Related Science News – Page 44 – Innovita Research

Related Science News

October 3, 2018

DNA vaccine leads to immune responses in HPV-related head and neck cancer

Researchers at the Abramson Cancer Center tested a new immunotherapy approach utilizing a therapeutic vaccine in two groups of patients with advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCCa), and found 86 percent showed elevated T cell activity. It is the first study to show that the vaccine can help immune cells infiltrate tumors. HNSCCa […]
October 3, 2018

Therapy applied directly inside the eye best for treating uveitic macular edema

Delivery of corticosteroids directly into the eye is more effective than injections adjacent to the eye, according to results from a comparative clinical trial of macular edema in patients with noninfectious uveitis. The study was funded by the National Eye Institute (NEI), part of the National Institutes of Health. The […]
October 3, 2018

The XL Factor

Sometimes our cells employ meticulous and elegant solutions to fix things that break. Other times, they slap on some duct tape and keep going. The human body can apply these quick-and-dirty methods to even its most critical components, such as when both strands of a DNA helix suddenly snap. Such […]
October 3, 2018

Breast milk helps pre-term babies catch up in brain development

Some babies act like they are in a rush. They come to this world too quickly and have to deal with some health problems because of it. Scientists know this issue, which is why they are looking for ways to aid the brain development of pre-term babies. However, nature already […]
October 3, 2018

Middle-age drinkers don't consider alcohol when thinking about their health

Pretty much everyone knows that drinking has severe negative health effects – that is not a surprise to anyone. However, some people are still abusing alcohol, while completely ignoring all the warning signs. A new study from the University of Adelaide found that middle-age drinkers who only consume a moderate […]
October 2, 2018

Mitochondrial mechanisms focus of study

Mysteries remain in your mitochondria, but researchers led by Rice University bioscientist Natasha Kirienko plan to bring them to light. Kirienko is the first Rice faculty member to win a new class of grant from the National Institute of General Medical Sciences, one of the National Institutes of Health, called an R35. The five-year grant […]
October 2, 2018

Cell Death Protein also Damps Inflammation

Inflammation is one strategy your body uses to fight infection, but if it gets out of control it can kill instead of heal. In the journal Immunity, UConn Health immunologist Vijay Rathinam and colleagues show how the body damps down inflammation, making clever double use of a protein previously thought to be responsible […]
October 2, 2018

Egg cell seeks sperm

Through clever partner selection, animals can increase the future success of their offspring. With some species, this process continues even after the sex act. Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology in Plön have discovered that among sticklebacks, the egg cells of the fish are involved in the […]
October 2, 2018

Gene therapy for mitochondrial diseases

Mitochondrial disease is now thought to be the second most commonly diagnosed genetic disease worldwide, and, unfortunately, there are still no proven treatment strategies for those diagnosed. Scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing in Cologne were involved in collaborations to apply gene-therapy approaches in mice to […]
October 1, 2018

Fecal microbiota transplantation helps restore beneficial bacteria in cancer patients

Researchers at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center have shown that autologous fecal microbiota transplantation (auto-FMT) is a safe and effective way to help replenish beneficial gut bacteria in cancer patients who require intense antibiotics during allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. In their study, patients who underwent the procedure were randomly […]
October 1, 2018

Genetic Predictors of Lifespan Studied in Whites and Asians Don’t Apply to Black Youth

Protective caps at the ends of our chromosomes called telomeres protect our cells’ genomic information but shorten each time a cell divides. This shortening of telomeres has been linked to aging and chronic diseases. For example, previous studies have shown that individuals with asthma have shorter telomeres than those without […]
October 1, 2018

Chiropractic Treatment and Vision Loss: Examining the Connection

Many Americans visit chiropractors to address pain, often without informing their physicians. And they might not consider eye complications that could result, says Yannis Paulus, M.D., a retina specialist at the University of Michigan Kellogg Eye Center. The energetic thrusts and rotations sometimes performed in high-velocity neck manipulation have been shown to create […]
September 29, 2018

People with dementia need support when hanging up the keys

We as human want to be mobile. We want to move around, see things and meet people. And a car is a great way to do that. However, once you reach a certain age you really shouldn‘t be driving. But that is such a difficult change. Scientists from the University […]
September 28, 2018

Team research reveals how cells 'eat and sleep' may impact several cancer types

From aging to cancer — with quite a bit in between — Katherine Aird, assistant professor of cellular and molecular physiology at Penn State College of Medicine, and her team have a whole world of research opportunities in front of them. This is not just because they have a lot […]
September 28, 2018

Could aspirin play role in treatment of cancer?

