Related Science News – Page 9 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

January 22, 2019

Personalised treatments for Parkinson’s disease

Scientists at Cardiff University are helping to bring personalised treatments for Parkinson’s disease closer to the clinic, thanks to a major investment of over £50,000 from American charity, The Summit for Stem Cell Foundation. Working in partnership with Professor Jeanne Loring of the Scripps Research Institute, Cardiff University’s Dr Mariah […]
January 22, 2019

Acupressure Relieves Breast Cancer Treatment Symptoms, Study Finds

A new study finds acupressure could be a low-cost, at-home solution to a suite of persistent side effects that linger after breast cancer treatment ends. Researchers from the University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center had reported in 2016 that acupressure helped reduce fatigue in breast cancer survivors. In their new study, they looked at the […]
January 22, 2019

Systemic Scleroderma Treatments: Where Are We Now?

For patients affected by systemic scleroderma (also known as systemic sclerosis), a chronic autoimmune disease marked by hardening of the skin and internal organ involvement, the need for treatments is well understood. “Scleroderma has the highest mortality rates of any rheumatic disease,” says Dinesh Khanna, M.D., M.Sc., director of the Michigan Medicine Scleroderma Program. “This […]
January 22, 2019

Two for One

A new study from Harvard Medical School researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital has found that the hypertension drug losartan, which targets the angiotensin signaling pathway, may improve the effectiveness of chemotherapy agents used to treat ovarian cancer. Previous research from the same team identified a similar effect for losartan in […]
January 22, 2019

NIH researchers rescue photoreceptors, prevent blindness in animal models of retinal degeneration

Using a novel patient-specific stem cell-based therapy, researchers at the National Eye Institute (NEI) prevented blindness in animal models of geographic atrophy, the advanced “dry” form of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), which is a leading cause of vision loss among people age 65 and older. The protocols established by the […]
January 22, 2019

Gene therapy blocks peripheral nerve damage in mice

Nerve axons serve as the wiring of the nervous system, sending electrical signals that control movement and sense of touch. When axons are damaged, whether by injury or as a side effect of certain drugs, a program is triggered that leads axons to self-destruct. This destruction likely plays an important […]
January 22, 2019

New hope for stem cell approach to treating diabetes

Scientists working to develop more effective treatments for diabetes are turning to stem cells. Such cells can be transformed into cells that produce insulin, the hormone that controls blood sugar. But there’s a major challenge: the amount of insulin produced by theses cells is difficult to control. Now, by tweaking […]
January 22, 2019

Mom’s gestational diabetes hikes kids’ pre-diabetes, obesity risk

Up to 20 percent of women develop gestational diabetes – high blood sugar – during pregnancy, but the long-term effects on their children haven’t been known. Now, the first study to analyze the long-term effects found the 10-to-14-year-old children of women who had untreated gestational diabetes are more likely to […]
January 22, 2019

Youthful Cognitive Ability Strongly Predicts Mental Capacity Later in Life

Early adult general cognitive ability (GCA) — the diverse set of skills involved in thinking, such as reasoning, memory and perception — is a stronger predictor of cognitive function and reserve later in life than other factors, such as higher education, occupational complexity or engaging in late-life intellectual activities, report […]
January 21, 2019

The shifting age of peak binge drinking

Young adults in the U.S. are engaging in binge drinking later into their 20s, according to a recent analysis from the long-term Monitoring the Future study that has tracked the attitudes and behaviors of young adults since the 1970s. The analysis, led by University of Minnesota Professor Megan Patrick, Ph.D., was recently published in […]
January 19, 2019

Poor oxygen saturation during sleep is leading to an increased risk of heart-related deaths

Many people nowadays are experiencing sleeping problems. Sometimes it is difficult to fall asleep and sometimes it is actually difficult to get some rest. A new study from the University of Adelaide revealed that older men who are suffering from extended episodes of interrupted breathing while asleep have a high […]
January 18, 2019

Malfunction of immune cells could explain some cases of hypertension

Hundreds of thousands of deaths every year can be traced back to hypertension, better known simply as high blood pressure. This condition plays a role in such diseases as heart attack, kidney disease and stroke. Now a team of scientists led by the University of Edinburgh discovered that a particular […]
January 18, 2019

A human brain model in a petri dish?

Research scientists around the world are now able to investigate the structural, cellular and developmental intricacies of the human brain using bioengineered stem cell-based models called organoids. But the ethics to help guide researchers and regulators lag behind the technological capability to “grow” brains in a petri dish. That is […]
January 18, 2019

Exercise before surgery can protect both muscles and nerves

Exercise can protect both muscle and nerves from damage caused by the restoration of blood flow after injury or surgery, new research from the University of Virginia School of Medicine shows. UVA’s Zhen Yan, an expert on the cellular benefits of exercise, and his team are working to better understand how the […]
January 18, 2019

Study identifies a new way by which the human brain marks time

With a little help from HBO’s “Curb Your Enthusiasm,” University of California, Irvine neurobiologists have uncovered a key component of how the human brain marks time. Using high-powered functional MRI on college students watching the popular TV show, they were able to capture the processes by which the brain stores […]
January 18, 2019

