Related Science News – Page 24 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

June 25, 2019

A better way to encapsulate islet cells for diabetes treatment

When medical devices are implanted in the body, the immune system often attacks them, producing scar tissue around the device. This buildup of tissue, known as fibrosis, can interfere with the device’s function. MIT researchers have now come up with a novel way to prevent fibrosis from occurring, by incorporating […]
June 25, 2019

New Therapy Targets Gut Bacteria to Prevent and Reverse Food Allergies

Study finds altered gut microbiota in infants with food allergy; oral therapy to replenish bacteria prevented food allergy and suppressed established disease in mice. Every three minutes, a food-related allergic reaction sends someone to the emergency room in the U.S. Currently, the only way to prevent a reaction is for […]
June 25, 2019

Tamp the Tumor

A growing body of evidence suggests that traditional cancer treatments can paradoxically promote new tumor growth. Now, a team of Harvard Medical School scientists led by Dipak Panigrahy and Allison Gartung of the Cancer Center at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center has demonstrated that administration of anti-inflammatory treatments and proresolution […]
June 25, 2019

Alzheimer’s missing link ID’d, answering what tips brain’s decline

Years before symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease appear, two kinds of damaging proteins silently collect in the brain: amyloid beta and tau. Clumps of amyloid accumulate first, but tau is particularly noxious. Wherever tangles of the tau protein appear, brain tissue dies, triggering the confusion and memory loss that are hallmarks […]
June 25, 2019

Chemo is a Go for Treating Equine Lymphoma

Cancer isn’t as common for horses as it is for humans and dogs and cats. And because equine cancer symptoms—weight loss, nausea, lethargy, loss of appetite, lameness, skin and coat conditions, among others—often don’t start appearing until the cancer has advanced, it can be hard to reverse its progression. For […]
June 25, 2019

A new drug target for chemically induced Parkinson’s disease

More than three decades ago, scientists discovered that a chemical found in a synthetic opioid, MPTP, induced the onset of a form of Parkinson’s disease. In a new study led by scientists from the School of Veterinary Medicine, researchers found that an enzyme in the body can metabolize compounds formed […]
June 25, 2019

Mood Neurons Mature During Adolescence

Researchers have discovered that a mysterious group of neurons in the amygdala – a key center for emotional processing in the brain – remain in an immature, prenatal developmental state throughout childhood. Most of these cells mature rapidly during adolescence, suggesting a key role in the brain’s emotional development, but some stay […]
June 25, 2019

Study Ties Poor Sleep to Reduced Memory Performance in Older Adults

A new study has found that variability in night-to-night sleep time and reduced sleep quality adversely affect the ability of older adults to recall information about past events. The study also found unexpected racial differences in the type of sleep patterns tied to lower memory performance across both younger and […]
June 25, 2019

Hydrogel Offers Double Punch Against Orthopedic Bone Infections

Surgery prompted by automobile accidents, combat wounds, cancer treatment and other conditions can lead to bone infections that are difficult to treat and can delay healing until they are resolved. Now, researchers have a developed a double-duty hydrogel that both attacks the bacteria and encourages bone regrowth with a single […]
June 25, 2019

Sugars that coat proteins are a possible drug target for pancreatitis

Pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas that accounts for 275,000 hospitalizations in the United States annually. Patients who suffer from hereditary pancreatitis have a 40 to 50 percent lifetime risk of developing pancreatic cancer. Dannielle Engle, a former Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) Cancer Center postdoctoral fellow who was recently appointed Assistant Professor […]
June 25, 2019

Low-carb diet may reduce diabetes risk independent of weight loss

A low-carb diet may have benefits for people at risk of developing type 2 diabetes even if they don’t lose any weight, a new study suggests. Researchers at The Ohio State University wanted to know what happens to obese people with metabolic syndrome, a precursor to diabetes, when they eat […]
June 25, 2019

Circadian clock can be readjusted – night owls can improve their lives with a simple tweak

Some people are night owls. They stay up very late and then fail to wake up early. In fact, they don’t even wake up at the time that we consider to be morning. Being a night owl is associated with depression, worse health and even an early death, but there […]
June 23, 2019

Being overweight now will cause you great trouble when you're 50

Make a choice today – become healthier. Move more, eat better, drink plenty of water and lose weight. There is a number of reasons why you should do that, including health risks associated with being overweight. Scientists from UCL found that people who are obese from childhood through to middle […]
June 23, 2019

Being born to an overweight mother increases your chances of having type 2 diabetes

The quality of your life depends on many factors, including your upbringing. Your parents do their best to teach you well, but some choices they make themselves are not the best. Also, some genes you get from them also push you to a wrong direction. Scientists from the University of […]
June 22, 2019

Scientists map elusive toxic proteins linked to Alzheimer’s, providing new molecular clues for prevention

A team of researchers from McMaster University has mapped at atomic resolution a toxic protein linked to Alzheimer’s disease, allowing them to better understand what is happening deep within the brain during the earliest stages of the disease.     The findings, published on the front cover of the current […]
June 22, 2019

