Related Science News

August 13, 2020

Perfectly Balanced: The Yin and Yang of Inflammation Controlled By A Single Molecule

Penn Study Reveals A Molecular Mechanism That Helps The Body Mount Perfectly Balanced Responses to Deadly Infections. Researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania have now identified a protein called histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3) as the orchestrator of the immune system’s inflammation response to infection. […]
August 13, 2020

TAU Scientists Successfully Reduce Metastatic Spread Following Tumor Removal Surgery

A research group from Tel Aviv University (TAU) successfully reduced metastatic spread following tumor removal surgery in colorectal cancer patients. Using a short medication treatment around the time of the surgery, the researchers were able to reduce body stress responses and physiological inflammation during this critical period, preventing the development of metastases […]
August 13, 2020

Immunotherapy-resistant cancers eliminated in mouse study

Immunotherapy has revolutionized cancer treatment by stimulating the patient’s own immune system to attack cancer cells, yielding remarkably quick and complete remission in some cases. But such drugs work for less than a quarter of patients because tumors are notoriously adept at evading an immune assault. A new study in […]
August 13, 2020

Brain’s Ability to Rewire Itself is Connected to Gene Expression

From birth, the normal human brain rewires itself in response to sensory stimulation from the outside world. To put it simply, it does this by strengthening the connections between certain brain cells through a junction called a synapse. The brain’s ability to change in this way is known as synaptic […]
August 13, 2020

Plant-based meat lowers some cardiovascular risk factors compared with red meat

A diet that includes an average of two servings of plant-based meat alternatives lowers some cardiovascular risk factors compared with a diet that instead includes the same amount of animal meat, Stanford Medicine scientists found. Swapping out red meat for plant-based meat alternatives can lower some cardiovascular risk factors, according […]
August 12, 2020

Are Your Gums Saying Something About Your Dementia Risk?

Gum disease, especially the kind that is irreversible and causes tooth loss, may be associated with mild cognitive impairment and dementia 20 years later, according to a study published in the July 29, 2020, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. “We looked at […]
August 12, 2020

Young nearsighted kids benefit from bifocal contact lenses, study shows

Bifocal contact lenses aren’t just for aging eyes anymore. In nearsighted kids as young as 7 years old, multifocal contact lenses with a heavy dose of added reading power can dramatically slow further progression of myopia, new research has found. In the three-year clinical trial of almost 300 children, a […]
August 12, 2020

U of T researchers discover how to get more cancer-fighting nanoparticles to where they're needed

Researchers in the University of Toronto's Faculty of Applied Science & Engineering have discovered a dose threshold that greatly increases the delivery of cancer-fighting drugs into a tumour. The findings, published recently in the journal Nature Materials, provide a potentially universal method for gauging nanoparticle dosage and could help advance a new generation […]
August 12, 2020

Researchers target immune system to treat rare cancer

A genetic diagnosis led to the successful treatment of a 52-year old man, guiding immune therapy for his rare cancer and providing relief after a lifetime of unexplained immune symptoms. Researchers led by A/Prof Tri Phan at the Garvan Institute of Medical Research, analyzed the genome of Sydney man Michael, […]
August 12, 2020

Researchers discover how genome controls early human development

A team led by scientists from The University of Manchester has discovered how our genome controls the development of many of the organs critical to human life. The study, published in Nature Communications, casts crucial light on the little-understood stretches of DNA that sit between genes. The work will help scientists […]
August 11, 2020

Should You Really Be Behind the Wheel After Concussion?

Even after all of their symptoms are gone, people who have had a concussion take longer to regain complex reaction times, the kind you need in most real-life driving situations on the road, according to a preliminary study released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's […]
August 11, 2020

Aging memories may not be ‘worse,’ just ‘different’

“Memory is the first thing to go.” Everyone has heard it, and decades of research studies seem to confirm it: While it may not always be the first sign of aging, some faculties, including memory, do get worse as people age. It may not be that straightforward. Zachariah Reagh, assistant […]
August 10, 2020

SFU chemist’s new process fast-tracks drug treatments for viral infections and cancer

Discovering antiviral and anticancer drugs will soon be faster and cheaper thanks to new research from SFU chemist Robert Britton and his international team. For the past 50 years, scientists have used manmade, synthetic, nucleoside analogues to create drug therapies for diseases that involve the cellular division and/or the viral […]
August 10, 2020

Malignant cancer diagnosed in a dinosaur for the first time

Researchers at McMaster University and the Royal Ontario Museum (ROM) have reported  the discovery and diagnosis of an aggressive malignant bone cancer — an osteosarcoma — for the first time ever in a dinosaur. No malignant cancers—tumours that can spread throughout the body and have severe health implications—have ever been […]
August 10, 2020

What Factors Help Predict Who Will Keep Their Memory into Their 90s?

