Related Science News – Page 23 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

August 22, 2019

Protein’s role in inflammation-related cancer studied

It’s well established that chronic inflammation can lead to colon cancer, but the molecular mechanisms behind this association aren’t fully understood. Research at Vanderbilt University Medical Center into the role that the signaling protein SMAD4 plays in this process has received funding from the National Cancer Institute. The co-principal investigators […]
August 22, 2019

Low levels of vitamin D in elementary school could spell trouble in adolescence

Vitamin D deficiency in middle childhood could result in aggressive behavior as well as anxious and depressive moods during adolescence, according to a new University of Michigan study of school children in Bogotá, Colombia. Children with blood vitamin D levels suggestive of deficiency were almost twice as likely to develop […]
August 22, 2019

Elevated blood pressure in your 30's could lead to brain damage later in life

As you age your blood pressure is likely to change. That is a normal part of life, which is predictable and can be easily addressed with our current medication. Blood pressure is not to be taken lightly, because it is a major indicator of cardiovascular health. Now a UCL-led research […]
August 22, 2019

Innovative Investment Strategy Aids Search for New Cancer Drugs

Developing new medicines is notoriously challenging and expensive — especially in cancer. And for academic researchers, there’s limited funding available to advance new ideas to the point where they’re ready to compete for the large-scale federal or foundation funding needed to fully develop them. That’s why the University of Michigan […]
August 22, 2019

Changes associated with autism risk may be detected as early as the second trimester

Researchers at University of Utah Health have identified a link between autism and steroid hormone changes detected in the mother’s blood. These changes, which suggest increased estrogen activity, can be seen early in the second trimester. The pilot study, published in the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, opens a new direction in […]
August 22, 2019

Blocking Inflammatory Pathway Key to Preventing Brain Metastasis from Melanoma

Brain metastases are among the deadliest tumor metastases, with a median survival period of less than one year, and the incidence of brain metastasis is rising. A new Tel Aviv University study finds that melanoma brain metastasis occurs when tumor cells “hijack” an inflammatory pathway in the brain. Blocking this pathway could […]
August 22, 2019

Lung cell transplant boosts healing after the flu

Some cases of the flu are so severe they cause lasting injury to the lungs. New research from the University of Pennsylvania now points to a strategy that may one day offer protection against this damage. The scientists found that transplanting a certain type of lung cell from healthy mice to […]
August 22, 2019

Nursing researchers receive grants to develop smoking, sleep interventions

Researchers in the University at Buffalo School of Nursing have received two grants totaling more than $260,000 to develop interventions that help young adults quit smoking and improve sleep among people with multiple sclerosis. The projects, led by Eunhee Park, PhD, assistant professor, and Rebecca Lorenz, PhD, associate professor, are […]
August 22, 2019

New Clues on Stem Cell Transplant Rejection Revealed in Study

In 2006, scientists discovered a way to “reprogram” mature cells – adult skin cells, for example – into stem cells that could, in principle, give rise to any tissue or organ in the body. Many assumed it was only a matter of time until this groundbreaking technique found its way […]
August 22, 2019

Deep learning enables scientists to identify cancer cells in blood in milliseconds

Technique could allow cells to be extracted in real time, help prevent cancer from spreading. Researchers at UCLA and NantWorks have developed an artificial intelligence-powered device that detects cancer cells in a few milliseconds — hundreds of times faster than previous methods. With that speed, the invention could make it […]
August 21, 2019

UW Medicine, VA partner on 3D-print models for heart care

The University of Washington School of Medicine and VA Puget Sound Health Care System today announced a two-year partnership to develop new uses of 3D printing to aid in the diagnosis and treatment of complex heart conditions. The collaboration is expected to help cardiologists better visualize the complex anatomy unique […]
August 21, 2019

Brains age better among retirees with complex jobs

Retiring from your full-time job might not be the best thing for your brain as you age, according to a new study out of Florida State University. A team of researchers led by FSU Associate Professor of Sociology Dawn Carr found that people in so-called low-cognitive-complexity jobs, such as truck […]
August 21, 2019

Researchers show evidence of cellular clocks in cells

One of nature’s most familiar phenomena is collective behavior—fish swimming in schools, locusts marching together, birds flocking. The same thing happens in humans, with individual cells synchronizing into circadian rhythms, part of a biological clock that tells our bodies when to eat, sleep or reproduce. How this happens is something of […]
August 21, 2019

Moderate to Heavy Drinking During Pregnancy Alters Genes in Newborns, Mothers

Mothers who drink moderate to high levels of alcohol during pregnancy may be changing their babies’ DNA, according to a Rutgers-led study. “Our findings may make it easier to test children for prenatal alcohol exposure – and enable early diagnosis and intervention that can help improve the children’s lives,” said […]
August 21, 2019

Scientists reveal how a faulty gene leads to kidney disease

New insights into why a faulty gene involved in a devastating form of a kidney condition called nephrotic syndrome leads to disease in some patients have been identified in new Kidney Research UK-funded research led by the University of Bristol. The findings, published in the Journal of the American Society […]
August 20, 2019

