Related Science News – Page 63 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

September 14, 2017

Lower Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Levels Elevate Risk of Thyroid Cancer

There is an increased risk of thyroid cancer associated with lower-than-normal thyroid hormone levels, a finding that could have a major impact on patients fighting the disease. The Yale-led study, published in American Association for Cancer Research journal examined the effect of Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) on the development of human papillary […]
September 14, 2017

Researchers Develop New Strategy to Target KRAS Mutant Cancer

Although KRAS is one of the major oncogenes associated with aggressive cancers, drugs designed to block KRAS function have not been able to halt cancer progression in a clinical setting.  Until now, KRAS has remained infamously “undruggable.” In a new study, published in Cancer Discovery, University of California San Diego School […]
September 13, 2017

Does health insurance status affect childhood cancer survival?

Privately insured children and those with Medicaid at the time of a cancer diagnosis experience largely similar survival trends, with slight evidence for an increased risk of cancer death in children who were uninsured at diagnosis, finds a new study from the Brown School at Washington University in St. Louis. […]
September 13, 2017

Does improving cardiovascular health reduce risk of dementia?

Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis are recruiting volunteers for a national study that is exploring whether strategies to improve cardiovascular health also reduce the risk of dementia in those at risk for Alzheimer’s disease. The multicenter study is evaluating aerobic exercise, intensive medical management of […]
September 13, 2017

Hospice care is short and may start later than needed

Older adults are admitted to hospice for short duration despite experiencing symptoms months prior to the end of life, according to a Yale-led study. The finding highlights the need for earlier hospice admission or other strategies to address increasing symptoms and disability at the end of life, the researchers said. […]
September 12, 2017

Protein identified in post-chemo cell death puzzle

Because anticancer drugs are designed to kill growing cells, they also affect normal, fast-growing cells—blood cells forming in the bone marrow, for example, and digestive, reproductive, and hair follicle cells. Chemotherapy may also affect cells in vital organs, such as the heart, kidney, bladder, lungs, and nervous system. Researchers at […]
September 11, 2017

Human skin cells transformed directly into motor neurons

Scientists working to develop new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases have been stymied by the inability to grow human motor neurons in the lab. Motor neurons drive muscle contractions, and their damage underlies devastating diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and spinal muscular atrophy, both of which ultimately lead to paralysis […]
September 11, 2017

Breast Cancer Patients Who Freeze Their Eggs See No Delay for Chemotherapy

Women who receive a breast cancer diagnosis while they are still young enough to bear children can take time to freeze their eggs and embryos without fear of delaying their cancer treatment, according to research by UC San Francisco scientists who have helped develop a faster fertility preservation technique that can […]
September 8, 2017

Adding modified herpes virus to immunotherapy shows promise for treating advanced melanoma

In a two-year study at UCLA, nearly two-thirds of people with advanced melanoma responded positively to a treatment that combines the immunotherapy drug pembrolizumab with a herpes virus called talimogene laherpareovec, or T-VEC. Researchers led by Dr. Antoni Ribas found that the treatment’s side effects were manageable, and comparable to […]
September 7, 2017

Zika virus kills brain cancer stem cells

While Zika virus causes devastating damage to the brains of developing fetuses, it one day may be an effective treatment for glioblastoma, a deadly form of brain cancer. New research from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and the University of California San Diego School of Medicine shows […]
September 7, 2017

Biologists slow aging, extend lifespan of fruit flies

UCLA biologists have developed an intervention that serves as a cellular time machine — turning back the clock on a key component of aging. In a study on middle-aged fruit flies, the researchers substantially improved the animals’ health while significantly slowing their aging. They believe the technique could eventually lead […]
September 7, 2017

Scientists edging towards understanding what causes middle-age blindness

Getting older is not something people admire. Your body becomes weaker and you generally start losing some of its capacities. For example, around 1 in 3000 middle-age people start experience reduction of sight. Why is that? A new study from The University of Edinburgh determined genetic reasons for the middle-age […]
September 6, 2017

Scientists discover a gene, which sparks the neurogenesis – the birth of brain cells

At some point no vertebrates had brains and this is weird to think about it. At the beginning of the development of the new life, while it is still in mother‘s womb, vertebrates don‘t have brains and all of a sudden neurogenesis takes place and brain starts forming. How does […]
September 6, 2017

Zika Virus Targets and Kills Brain Cancer Stem Cells

In developing fetuses, infection by the Zika virus can result in devastating neurological damage, most notably microcephaly and other brain malformations. In a new study, published in The Journal of Experimental Medicine, researchers at the University of California San Diego School of Medicine and Washington University School of Medicine in St. […]
September 6, 2017

Cheaper and better: simple screening for cardiovascular diseases saves more lives per krone spent than cancer screening

Just as many Danes die of cardiovascular diseases as cancer. However, the majority of funding ends in cancer screening. A major new study now shows that a combined screening for cardiovascular diseases delivers more lifespan per krone spent than, for example, cancer screening programmes. “National screening programmes have been implemented […]
September 5, 2017

Which genetic marker is the ring leader in the onset of Alzheimer’s disease?