Study shows how specific gene variants may raise bipolar disorder risk

A new study by researchers at the Picower Institute for Learning and Memory at MIT finds that the protein CPG2 is significantly less abundant in the brains of people with bipolar disorder (BD) and shows how specific mutations in the SYNE1 gene that encodes the protein undermine its expression and […]
January 18, 2019

Mapping the brain at high resolution

Researchers have developed a new way to image the brain with unprecedented resolution and speed. Using this approach, they can locate individual neurons, trace connections between them, and visualize organelles inside neurons, over large volumes of brain tissue. The new technology combines a method for expanding brain tissue, making it […]
January 18, 2019

3D Printed Implants Show Promise for Treating Spinal Cord Injury

3D printed implants could one day help restore neural connections and lost motor function in patients with spinal cord injury. The implants, developed by engineers and neuroscientists at the University of California San Diego, are soft bridges that guide new nerve cells to grow across the site at which the […]
January 18, 2019

Cholesterol protein discovery raises hope for smarter drugs

Scientists at UNSW Sydney have made a breakthrough discovery about cholesterol transportation in cells that opens the way for new drugs to increase the body’s ‘good cholesterol’ levels. And the knowledge could also be used to develop a new strategy to fight cancer. Until now, drugs including statins – the […]
January 17, 2019

Genetic Testing Doesn't Cause Undue Worry for Breast Cancer Patients

Genetic testing for breast cancer has become more complex. Newer tests now evaluate a panel of multiple genes, compared to older tests looking only at BRCA genes. The new complexity often brings more uncertainty about the results. But, a new study finds that these more extensive tests are not causing […]
January 17, 2019

Anti-Inflammatory Compound Protects Against Cancer Growth and Recurrence

new anti-inflammatory compound developed at the University of California, Davis, acts as a “surge protector” to suppress inflammation and reduce cancer growth, at least in mouse models of cancer. The work was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. “We are excited about this research and its potential,” […]
January 16, 2019

ZIP Code or Genetic Code?

When it comes to disease and health, which is more powerful—ZIP code or genetic code? The degree to which nature and nurture affect disease and health remains one of the eternal—and still unanswerable—questions in medicine. Now a team of investigators from Harvard Medical School and the University of Queensland in Australia […]
January 16, 2019

Scientists Discover, Deplete New Immune Cell and Halt Runaway Lung Scarring in Mice

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a fatal condition that leaves lung tissue permanently scarred and leads to the decline and eventual failure of the respiratory system. For those diagnosed with the disease, treatment options are limited and the prognosis is poor. But a new study published in the journal Nature Immunology breathes […]
January 16, 2019

Drug Hobbles Deadly Liver Cancer by Stifling Protein Production

In laboratory experiments, UC San Francisco researchers successfully beat back the growth of aggressive liver cancers using a surprising new approach. Traditionally, targeted cancer therapies aim to disable proteins borne of cancer-driving genes. Instead, the UCSF scientists prevented these proteins, including those that shield tumors from the immune system, from […]
January 16, 2019

Hindering melanoma metastasis with an FDA-approved drug

For cancer to spread, it needs a hospitable environment in distant organs. This fertile “soil” can provide a home to circulating malignant cells. Recent research has shown that cancer cells from the primary tumor can help ready this soil by sending out small vesicles. These vesicles contain a cocktail of […]
January 16, 2019

X-ray experiments reveal important mechanism behind parkinsonian disorders

Gene defect in hereditary forms of the neurological disorder results in manganese poisoning inside cells. A new X-ray study has revealed one of the key mechanisms behind certain familial-parkinsonian disorders. The study demonstrates in detail how poisoning with the metal manganese occurs inside a cell, leading to parkinsonian symptoms. It […]
January 15, 2019

DNA can help predicting if you will live longer or shorter than an average human

Everyone wants to live a long and healthy life. It is a bit of a goal that everyone has or should have. And we do our best – we work out, we get frequent check-ups, we eat healthy, but still, a big secret to longevity is our genes. Now scientists […]
January 15, 2019

Alzheimer’s researchers find new culprit and potential treatment target for disease

Leaky capillaries in the brain portend early onset of Alzheimer’s disease as they signal cognitive impairment before hallmark toxic proteins appear, new USC research shows. The findings, which appeared in the journal Nature Medicine, could help with earlier diagnosis and suggest new targets for drugs that could slow or prevent the […]
January 15, 2019

Wild insects ‘get old’ before they die

Short-lived wild insects “get old” – losing some of their physical abilities – before they die, new research shows. Few studies have examined whether insects such as field crickets – whose adult life lasts a few weeks – experience “ageing” in the sense of physical decline in nature. Insects are used […]
January 15, 2019

Researchers develop comprehensive new way to predict breast cancer risk

Scientists have created the most comprehensive method yet to predict a woman’s risk of breast cancer, according to a study led by researchers at the University of Cambridge. The study, funded by Cancer Research, is published today in Genetics in Medicine. They have a developed a way of calculating the […]