where the field of research isepige regarding causes behind and development of, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) and how epigenetic processes can contribute to the development of the syndrome. […]
July 12, 2021

Novel drug targets/seeds related to cancer-neuron axis

NineSigma, on behalf of Daiichi Sankyo Co., Ltd., seeks novel drug targets or seeds, which are related to the cancer-neuron axis, an interaction between the nervous system and tumour. Recent studies suggest that the nervous system including nerve cells and neural factors exaggerates cancer cell growth in the tumour microenvironment (Trends […]
July 12, 2021

Introducing the Modeling Cell Proliferation and the Cell Microenvironment Collection

In 2020, PLOS ONE announced a Call for Papers on Modeling Cell Proliferation and the Cell Microenvironment. This week, we celebrate the launch of this collection, which includes a number of papers offering new insights into this vital topic. Understanding the cellular microenvironment and how cells proliferate has a number of useful applications, and […]
July 11, 2021

The Side Effects of Vaccines – How High is the Risk?

Vaccines, like many other things in the world, sometimes have a negative side attached to their main positive effect of protecting us against different – and potentially lethal – diseases. Luckily, this 'negative side' has a very, very low chance of manifesting in practice. Many different tests and clinical trials […]
July 11, 2021

Engineered Cells Successfully Treat Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Disease

UCSF Proof-of-Concept Study Shows Possibilities of More Cost-Effective Cell Therapy Using ‘Universal’ Stem Cells. Scientists at UC San Francisco have shown that gene-edited cellular therapeutics can be used to successfully treat cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases, potentially paving the way for developing less expensive cellular therapies to treat diseases for which […]
July 11, 2021

Some Assembly Required: How a Cellular Machine Builds Itself

As you read this text, the millions of cells that make up your body are hard at work. Within every cell is a flurry of activity keeping you alive, mostly driven by machinery that is made up of proteins. Some of this protein machinery is so important to living things […]
July 10, 2021

Researchers image an entire mouse brain for the first time

X-ray technology at Argonne’s Advanced Photon Source allows researchers to measure from synapse to whole brain level. Researchers at the University of Chicago and the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory have imaged an entire mouse brain across five orders of magnitude of resolution, a step which researchers […]
July 10, 2021

Unraveling the origins of Alzheimer’s disease

Case Western Reserve University researchers studying human prions—misfolded proteins that cause lethal and incurable diseases—have, for the first time, identified surface features responsible for the replication of prions in the brain. The ultimate goal of their research is to design a strategy to stop prion disease in humans—and, ultimately, to […]
July 10, 2021

Covid-19: Risks of severe illness in children shown to be very low in largest study yet

The risk of severe illness and death from SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes Covid-19, is extremely low in children and teenagers, according to the most comprehensive analyses of public health data, led by researchers at UCL, University of Bristol, University of York and the University of Liverpool. However, catching Covid-19 […]
July 10, 2021

Cell structure previously associated with disease actually improves brain function

Researchers at McGill University have shown that a brain cell structure previously thought to be pathological in fact enhances cells’ ability to transmit information and correlates with a better learning on certain tasks. In a study published in Nature Communications, the team investigated swellings that occur in the axons of Purkinje […]
July 10, 2021

CSHL organoid facility: Cancer custodians

Part of Dennis Plenker’s daily job, as a Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) research investigator, is growing cancer. And a variety of different ones, too. Depending on the day and the project, different tumours may flourish. They might be aggressive breast cancers. They might be glioblastomas, one of the deadliest […]
July 10, 2021

MRI can cut overdiagnoses in prostate-cancer screening by half

Most countries have not introduced nationwide prostate cancer screening, as current methods result in overdiagnoses and excessive and unnecessary biopsies. A new study by researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden, which is published in The New England Journal of Medicine, indicates that screening by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and targeted […]
July 9, 2021

Precision medicine helps identify “at-risk rapid decliners” in early-stage kidney disease

Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure in the United States, but identifying type 1 or type 2 diabetes patients at high risk for progressive kidney disease has never had a sure science behind it. Historically, assessing kidney function meant looking at estimated glomerular filtration rate, a calculation that determines […]
July 9, 2021