Scientists uncovered the mechanism, responsible for reduced blood flow in Alzheimer's brains

The way energy is distributed throughout the body is by blood. It provides oxygen and nutrients to different parts of the body, including brain. Previous studies have shown that  the first change in Alzheimer’s disease is a decrease in cerebral blood flow. Now scientists from UCL confirmed that reduced blood […]
June 21, 2019

Cancer is smarter than you think: Q&A with Geeta Mehta

Geeta Mehta studies cancer not simply as masses of cells but as structured organs with multiple cell types that communicate with each other and interact with the body—much like your lungs or liver. “Tumors are not merely cancerous cells that undergo mindless proliferation. Rather, they are highly organized and interconnected organ […]
June 21, 2019

Swell Snapshots

After decades of attempts by the scientific community, researchers at Harvard Medical School and Peking University have provided the first clear look at a protein implicated in a vast array of inflammatory conditions. The finding, published in Nature, lifts a blindfold that has hampered scientists' ability to intervene when the […]
June 21, 2019

Screen Time and the Brain

Whether we like it or not, digital devices are everywhere. Some of us can barely put them down, even when we’re with cherished family and friends. While these devices can enhance learning and build community, they can also interfere with everything from sleep to creativity. Pediatrician Michael Rich, wants to […]
June 21, 2019

New findings can help Parkinson's patients

For patients with Parkinson’s disease, early signs of a certain part of the brain being broken down has been shown to have a negative impact on the course of the disease. The results of a study which researchers from Aarhus University and Aarhus University Hospital are behind can potentially alter […]
June 21, 2019

Signature of an ineffective immune response to cancer revealed

Our immune system is programmed to destroy cancer cells. Sometimes it has trouble slowing disease progression because it doesn’t act quickly or strongly enough. In a study published in The Journal of Clinical Investigation, researchers from the University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre (CRCHUM) revealed the genetic signature of this […]
June 21, 2019

Targeting the Microbiome Could Improve Parkinson’s Therapy

For some people with Parkinson’s disease, Levodopa is a wonder drug, capable of eliminating almost overnight the tremors and movement difficulties that characterize the neurodegenerative disorder. Other patients are not so lucky – the drug is either much less effective, or its power seems to wane after just a few […]
June 21, 2019

Landmark study signals shift in thinking about stem cell differentiation

A pioneering new study led by Florida State University biologists could fundamentally change our understanding of how embryonic stem cells differentiate into specific cell types. The research, published in the journal Stem Cell Reports, calls into question decades of scientific consensus about the behavior of embryonic stem cells as they […]
June 20, 2019

Heart Health 4 Moms Program Aims to Improve Outcomes for Women with Recent Preeclampsia

For many pregnant women, a diagnosis of preeclampsia can come as a shock. While more common among women carrying multiples and those with chronic high blood pressure, the condition can occur in healthy women without any symptoms. Preeclampsia resolves after a mother gives birth, but women who have had preeclampsia […]
June 20, 2019

Study of multiethnic genomes identifies 27 genetic variants associated with certain diseases

In a study published in the journal Nature, researchers identified 27 new genomic variants associated with conditions such as blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, cigarette use and chronic kidney disease in diverse populations. The team collected data from 49,839 African-American, Hispanic/Latino, Asian, Native Hawaiian, Native American and people who identified […]
June 20, 2019

New toolkit guides health-care professionals to assess dementia in a new way

University of Alberta-led research is revolutionizing the way health professionals assess the decision-making capacity of seniors in Edmonton and across the province. The model led to a 60 per cent drop in referrals to geriatricians and an 80 per cent drop in the number of capacity interviews required when it […]
June 20, 2019

Excessive Napping Linked to Cognitive Decline in Older Men

Excessive napping may be an early warning sign of age-related cognitive decline in older men, according to a 12-year study by UC San Francisco scientists. The researchers used wrist-mounted sensors to track sleep–wake habits over five days in nearly 3,000 men over the age of 65 living in community housing […]
June 20, 2019

Oregon State researchers identify compounds that starve melanoma cancer cells of energy

Researchers at Oregon State University and Oregon Health & Science University have found a possible counterpunch to the drug resistance of melanoma, the most dangerous form of skin cancer. The findings, published in the journal Molecular Carcinogenesis, are important because in the United States alone, almost 100,000 new melanoma cases will […]
June 20, 2019

Scientists chart course toward a new world of synthetic biology

Genetically engineered trees that provide fire-resistant lumber for homes. Modified organs that won’t be rejected. Synthetic microbes that monitor your gut to detect invading disease organisms and kill them before you get sick. These are just some of the exciting advances likely to emerge from the 20-year-old field of engineering […]
June 19, 2019

Using gene editing, neuroscientists develop a new model for autism

Using the genome-editing system CRISPR, researchers at MIT and in China have engineered macaque monkeys to express a gene mutation linked to autism and other neurodevelopmental disorders in humans. These monkeys show some behavioral traits and brain connectivity patterns similar to those seen in humans with these conditions. Mouse studies […]