The systematic review, which looked at the survival of 120,000 patients with cancer who took aspirin, compared with 400,000 patients who did not, showed that at any time following the diagnosis of some cancers the proportion of patients who were still alive was 20-30% greater in those taking the drug.  The […]
September 28, 2018

New drug candidate makes cancer cells more sensitive to radiotherapy

Radiotherapy is one of the most common cancer treatments. It damages the DNA, causing cancer cells to stop growing and die if the damage is left unrepaired. Unfortunately, some cancers are resistant to radiotherapy and the treatment also damages the DNA in healthy cells, thus limiting the amount of radiation […]
September 28, 2018

Newest biomedical engineering faculty hopes to advance tools for cancer treatment

Hyeun Joong Yoon, Ph.D, is new to the College of Engineering this fall. An assistant professor in the electrical and biomedical department, Yoon's research interests focus on developing engineering methods in nanomaterial science and advanced bioMEMS tools to improve diagnostics for cancer research. Yoon joined the University of Nevada, Reno […]
September 27, 2018

Older people veer off-topic in conversation more frequently than younger ones

It happens to everyone. You are talking to someone and just for a second you lose concentration and start veering off topic. Sometimes it is really hard to keep the conversation on track when people do not seem to be interested. However, for some it happens more often that to […]
September 27, 2018

Lung cancer drug could be repurposed to target leukaemia ‘zombie’ proteins

A new study by scientists at the University of Liverpool highlights how a clinically-approved lung cancer drug could potentially be ‘repurposed’ to design new treatments for future cancer therapies. The research, published in Science Signaling, focuses on a protein called TRIB2, which is linked to promoting survival and drug resistance in […]
September 27, 2018

Top researcher: digitize your health data

One of the most cited researchers in Denmark, Professor Jun Wang, participates in DTU High Tech Summit and urges all Danes to digitize their health data. Chinese top researcher and former Head of Beijing Genome Institute, Jun Wang, believes that digitization of health information is crucial for the choice of […]
September 27, 2018

Transplant-linked cancer deaths pose questions about safety

“4 get cancer from donated organ,” blared the headline above a news story. It described the case of a woman in Europe who died in 2007. Her undetected breast cancer was transmitted via transplant to four individuals who received her lungs, liver and kidneys. Only one recipient is alive today, after […]
September 27, 2018

Research Brief: Canadian clinics are marketing unproven stem cell treatments

New research from the University of Minnesota's Center for Bioethicsshows 30 Canadian businesses are marketing unproven stem cell treatments directly to consumers at 43 clinics across the country. Without new regulations and guidance, researchers say the Canadian direct-to-consumer marketplace for these purported treatments could result in patients making health-related decisions informed solely […]
September 27, 2018

Researchers identify marker in brain associated with aggression in children

Imagine a situation where one child is teasing another. While the child doing the teasing means it playfully, the other child views it as hostile and responds aggressively. Behavior like this happens all the time with children, but why some react neutrally and others act aggressively is a mystery. In a new […]
September 27, 2018

Study: Damaged liver cells undergo reprogramming to regenerate

In Greek mythology, Zeus punishes the trickster Prometheus by chaining him to a rock and sending an eagle to eat a portion of his liver every day, in perpetuity. It was the right organ to target – the liver has the ability to regenerate itself, though not overnight nor for […]
September 27, 2018

Researchers Evaluate Controversial Treatment for Parkinson’s Disease Psychosis

In the wake of media and public reports about increased mortality linked to a new drug for treating Parkinson’s disease psychosis (PDP) — a symptom of the progressive nervous system disorder in which patients experience hallucinations and delusions — researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine conducted […]
September 26, 2018

Milk protein shown to alleviate chemotherapy side effects could enhance patients’ recovery

Patients undergoing cancer treatment confront a number of well-documented side effects. Chemotherapy and other cancer therapies can wreak havoc on the taste buds and olfactory senses, depriving recipients of the intricate interplay between taste and smell that is critical to grasping flavors and enjoying foods. Over time, taste and smell […]
September 26, 2018

Know the Symptoms and Risk Factors of Brain Aneurysm, Survivor Urges

Six years ago, Donna Poole was diagnosed with a brain aneurysm during a follow-up exam for a stroke she had suffered three years earlier. Due to unusual symptoms — including pain behind her right eye and ocular migraines — Poole was referred by her family doctor to a specialist who […]
September 26, 2018

VTCRI research team identifies a potential strategy in fight against brain cancer

Scientists with the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute say a gene involved in the body’s sleep cycle is a potential target for therapies to help patients with a deadly form of brain cancer known as glioblastoma. This discovery, published in the journal Scientific Reports, points to a subtype of a particular […]
September 26, 2018

Lung inflammation from childhood asthma linked with later anxiety

Persistent lung inflammation may be one possible explanation for why having asthma during childhood increases your risk for developing anxiety later in life, according to Penn State researchers. In a study with mice, researchers found that childhood exposure to allergens was linked with persistent lung inflammation. It was also connected […]
September 25, 2018

Custom Circuits for Living Cells

A team of Caltech researchers has developed a biological toolkit of proteins that can be assembled together in different ways, like Legos, to program new behaviors in cells. As a proof-of-concept, they designed and constructed a circuit that can be added to human cells growing in a laboratory dish, detect […]