New Alzheimer’s treatment targets identified

A research team at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis has identified potential new treatment targets for Alzheimer’s disease, as well as existing drugs that have therapeutic potential against these targets. The potential targets are defective proteins that lead to the buildup of amyloid in the brain, contributing […]
July 9, 2021

High-tech imaging reveals blood, oxygen flow, energy metabolism in mouse kidneys

Acute kidney injury, or acute renal failure, can occur suddenly from a variety of causes, including the systemic blood infection sepsis, which causes changes in oxygen flow to and metabolism in the kidneys. Researchers in the McKelvey School of Engineering at Washington University in St. Louis and the University of […]
July 9, 2021

Impulsiveness tied to faster eating in children, can lead to obesity

Children who eat slower are less likely to be extroverted and impulsive, according to a new study co-led by the University at Buffalo and Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. The research, which sought to uncover the relationship between temperament and eating behaviors in early childhood, also found that kids who were […]
July 9, 2021

Pets & PTSD: How the Human-Animal Bond Complements Treatment for Veterans

Dogs are often referred to as “man’s best friend,” but for some military veterans, these four-legged accomplices also take on the role of therapist and confidant in the battle against Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). When combined with traditional, evidence-based interventions, the human-animal bond has proven to be an effective, […]
July 9, 2021

Protein’s ‘silent code’ affects how cells move

The protein actin is ubiquitous and essential for life. In mammals, every cell expresses two of its forms, beta-actin and gamma-nonmuscle-actin. Despite having distinct roles, the two forms are nearly identical, sharing 99% of their amino acid sequence. Research by Anna Kashina of Penn’s School of Veterinary Medicine and colleagues has shown that, […]
July 9, 2021

Penn Engineering’s Latest ‘Organ-On-a-Chip’ is a New Way to Study Cancer-related Muscle Wasting

Studying drug effects on human muscles just got easier thanks to a new “muscle-on-a-chip,” developed by a team of researchers from Penn’s School of Engineering and Applied Science and Inha University in Incheon, Korea. Muscle tissue is essential to almost all of the body’s organs, however, diseases such as cancer and diabetes […]
July 8, 2021

Researchers Discovered a Gut Microbiota Profile That Can Predict Mortality

Researchers discovered that a large amount of enterobacteria in the gut microbiota is related to long-term mortality risk in Finnish adult population. The study conducted by the University of Turku and the Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare together with an international research team is so far the largest population-level […]
July 8, 2021

Novel Antibody Drug Wakes Up the Body’s Defense System in Advanced-stage Cancer

Researchers at the University of Turku, Finland, showed that the antibody treatment reactivates the immune defense in patients with advanced-stage cancer. The treatment alters the function of the body’s phagocytes and facilitates extensive activation of the immune system. The immune defense is the body’s own defense system equipped to combat […]
July 8, 2021

HIV and Coronary Artery Plaque

Significant amounts of atherosclerotic plaque have been found in the coronary arteries of people with HIV, even in those considered by traditional measures to be at low-to-moderate risk of future heart disease, according to a study published in JAMA Network Open. This finding emerged from the global REPRIEVE (Randomized Trial to […]
July 8, 2021

Study shows aspirin can reduce the risk of heart attacks and strokes in patients with pneumonia

Aspirin can reduce the risk of serious cardiovascular events such as ischemic stroke and heart attack in patients with pneumonia, according to new research. Serious cardiovascular complications are common in cases of pneumonia and are strongly associated with long-term mortality. A study by Dr Fergus Hamilton and colleagues at the University of Bristol looked […]
July 7, 2021

Scientists discover immune cell behaviour that plays a key role in Alzheimer’s disease

A new study has pinpointed a small group of cells in the brain which could be crucial to understanding how Alzheimer’s disease begins and how to slow its progression. This discovery could help research into treatment for the disease by focusing on this key group of cells in the brain. […]
July 7, 2021

Non-invasive potential treatment for Alzheimer’s disease

Ultrasound can overcome some of the detrimental effects of ageing and dementia without the need to cross the blood-brain barrier, researchers at The University of Queensland have found. Professor Jürgen Götz from UQ’s Queensland Brain Institute (QBI) led a multidisciplinary team who showed low-intensity ultrasound effectively restored cognition without opening the barrier in mice models. The findings […]