The notorious genetic marker of Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia, ApoE4, may not be a lone wolf. Researchers from USC and The University of Manchester have found that another gene, TOMM40, complicates the picture. Although ApoE4 plays a greater role in some types of aging-related memory ability, the […]
September 5, 2017

Staying in education for longer may help maintaining a healthy heart

There are many good ways of maintaining health of your heart. You should exercise, avoid prolonged periods of sitting, eat less fat food and so on. But did you know that staying in education for longer may help you avoiding heart disease? A new study from UCL has shown that […]
September 5, 2017

Move over Gucci; researchers create designer stem cells

UW Medicine researchers recently lead a successful effort to create “designer” stem cells that might lead to advances in cancer and aging, they say. In a paper published this week in the journal PNAS, the scientists showed for the first time that a computer-generated protein can be inserted into stem cells to change their epigenetic memory, whose role is to […]
September 4, 2017

A blood test can predict early lung cancer prognosis

Cancer cells obtained from a blood test may be able to predict how early-stage lung cancer patients will fare, a team from the University of Michigan has shown. This information could be used to determine which patients are most likely to benefit from additional therapies to head off the spread […]
September 1, 2017

Nucleolus is a life expectancy predictor

Can a cell show its biological age? And is it possible to foresee an animal’s lifespan? Scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing in Cologne discovered a connection between the size of the nucleolus – a tiny structure in the very center of the cell – and […]
August 31, 2017

Bone Marrow Protein May Be Target for Improving Stem Cell Transplants

Bone marrow contains hematopoetic stem cells, the precursors to every blood cell type. These cells spring into action following bone marrow transplants, bone marrow injury and during systemic infection, creating new blood cells, including immune cells, in a process known as hematopoiesis. A new study led by University of Pennsylvania […]
August 30, 2017

Ancient Chinese medicine holds the answer of an effective osteoporosis treatment

Osteoporosis is a disease which reduces bone density, increasing the risk of breaking. Osteoporosis sufferers are typically older people – it is the main reason of a broken bone among the elderly. Now scientists from The University of British Columbia have found a potential candidate for a new treatment – […]
August 29, 2017

It’s Not a Rat’s Race for Human Stem Cells Grafted to Repair Spinal Cord Injuries

More than one-and-a-half years after implantation, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and the San Diego Veterans Administration Medical Center report that human neural stem cells (NSCs) grafted into spinal cord injuries in laboratory rats displayed continued growth and maturity, with functional recovery beginning one year […]
August 28, 2017

Pluripotent Stem Cells Generated using a 3D Printer

A group of researchers from the ARC Centre of Excellence for Electromaterials Science (ACES) at the University of Wollongong had developed a way of “printing” human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) using a custom bioink. The tem behind a paper documenting the new technique, published in the journal Advanced Healthcare […]
August 28, 2017

Biomedical researcher conducts promising trial of potential therapy for spinal muscular atrophy

A drug developed by an Iowa State University biomedical researcher as a potential treatment for spinal muscular atrophy showed promising results in a recently published study. Ravindra Singh, a professor of biomedical sciences in the ISU College of Veterinary Medicine, has been studying spinal muscular atrophy, a leading genetic cause […]
August 27, 2017

Why placebo effect works only for some people? Scientists think they may have the answer

Everyone knows that placebo is capable of effectively reducing pain, but people respond differently to placebo treatment. A new study from the University of Luxembourg revealed that it depends heavily on person‘s ability to reinterpret negative events and to control feelings. Interestingly, this was figured out using fMRI technology. Placebo […]
August 26, 2017

Digital storytelling helps people with dementia trigger memories

For Myrna Caroline Jacques, digital storytelling is her way of fighting Alzheimer’s. “I thought maybe if I do this and use my brain, the disease won’t take over as soon. “That’s my goal,” the 77-year-old grandma of five said. She may be onto something. A recent UAlberta study on digital […]
August 25, 2017

Stem Cell Treatment for Children With Spina Bifida Helps Dogs First

A pair of English bulldog puppies are the first patients to be successfully treated with a unique therapy — a combination of surgery and stem cells — developed at the University of California, Davis, to help preserve lower-limb function in children with spina bifida. Because dogs with the birth defect […]
August 24, 2017

Artificial Intelligence Algorithm Predicts Dementia two Years before the Onset of Symptoms

Drawing on available data on people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) from the Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI), researchers at McGill University in Canada had trained a machine-learning algorithm to identify which patients will go on to develop dementia within a 24 month period with 84% accuracy. The data used […]
August 18, 2017

Two-step process leads to cell immortalization and cancer

A mutation that helps make cells immortal is critical to the development of a tumor, but new research at UC Berkeley suggests that becoming immortal is a more complicated process than originally thought. The key to immortalization is an enzyme called telomerase, which keeps chromosomes healthy in cells that divide […]