Why do some people stay sharp into their 90s, even if they have the amyloid plaques in the brain that are associated with Alzheimer’s disease? And why do others reach their 90s without ever developing any plaques? These questions are explored in a new study published in the July 22, […]
August 10, 2020

Blood test could predict who will benefit from immunotherapy, researchers find

A test that detects changing levels of tumour fragments in the blood may be an easy, non-invasive and quick way to predict who will benefit from immunotherapy, University of Toronto researchers say. Immunotherapy can shrink tumours and prolong survival for patients for whom other treatments have failed. But it only helps […]
August 10, 2020

Promising new treatment of advanced skin cancer

A new type of immunotherapy for the skin cancer malignant melanoma shows promising results. Three severely ill patients are now long-term survivors. The study, published in OncoImmunology, is the result of a collaboration between researchers at Karolinska Institutet and Karolinska University Hospital. “Immunotherapy is based on activation of the body's […]
August 10, 2020

Diabetes medication could help reducing one of the worst effects of aging

Aging is just not fun. At the later stages of your life you are more likely to encounter some serious health problems, such as Alzheimer’s disease. Once you hear this diagnosis, you know you’re in for a bad ending, because it is incurable. However, now scientists at the University of […]
August 9, 2020

Precision Medicine Identifies Key Recurring Mutation in Head and Neck Cancer

Head and neck cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths worldwide, and squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) account for the majority of these cases. In a new study, based on preclinical research and published in Molecular Cancer Therapeutics, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research, researchers […]
August 9, 2020

Inhibiting Enzyme Helps Cancer Immunotherapy Work Better

Cancer immunotherapy — a treatment that better enables a patient’s own immune system to attack tumors — has shown great potential against some cancers. Yet immunotherapy doesn’t work against all tumor types, and many patients who initially respond later develop resistance and relapse. Researchers at University of California San Diego […]
August 9, 2020

Can Sleep Protect Us from Forgetting Old Memories?

From lowering your risk of obesity and cardiovascular disease to improving your concentration and overall daily performance, sleep has been proven to play a critical role in our health. In a new study, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine report that sleep may also help people […]
August 9, 2020

Implanted Neural Stem Cell Grafts Show Functionality in Spinal Cord Injuries

Using stem cells to restore lost functions due to spinal cord injury (SCI) has long been an ambition of scientists and doctors. Nearly 18,000 people in the United States suffer SCIs each year, with another 294,000 persons living with an SCI, usually involving some degree of permanent paralysis or diminished […]
August 9, 2020

Naked Mole-Rat Senescent Cells are Unusually Vulnerable to Oxidative Stress

This open access paper expands on earlier work on cellular senescence in long-lived naked mole-rats. Individuals of this species can live as much as nine times longer than equivalently sized rodents, and are near immune to cancer. In other mammals, senescent cells accumulate with age and disrupt tissue function via […]
August 8, 2020

Long Term Low Dose Ethanol Intake Modestly Extends Life in Mice

As of the past few years, the long-standing debate over whether moderate alcohol intake has a protective effect on health had appeared to resolve to the conclusion that the observed epidemiology is explained by socioeconomic factors, not by the metabolic effects of molecules such as polyphenols present in wine or […]
August 4, 2020

Monkeying around: Study finds older primates father far fewer babies

Infertility is a worldwide clinical problem for human health that affects 8 to 12 percent of couples. A new study from Washington University in St. Louis has implications for understanding some age-related aspects of male reproductive health in primates, including humans. Older male rhesus monkeys sire fewer offspring, even though […]
August 3, 2020

Glucosamine Supplementation Correlates with Lower All Cause Mortality

An analysis of a large study population here shows that glucosamine supplementation results in about a 15% reduction in mortality, a sizable effect size in the context of what is known of the effects of lifestyle choices and supplementation on aging. Glucosamine is used as an anti-inflammatory intervention, but there […]
August 3, 2020

Hearing deterioration reported by discharged COVID-19 patients

A significant number of patients reported a deterioration in their hearing when questioned eight weeks after discharge from hospital admission for COVID-19, according to the University of Manchester audiologists, in a study supported by the NIHR Manchester Biomedical Research Centre (BRC). One hundred and twenty-one of the adults admitted to […]
August 3, 2020

How human sperm really swim: research challenges centuries-old assumption

More than three hundred years after Antonie van Leeuwenhoek used one of the earliest microscopes to describe human sperm as having a “tail, which, when swimming, lashes with a snakelike movement, like eels in water”, scientists have revealed this is an optical illusion. Using state-of-the-art 3D microscopy and mathematics, Dr Hermes […]
August 3, 2020

Why is stroke so deadly for people of African descent?

African-Americans have up to three times the risk of dying from strokes as people of European descent, yet there has been little investigation of if and how genetic variants contribute to their elevated risk. Until now. A large international team of scientists has completed the largest analysis of stroke-risk genes […]