Lord of the flies: competition breeds a better ejaculate

When more rivals are around, they create and add extra protein to their seminal fluid making it extra potent. This boosts the number of offspring their partners produce, but the extra effort comes at a cost: it tires the male out and makes him sluggish to remate. It previously wasn’t […]
August 20, 2019

Resilient shark spines may inform treatment for human bone disease

Sharks don’t only have powerful jaws. They also have enviably strong spines. Their spines constantly flex when they swim, but never wear out during the fish’s lifetime. Human bones, however, cannot endure the same kind of bending and become more fragile as people age. Northwestern Medicine scientist Stuart Stock is […]
August 20, 2019

Potential second-line melanoma treatment identified

A study from Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center and the Department of Veterans Affairs led by Anna Vilgelm, MD, PhD, and Ann Richmond, PhD, has identified a possible second-line treatment for melanoma patients. The potential treatment would render CDK4/6 inhibitors, a class of drugs prescribed for some breast cancers, also effective against […]
August 20, 2019

Nanoparticle therapy targets lymph node metastases

Metastasis, in which cancer cells break free from the primary tumor and form tumors at other sites, worsens the prognosis for many cancer patients. The lymph nodes — glands of the immune system located throughout the body — are typically the traveling cells’ first destination. Now, researchers have developed a […]
August 20, 2019

Can Supplements Improve Eye Health and Vision?

You’ve probably heard someone say, “Eat your carrots, they’re good for your eyes.” You may have also seen advertisements for nutritional supplements for eye health. What minerals and vitamins benefit your eyes most? A few nutrients can help maintain eye function, protect against harmful light and reduce the development of […]
August 20, 2019

First global open-source database for spinal cord injury research will be a ‘game-changer,’ say experts

Experts from the University of Alberta and two universities of California are teaming up to launch the world’s first open-source database for spinal cord injury research. The Open Data Commons for preclinical Spinal Cord Injury research (ODC-SCI) will improve research and treatment worldwide by making data more accessible, according to […]
August 20, 2019

Treat cancer with cold plasma? Purdue aerospace engineer helps bring first clinical trial

Purdue aerospace engineer Alexey Shashurin assisted in the development of the Canady Helios Cold Plasma System and Scalpel, which has been approved by the FDA for use in clinical trials. WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. — Cold atmospheric plasma technology, currently the only way to remove microscopic cancer tumors remaining from surgery, […]
August 20, 2019

Biochemists discover new insights into what may go awry in brains of people with Alzheimer's

More than three decades of research on Alzheimer’s disease have not produced any major treatment advances for those with the disorder, according to a UCLA expert who has studied the biochemistry of the brain and Alzheimer’s for nearly 30 years. “Nothing has worked,” said Steven Clarke, a distinguished professor of […]
August 19, 2019

From the tiny testes of flies, new insight into how genes arise

In the battle of the sexes, males appear to have the innovative edge—from a genetic standpoint, at least. Scientists are finding that the testes are more than mere factories for sperm; these organs also serve as hotspots for the emergence of new genes, the raw material for the evolution of […]
August 19, 2019

Moisturizers May Be Turning Your Skin Into ‘Swiss Cheese’

Visit any drugstore and you’ll find a dizzying array of choices for skin-care products. That’s no surprise, says UC San Francisco dermatology professor Peter Elias, MD, since at least half of Americans, maybe more, have sensitive skin or a diagnosed skin condition such as eczema, atopic dermatitis or rosacea. But […]
August 19, 2019

Foraging for information: machine learning decodes genetic influence over behavior

Mice scurry around while foraging for food, but genetics may be the unseen hand controlling these meandering movements. Researchers at University of Utah Health are using machine learning to draw links between genetic controls that shape incremental steps of instinctive and learned behaviors. The results are available online in Cell Reports. “Patterns of […]
August 19, 2019

Stress and resilience: why sex and gender matter

For a guy who studies other people's stress for a living, Robert-Paul Juster certainly seems to handle it well himself. The Université de Montréal neuroscientist is busy on many fronts, researching stress among the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community, stress in the workplace, stress and aging, and stress […]
August 19, 2019

Tweaked CRISPR in Neurons Gives Scientists New Power to Probe Brain Diseases

A team of scientists at UC San Francisco and the National Institutes of Health have achieved another CRISPR first, one which may fundamentally alter the way scientists study brain diseases. In a paper published in the journal Neuron, the researchers describe a technique that uses a special version of CRISPR […]
August 19, 2019

Scientists identify faulty molecular recycling as potential driver of Alzheimer’s disease

When a muscle or lung cell gets damaged beyond repair, self-destruct enzymes, known as caspases, spring into action, safely dismantling the cell. But in neurons, which are essentially irreplaceable, one of those enzymes actually helps to recycle old proteins instead of destroying the cell, a process that seems to stall […]
August 16, 2019

New stem cell combination could help to repair damaged hearts

A combination of heart cells derived from human stem cells could be the answer to developing a desperately-needed treatment for heart failure, according to new research by scientists at the University of Cambridge, published in Nature Biotechnology. Researchers have found that, by transplanting an area of damaged tissue with a combination […]